subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = ROU
map_caption = Location of Făgăraş
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Făgăraş
leader_name=Mănduc Constantin Sorin
Făgăraş ( _de. Fogarasch, _hu. Fogaras) is a city in central
Romania, located in Braşov County. It lies on the Olt Riverand has a population of 35,400 as of 2004.
Although the city has become almost totally Romanian-populated through Saxon and Hungarian emigration, the diverse background is still obvious. The most important attraction points in the city are the fortress, Radu Negru High school, the Reformed Church and the local
The name is alleged to derive from the Romanian word for "
beech" ("fag"). Another source of the name is given by folk etymologyto be Hungarian, as the rendering of "wood" ("fa") and "money" ("garas"), with legends stating that money made of wood had been used to pay the peasants who built the fortress around 1310.
Făgăraş was during the
Middle Ages, together with Amlaş, a traditional Vlachenclave in Transylvania. The first written document mentioning Romaniansin Transylvania referred to Vlachlands ("Terra Blacorum") in the FogarasRegion in 1222. (In this document, Andrew II of Hungarygave Burzenlandand the Cuman territories South of Burzenland up to the Danube to the Teutonic Knights.) After the Tatar invasion in 1241-1242, Saxons settled in the area. In 1369, Louis I of Hungarygave the Royal Estates of Făgăraş to his vassal, Vladislav I of Wallachia, the territory remained in the possession of Wallachian Princes until 1464.
Except for this period of Wallachian rule, the town itself was centre of the surrounding royal estates belonging to the Hungarian kings. During the rule of Transylvanian Prince
Gabriel Bethlen(1613-1629), the city became an economic role model city in the southern regions of the realm. Bethlen rebuilt the fortress entirely.
Ever since that time, Făgăraş was the residence of the wives of Transylvanian Princes, as an equivalent of
Veszprém, the Hungarian "city of queens". Of these, Zsuzsanna Lorántffy, the widow of George I Rákóczyestablished a Vlach (Romanian) school here in 1658. Probably the most prominent of the princesses residing in the town was the orphan Princess Kata Bethlen(1700-1759), buried in front of the Reformed church. The church holds several precious relics of her life. Her bridal gown, with the family coat of armsembroidered on it, and her bridal veil now covers the altar table. Both are made of yellow silk.
Făgăraş was the site of several
Transylvanian Diets, mostly during the reign of Michael I Apafi.
The church was built around 1715-1740. Not far from it is the Radu Negru high school - built around 1909, it was originally a Hungarian language middle school where
Babits Mihálytaught for a while.
A local legend says that Negru Vodă left the central fortress to travel south past the
Transylvanian Alpsto become the founder of the Principality of Wallachia, although Basarab Iis traditionally known as the 14th century founder of the state. By the end of the 12th century the fortress itself was made of wood, but it was reinforced in the 14th century and became a stone fortification.
In the 20th century, Făgăraş's castle was used as a stronghold by the
Communist Stateof Romania. During the 1950s it was a prison for opponents and dissidents. After the fall of the Communist Statein 1989, the castle has been restored and is currently used as a museum and library.
The city's economy was badly shaken by the disappearance of most of its industries following the Revolution, critical hardships, and reforms. A large part of the city population left as guest workers to
Italy, Spain, or Ireland.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Fagaras — Făgăraş Făgăraş Judeţ de Braşov (Roumanie) Statut : Ville municipale … Wikipédia en Français
Făgăras — Făgăraş Făgăraş Judeţ de Braşov (Roumanie) Statut : Ville municipale … Wikipédia en Français
Făgăraş — Judeţ de Braşov (Roumanie) Statut : Ville municipale … Wikipédia en Français
Făgăraș — Le château fort de Făgăraș … Wikipédia en Français
Făgăraș — Fogarasch Fogaras … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fagaras — Făgăraş Fogarasch Fogaras Hilfe zu Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
FAGARAS — (Rom. Fǎgǎraş; Hung. Fogaras), town in Transylvania, Romania; until 1918 in Hungary. Jews were not permitted to settle there until the beginning of the 19th century. In the 17th century, however, they occasionally visited the fortress at Fagaras… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Fagaras — (Geogr.), so v.w. Fogaras … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Făgăraş — [fəgə raʃ], Stadt in Rumänien, Fogarasch … Universal-Lexikon
Făgăraş — ▪ Romania Hungarian Fogaras, German Fogarasch town, Braşov (Brașov) judeţ (county), central Romania. It lies north of the Făgăraş Mountains, a range of the Transylvanian Alps (Southern Carpathian Mountains), on the Olt River. First… … Universalium