- Signal Hill, Newfoundland and Labrador
Signal Hill is a hill which overlooks the city of
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.
Because of its strategic placement overlooking the harbour, fortifications have been placed on the hill since the mid 1600s.
The final battle of the
Seven Years' Warin North America was fought in 1762 at the Battle of Signal Hill, in which the French surrendered St. John's to the British under the command of Lt. Colonel William Amherst. Lt. Colonel Amherst renamed what was then known as "The Lookout" as "Signal Hill," because of the signalling that took place upon its summit from its flagmast. Flag communication between land and sea would take place there from the 1600s until 1960.
During Signal Hill's first construction period in the late 1700s, Signal Hill was designated as the citadel for St. John's. Other Canadian citadels include
Citadel Hillin Halifax and Citadelle in Quebec City.
During the 1800s, Signal Hill was manned specifically during the
Napoleonic Warsand the American Civil War. A second construction period in Signal Hill's history saw the construction of the Queen's Battery Barracks which, today, has been completely restored to the period of 1862.
Cabot Towerbegan in 1897 to commemorate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee in 1897 and the 400th anniversary of John Cabot's landfall in 1497. The building was declared officially open in 1900. The practical uses of the building were flag mast signalling, and a Marconiwireless station which has since been moved to St. John's International Airport.
December 12, 1901, the first transatlantic wirelesstransmission was received here by Guglielmo Marconiin an abandoned fever and Diphtheriahospital, which has since been destroyed by fire. [Atlantic Cable. [http://www.atlantic-cable.com/NF2001/NF2001Images/NF0127e.jpgIEEE Milestone Plaque] ] The transmission originated from his Poldhu Wireless Station, Cornwall.
United Statesmaintained anti-aircraft guns on the hill during World War II.
National Historic Site
Today, Signal Hill is a Canadian National Historic Site [Parks Canada . [http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/nl/signalhill/index_e.asp Signal Hill National Historic Site] ] and remains incredibly popular amongst tourists and locals alike; 97% of all tourists to St. John's visit Signal Hill. Amongst its popular attractions are the Signal Hill Tattoo, showcasing the
Royal Newfoundland Regimentof foot, circa 1795, and the North Head Trail which grants an impressive view of the Atlantic Oceanand the surrounding coast.
Due to high winds in winter (which can reach up to 110 km (68 miles per hour), it is generally preferred to visit Signal Hill in the warmer months of the year.
A tourist information radio station,
CJSH-FM, broadcasts from the Signal Hill site.
* [http://atlas.gc.ca/site/english/search/relief?map_featureannotate_class_expression=ABQTT&map_chart=1+N%2F10&lat=47.5667&long=-52.6833&mapext=2972315.50039+857051.489837+2970940.07464+876582.636871&searchstring=Signal+Hill+National+Historic+Site&location1=NF&unique_key=ABQTT&map_featureannotate_class_symbol=arrow&layers=featureannotate Atlas of Canada Relief Map]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Newfoundland and Labrador general election, 2003 — 1999 ← October 21, 2003 members →& … Wikipedia
Newfoundland and Labrador general election, 2011 — 2007 ← members October 11, 2011 members … Wikipedia
Newfoundland and Labrador general election, 2007 — 2003 ← members October 9, 2007 members … Wikipedia
Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly — Type Type Unicameral Leadership Speaker Ross Wiseman, Progressive Conservative since October 27, 2011 … Wikipedia
Newfoundland and Labrador — This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. For the island that makes up part of it, see Newfoundland (island). For other meanings of Newfoundland , see Newfoundland. Newfoundland and Labrador … Wikipedia
Politics of Newfoundland and Labrador — BC AB SK MB ON … Wikipedia
Confederation Building (Newfoundland and Labrador) — Confederation Building Confederation Building East Block General information Type Legislative Assembly … Wikipedia
Government House (Newfoundland and Labrador) — Infobox Historic building name = Government House caption = Main façade of Government House map type = latitude = 47.572053 longitude = 52.704878 location town = 50 Military Road St. John s, Newfoundland and Labrador location country = Canada… … Wikipedia
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador — Not to be confused with Saint John, New Brunswick. St. John s City … Wikipedia
New Democratic Party of Newfoundland and Labrador — Active provincial party Leader Lorraine Michael President Dale … Wikipedia