Limhamn is, in an administrative sense, the southern district of
Malmö Municipalityin Sweden. Before 1915, Limhamn was (briefly) a town of its own.
The population of the "Limhamn–Bunkeflo administrative district" (including suburbs) is 31,000, of which 7,000 live in the southern suburbs
Tygelsjöand Bunkeflostrand, and some live in neighbourhoods that aren't usually counted to Limhamn proper.
Archeological findings revealed a
stoneagevillage from the Ertebølle cultureat Limhamn. The interpretation of Limhamn's fate in later times diverge. Limhamn is by some held to have been one of the more important fishing villages in Scania, with a population living of the sea and relatively stable in size through the centuries, but this opinion is not undisputed. Limestonehas been quarried since the early 16th century or earlier, which can be inferred from the fact that king Christian II of Denmark(1513–1523) forbade the trade on the illegal harbour Limhamn. But only since 1871 has the quarry been of industrial extent. A large cementfactory, railwayconnection to Malmö, and a freight harbour were constructed in 1889. Soon also other industries were established.
Limhamn grew rapidly in the last decades of the 19th century: to 2,500 inhabitants in 1886, to 8,000 in 1905, when Limhamn was declared a town, and to 10,000 in 1915 when Limhamn was incorporated with the larger town of Malmö (democratically but narrowly decided by the town council). The next increase of the population started with the industrial boom after
World War II, when a few blocks of flats were built. From the late 1950s a belt of new detached houses led to Limhamn physically growing together with Malmö. Locals dispute which of these new neighbourhoods really are parts of Limhamn proper, and which are to be rightfully counted with Malmö, which is why figures for Limhamn's present-day population vary approximately in the range 20,000–24,000. Industry has mostly closed down in the late 20th century, and most people now work elsewhere in the metropolitan areathat covers most of Western Scania.
Today, all of Limhamn is a modestly prestigious area to live in. Very few of the houses from the pre-industrial epoch remain, but old Limhamn is characterized by owner-occupied brick houses from the late 19th and early 20th century, many of which originally were owner-build working class houses for one, two or three families. Blue-collar workers, craftsmen, and white-collar workers dominate.
During the interwar years,
Hermann Göringpiloted the first mail-carrying seaplane, on the route Limhamn - Warnemünde, probably while being employed at Svenska Lufttrafik. He lived for a while at Linnégatan 12 in Limhamn.
Paleocene bird" Scaniornis" was described from fossilbones aged some 60 million years or more, which were found in the Limnhamn limestone; it was apparently a waterbird and might have been an early flamingorelative. At that time, the Limnhamn region was located as far south as central Germanytoday due to plate tectonics, and as it was warmer and somewhat more humidthan today had a climatemore comparable to the French Mediterraneanor the Black Sea.
Books about Limhamn
Ed. Håkansson, Mats: "Limhamn:Från stenålder till nutid" (Stiftelsen Gerhard Larssons Minne 1994) ISBN 91-630-2747-X
* [http://www.aabne-samlinger.dk/sydsjaellands/elge/Museum/Popup/limhamn.htm Limhamn - Kystboplads] from [http://www.aabne-samlinger.dk/sydsjaellands/elge/Museum/erteboelle.htm Ertebøllekulturen] @ [http://www.aabne-samlinger.dk/english/sydsjaellands/index.htm Sydsjællands Museum]
* [http://www.limhamn.nu A Swedish-language site about Limhamn]
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