Bibracte


Bibracte

Bibracte, a Gaulish "oppidum" or fortified city, was the capital of the Aedui and one of the most important hillforts in Gaul. It was situated near modern Autun in Burgundy, France. The material culture of the Aedui corresponded to the Late Iron Age La Tène culture,

In 58 BC, at the Battle of Bibracte, Julius Caesar's armies defeated the Helvetii 16 miles south of the fort. In 52 BC, at Bibracte Vercingetorix was proclaimed head of the Gaulish coalition. Again at Bibracte Julius Caesar, the victor at the battle of Alesia, completed dictating his "Gallic Wars". A few decades after the Roman conquest of Gaul, Bibracte was abandoned in favour of Autun, 25 kilometres distant.Without a continuous settlement to disturb or efface the site, Bibracte remained for modern archaeology to rediscover.

The first excavations were begun at the site by the wine merchant Gabriel Bulliot between 1867 and 1895. His nephew Joseph Déchelette, author of a famous "Manuel d'Archéologie" continued the excavations between 1897 and 1907

Today Mont Beuvray is generally credited as the ancient Bibracte. The site straddles the borders of the French départements of Nièvre and Saône-et-Loire in Burgundy. The site is an archaeological park at the centre of a protected forest, and a site of cooperative European archaeological efforts, a training ground for young archaeologists as well as a centre for interpreting Gaulish culture for a popular audience. Important international excavations take place at Mont Beuvray, with teams from the universities of Sheffield, Kiel, Budapest, Vienna and Leipzig.

The city also featured as the Celtic Civilization's default capital in the 2007 Civilization 4 expansion Pack "" for PC.

External links

* [http://www.bibracte.fr/index_uk.php Bibracte website] (in English)
* [http://www.athenapub.com/bibmap1.htm "Athena Review" article "Bibracte"]
* [http://home.zonnet.nl/postbus/bibracte-a.html Bibracte, a city of the Gauls]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bibracte — Plan d ensemble de la cité, les noms de lieux correspondent aux dénominations actuelles et les courbes de niveau ne sont prises qu au niveau des sommets …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bibracte — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda …   Wikipedia Español

  • BIBRACTE — Pour Jules César, Bibracte est «de beaucoup la plus grande et la plus riche ville des Éduens» (César, Bellum Gallicum , I, 23). Elle fut le lieu de différents épisodes importants de la Guerre des Gaules: César défait le peuple helvète à sa… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • BIBRACTE — Heduorum oppid. in Gall. longe maximum, et copiosissimum olim fuit; In quo totius Galliae concilium Caesar habuit, ius dixit, et saepe hiemavit, vulgo Beurect. Caesari l. 7. c. 55. 63. dicitur oppidum apud Aeduos maximae auctoritatis; dictumque… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Bibracte — Bibracte, alter Name für Autun, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bibracte — Bibracte, ältere Hauptstadt der Aduer zu Cäsars Zeit, auf dem Mont Beuvray (s. Beuvray), der 20 km westlich von Autun gelegen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bibracte — Bibracte, Hauptstadt der Äduer im lugdunensischen Gallien, auf dem Mont Beuvray (s. Beuvray); hier 58 v. Chr. Sieg Cäsars über die Helvetier …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bibracte — fue una ciudad de los celtas eduos en la Galia Comata, descrita como muy populosa por César en su De Belo Galico. Ahora desaparecida como núcleo urbano estaba cerca de la odierna Clermont Ferrand. En el 50 d.C. fue el lugar elegido por los bandos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bibracte — Frankreich Plan des Oppidums Bibracte war die Hauptstadt des gallischen Stammes der Haeduer (Aedui) vom Ende des zweiten Jahrhunderts v. Chr. bis zum Ende des ersten Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Zudem war Bibracte Schauplatz der Schlacht bei Bi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bibracte — Bibrạcte,   Hauptort der keltischen Äduer, auf dem Mont Beuvray (822 m über dem Meeresspiegel; Département Nièvre), 20 km westlich von Autun, Frankreich. Bei Bibracte schlug Caesar 58 v. Chr. die Helvetier. Um 5 v. Chr. gaben die Römer Bibracte… …   Universal-Lexikon


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