Super-resolution


Super-resolution

Super-resolution (SR) are techniques that in some way enhance the resolution of an imaging system. There are different views as to what is considered an SR-technique: some consider only techniques that break the diffraction-limit of systems, while others also consider techniques that merely break the limit of the digital imaging sensor as SR.

There are both single-frame and multiple-frame variants of SR, where multiple-frame are the most useful. Algorithms can also be divided by their domain: frequency or space domain. By fusing together several low-resolution (LR) one enhanced-resolution image is formed.

The necessity of aliasing

In the most common SR algorithms, the information that was gained in the SR-image was embedded in the LR images in the form of aliasing. This requires that the capturing sensor in the system is weak enough so that aliasing is actually happening. A diffraction-limited system contains no aliasing, for example, or a system where the total system Modulation Transfer Function is filtering out high-frequency content.

Breaking the diffraction limit

There are also SR techniques that extrapolate the image in the frequency domain, by assuming that the object on the image is an analytic function, and that we can exactly know the function values in some interval. This method is severely limited by the noise that is ever-present in digital imaging systems, but it can work for radar, astronomy or microscopy.

See also

*hyperacuity
*optical resolution
*Anti-Lamenessing Engine

References

*G.T. Clement, J. Huttunen, and K. Hynynen, "Superresolution ultrasound imaging using back-projected reconstruction" Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Volume 118, Issue 6, pp. 3953-3960, 2005.
*V. Cheung, B. J. Frey, and N. Jojic. "Video epitomes". In Proc. IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2005.
*M. Bertero and P. Boccacci. "Super-resolution in computational imaging". Micron, 34:265–273, October 2003.
*S. Borman and R. Stevenson. "Super-resolution from image sequences — a review". Technical report, University of Notre Dame, 1998.
*S. C. Park, M. K. Park, and M. G. Kang., "Super-resolution image reconstruction: a technical overview", IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, 20(3):21–36, May 2003.
*S. Farsiu, D. Robinson, M. Elad, and P. Milanfar. "Advances and Challenges in Super-Resolution", International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology, Volume 14, no 2, pp. 47-57, August 2004
* M. Elad and Y. Hel-Or, "Fast Super-Resolution Reconstruction Algorithm for Pure Translational Motion and Common Space-Invariant Blur ", IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, Vol 10, No 8, pp. 1187–1193, August 2001.
* M. Irani and S. Peleg, "Super Resolution From Image Sequences" ICPR, 2:115--120, June 1990
* F. Sroubek, G. Cristobal, and J. Flusser, "A Unified Approach to Superresolution and Multichannel Blind Deconvolution", IEEE Trans. Image Processing, vol. 16, pp. 2322-2332, 2007

External links

Images

* [http://www.soe.ucsc.edu/~milanfar/SR-Software.htm MDSP RESOLUTION ENHANCEMENT SOFTWARE] — An implementation of several algorithms on Color and B&W data sets.
* [http://photoacute.com/ PhotoAcute] — A SR Software implementing superresolution algorithm based on correlating several digital images and optical system-dependent interpolation for Windows, Mac and Linux (under WINE).
* [http://www.download.com/QE-SuperResolution/3000-2169_4-10392417.html?tag=lst-1 QE SuperResolution 0.1.0.550] — Freeware implementation (only for Windows).
* [http://www.ece.lsu.edu/ipl/Demos.html SR GUI in Matlab] — Super-resolution software that includes both geometric and photometric registration (only for Windows).

Video

* [http://www.psi.toronto.edu/~vincent/videoepitome.html Video super-resolution using video epitomes] .
* [http://cognitech.com/ Cognitech Video Investigator] — for law enforcement
* [http://www.salientstills.com/products/index.html Salient Stills VideoFOCUS]
* [http://www.letitwave.com/index.php?rubrique=3%20PRODUCTS&page=video_upconversion.htm Let It Wave] — NTSC/PAL to HDTV upconverter
* [http://www.motiondsp.com/ MotionDSP] — MotionDSP’s software re-constructs a high-resolution video from low-resolution video, enabling mobile phones, webcams, and security cameras to deliver higher-quality video, and enable a viewing experience that is far more satisfying.
* [http://www.soe.ucsc.edu/~milanfar/SR-Software.htm MDSP] — a MATLAB package for super resolution reconstruction from video.
* [http://www.thedeemon.com/articles/what_is_super_resolution.html What is super-resolution?] – an article with step-by-step example of 4x video upsizing using super resolution approach.


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