Julius Wagner-Jauregg

Julius Wagner-Jauregg

Julius Wagner-Jauregg, (March 7, 1857 Wels, Upper AustriaSeptember 27, 1940 Vienna) was an Austrian physician. [cite journal |author=Allerberger F |title=Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857-1940) |journal=J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. |volume=62 |issue=3 |pages=221 |year=1997 |month=March |pmid=9069472 |doi= |url=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/pagerender.fcgi?artid=1064146&pageindex=1]

Jauregg was born Julius Wagner Ritter von Jauregg before the 1919 abolition of Austrian titles of nobility. He studied Medicine at the University of Vienna from 1874 to 1880, where he also studied with Salomon Stricker in the Institute of General and Experimental Pathology, obtaining his doctor's degree in 1880. From 1883 to 1887 he worked with Maximilian Leidesdorf in the Psychiatric Clinic, although his original training was not in the pathology of the nervous system. In 1889 he succeeded the famous Richard von Krafft-Ebing at the Neuro-Psychiatric Clinic of the University of Graz, and started his research on Goitre, cretinism and iodine. In 1893 he became Extraordinary Professor of Psychiatry and Nervous Diseases, and Director of the Clinic for Psychiatry and Nervous Diseases in Vienna, as successor to Theodor Meynert. Ten years later, in 1902, Wagner-Jauregg moved to the psychiatric clinic at the General Hospital and in 1911 he returned to his former post.

The main work pursued by Wagner-Jauregg throughout his life was related to the treatment of mental disease by inducing a fever. In 1887 he investigated the effects of febrile diseases on psychoses, making use of erisipela and tuberculin (discovered in 1890 by Robert Koch). Since these methods of treatment did not work very well, he tried in 1917 the inoculation of malaria parasites, which proved to be very successful in the case of dementia paralytica (also called general paresis of the insane), caused by neurosyphilis. [cite journal | author = Raju T | title = Hot brains: manipulating body heat to save the brain | doi= 10.1542/peds.2005-1934 | journal = Pediatrics | volume = 117 | issue = 2 | pages = e320–1 | year = 2006 | pmid = 16452338 |url=http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/117/2/e320] This discovery earned him the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1927. His main publication was a book titled "Verhütung und Behandlung der progressiven Paralyse durch Impfmalaria" (Prevention and treatment of progressive paralysis by malaria inoculation) in the Memorial Volume of the Handbuch der experimentellen Therapie, (1931).

In 1928, Wagner-Jauregg retired from his post but remained in good health and active until his death on September 27, 1940.

Although many school, roads and hospitals are named after him in Austria, nowadays it is known that not long before his death he made an appliction to join the Nazi party (which, by the way, was not endorsed due to the fact that his first wife has been jewish).


External links

* [http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1927/index.html Nobel Foundation: the 1927 Medicine and Physiology Award]
*Magda Whitrow. "Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857–1940)". London: Smith-Gordon, 1993.
* Renato M.E. Sabbatini, PhD. [http://www.cerebromente.org.br/n04/historia/shock_i.htm "The History of Shock Therapy in Psychiatry"] . "Brain & Mind Magazine", August/September 1997
* [http://scotlandonsunday.scotsman.com/world/Austrians-stunned-by-Nobel-prizewinners.2497657.jp Nazi past]

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  • Julius Wagner-Jauregg — (bis 1919 Julius Wagner Ritter von Jauregg,[1] * 7. März 1857 in Wels; † 27. September 1940 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Psychiater. Für die E …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Julius Wagner-Jauregg — est un médecin neurologue et psychiatre autrichien, né le 7 mars 1857 à Wels (Haute Autriche) et mort le 27 septembre 1940 à Vienne (Autriche)), lauréat en 1927 du prix Nobel de phy …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Julius wagner-jauregg — Julius Wagner Jauregg, médecin neurologue et psychiatre autrichien (1857 1940), prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine 1927. Wagner Jauregg, qui était un ami de Sigmund Freud mais réservé vis à vis de la psychanalyse, est connu pour le traitement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Julius Wagner-Jauregg — Nombre Ju …   Wikipedia Español

  • Julius Wagner-Jauregg — (n. Wels, 7 de marzo de 1857 † Viena, 27 de septiembre de 1940). Médico austríaco. Estudió en la Universidad de Viena entre 1874 y 1880 y, tras obtener la licenciatura, fue ayudante de la cátedra de Patología entre 1881 y 1882, y de clínica… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1927: Julius Wagner-Jauregg —   Der Österreicher erhielt den Nobelpreis für die Entdeckung der therapeutischen Bedeutung der Malariaimpfung bei der Behandlung von progressiver Paralyse.    Biografie   Julius Wagner Jauregg, * Wels (Österreich) 7. 3. 1857, ✝ Wien 27. 9. 1940;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Julius Wagner von Jauregg — (* 7. März 1857 in Wels; † 27. September 1940 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Psychiater. Für die Entdeckung der therapeutischen Bedeutung der Malaria Impfung bei der Behandlung von progressiver Paralyse erhielt er 1927 den Nobelpreis für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wagner-Jauregg, Julius — orig. Julius Wagner, caballero de Jauregg (7 mar. 1857, Wels, Austria–27 sep. 1940, Viena). Psiquiatra y neurólogo austríaco. Enterado de que el paludismo se podía controlar con quinina y habiendo observado que los pacientes con algunos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wagner Jauregg — Wagner Jauregg, Julius von …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wagner-Jauregg, Julius — orig. Julius Wagner, knight von Jauregg born March 7, 1857, Wels, Austria died Sept. 27, 1940, Vienna Austrian psychiatrist and neurologist. Knowing that malaria could be controlled with quinine and having observed that patients with some nervous …   Universalium

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