Carei


Carei
Carei
Nagykároly
—  Municipality  —
The Károlyi castle in Carei

Flag

Coat of arms
Carei is located in Romania
Carei
Location of Carei
Coordinates: 47°41′2.28″N 22°28′0.73″E / 47.6839667°N 22.4668694°E / 47.6839667; 22.4668694Coordinates: 47°41′2.28″N 22°28′0.73″E / 47.6839667°N 22.4668694°E / 47.6839667; 22.4668694
Country  Romania
County Satu Mare County
Status Municipality
Government
 – Mayor Kovács Jenő (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Area
 – Total 102 km2 (39.4 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 – Total 22,611 (INSSE Statistic)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariacarei.ro/

Carei (Romanian pronunciation: [kaˈrej]; German: Grosskarol/Großkarl; Hungarian: Nagykároly, Hungarian pronunciation: [’nɒɟkaːroj]; Yiddish: קראלי (Karaly)) is a city in Satu Mare County, northwestern Romania, near the border with Hungary. It has 23,000 inhabitants (2004): 53% Hungarians, 40% Romanians, 3% Roma, and 3% Germans.

Contents

Name

The city was named after an old noble family, the Károlyi. Carei administers one village, Ianculeşti (Hungarian: Szentjánosmajor). The neighbouring communities are Hungarian-speaking villages of German origin, such as Căpleni, Urziceni, Foieni, Sanislău, Petreşti, Tiream, Căuaş and Moftin.

History

The first historical document mentioning the name of the city dates form March 20, 1320. The settlement was called at the time "villa Karul".

According to written sources,[which?] King Louis I of Hungary permitted the organization of weekly market gatherings in Carei in 1346. The development of the trade in the region stimulated the wealth and expansion of the city.

Wars, plague and famine during the Middle Ages decimated the population and the Karoly family took steps in bringing Swabians on their lands.[citation needed] The first group of colonists came in 1712, opening a century-long period of gradual colonization with Swabians, Slovaks, and Jews.[citation needed] Effects on cultural and social life began to show: in 1725 the Piarist Gymnasium was established, in 1754 the first typography was built, and in 1756 a drugstore was opened. The light industry began to bloom in the city starting with the 19th century, when the first public institutions[which?]were also created. Carei was declared a city in 1871.

Carei was taken from Hungarian and German troops by Romanian and Soviet forces on October 25, 1944. This date has since become the Romanian Army Day. After the war ended Carei was assigned to Romania by the Treaty of Paris of 1947. Since then, Carei was located in the Baia Mare Region between 1952 and 1960, in the Maramureş region between 1960 and 1968, and since 1968, it has been part of the Satu Mare County.

Climate

Carei has a continental climate, characterized by hot dry summers and cold winters. As the city is in the far north of the country, winter is colder than the national average. The average annual temperature is 9.6 °C (49 °F).[1]

Climate data for Satu Mare
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1
(34)
3
(37)
10
(50)
15
(59)
20
(68)
22
(72)
25
(77)
25
(77)
21
(70)
15
(59)
7
(45)
2
(36)
13
Average low °C (°F) −5
(23)
−3
(27)
1
(34)
5
(41)
9
(48)
12
(54)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
5
(41)
0
(32)
−2
(28)
5
Precipitation cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
4
(1.6)
7
(2.8)
8
(3.1)
8
(3.1)
7
(2.8)
4
(1.6)
4
(1.6)
3
(1.2)
2
(0.8)
59
(23.2)
Source: weatherbase.com[2]

Tourism

The most important historical building in the city is the Károlyi castle. Built originally as a fortress around the 14th century, it was converted to a castle in 1794, undergoing further transformations during the 19th century. The manor is surrounded by a dendrological park covering a surface of about 30 acres (120,000 m2) and containing a great variety of species of trees and plants.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Carei is twinned with:

References

Gallery

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Carei — Groß Karol Nagykároly Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CAREI — (formerly Carei Mare; Hung. Nagykàroly; Heb. קרלאי), town in Northern Transylvania, Romania; up to World War I in Hungary, and between 1940 and 1944 again in Hungary. The town was first mentioned in 1335. Jewish settlement there is first recorded …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CAREI — urbs Indiae intra Gangem …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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  • carei — ca|rei Mot Agut Nom masculí …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • Carei River — Infobox River | river name = Carei caption = origin = mouth = Mediterranean Sea basin countries = France length = 10 km elevation = discharge = watershed = The Carei is a river that flows through the Alpes Maritimes department of southeastern… …   Wikipedia

  • Municipiu Carei — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Municipiu Carei Country and Admin Code RO.32.136526 RO …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Nagykároly — Carei Carei (en hongrois : Nagykároly, en allemand : Grosskarol/Großkarl, en yiddish : קראלי Krula) est une ville du judeţ de Satu Mare, en Roumanie. Elle comptait 23.000 habitants en 2004, dont 53% de Hongrois. La ville est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Județ de Satu Mare — Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français


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