Tuscarora War

Tuscarora War

The Tuscarora War was fought in North Carolina during the autumn of 1711 until 11 February, 1715 between the British, Dutch, and German settlers and the Tuscarora, a local American Indian tribe. A treaty was signed in 1715.

The first successful and permanent settlement of North Carolina by Europeans began in earnest in 1653. The Tuscarora lived in peace with the European settlers who arrived in North Carolina for over 50 years at a time when nearly every other colony in America was actively involved in some form of conflict with the American Indians. However, the arrival of the settlers was ultimately disastrous for the aboriginal inhabitants of North Carolina.

There were two primary contingents of Tuscarora at this point, a Northern group led by Chief Tom Blunt and a Southern group led by Chief Hancock. Chief Blunt occupied the area around what is present-day Bertie County on the Roanoke River; Chief Hancock was closer to New Bern, North Carolina, occupying the area south of the Pamplico River (now the Pamlico River). While Chief Blunt became close friends with the Blount family of the Bertie region, Chief Hancock found his villages raided and his people frequently kidnapped and sold into slavery. Both groups were heavily impacted by the introduction of European diseases, and both were rapidly having their lands stolen by the encroaching settlers. Ultimately, Chief Hancock felt there was no alternative but to attack the settlers. Tom Blunt did not become involved in the war at this point.

The Southern Tuscarora, led by Chief Hancock, worked in conjunction with the Pamplico Indians, the Cothechneys, the Cores, the Mattamuskeets and the Matchepungoes to attack the settlers in a wide range of locations in a short time period. Principal targets were the planters on the Roanoke River, the planters on the Neuse River and Trent River and the city of Bath. The first attacks began on September 22, 1711, and hundreds of settlers were ultimately killed. Several key political figures were either killed or driven off in the subsequent months.

Governor Edward Hyde called out the militia of North Carolina, and secured the assistance of the Legislature of South Carolina, who provided "six hundred militia and three hundred and sixty Indians under Col. Barnwell". This force attacked the Southern Tuscarora and other tribes in Craven County at Fort Narhantes on the banks of the Neuse River in 1712. The Tuscarora were "defeated with great slaughter; more than three hundred American Indians were killed, and one hundred made prisoners." These prisoners were largely women and children, who were ultimately sold into slavery.

Chief Blunt was then offered the chance to control the entire Tuscarora tribe if he assisted the settlers in putting down Chief Hancock. Chief Blunt was able to capture Chief Hancock, and the settlers executed him in 1712. In 1713 the Southern Tuscaroras lost Fort Neoheroka,located in Greene County [ [http://www.arch.dcr.state.nc.us/amonth/neheroka.htm North Carolina Archaeology: FORT NEOHEROKA ] ] , with over a thousand killed or captured. [A People & A Nation: Seventh Edition 2005]

It was at this point that the majority of the Southern Tuscarora began migrating to New York to escape the settlers in North Carolina.

The remaining Tuscarora signed a treaty with the settlers in June 1718 granting them a tract of land on the Roanoke River in what is now Bertie County. This was the area already occupied by Tom Blunt, and was specified as 56,000 acres (227 km²); Tom Blunt, who had taken on the name Blount, was now recognized by the Legislature of North Carolina as King Tom Blount. The remaining Southern Tuscarora were removed from their homes on the Pamlico River and made to move to Bertie. In 1722 Bertie County was chartered, and over the next several decades the remaining Tuscorara lands were continually diminished as they were sold off in deals that were frequently designed to take advantage of the American Indians.

ee also

* Yamasee War
* List of conflicts in the United States

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tuscarora — may refer to the following:Native American*Tuscarora (tribe) *Tuscarora language, an Iroquoian language of the Tuscarora people *Tuscarora War, fought in North Carolina during the autumn of 1711 until 11 February 1715PlacesIn Maryland: *Tuscarora …   Wikipedia

  • Tuscarora — Die Tuscarora (Skarohreh) sind ein Indianervolk Nordamerikas von heute ca. 1000 Angehörigen. Reservate existieren in Ontario, Kanada (Six Nations Reserve) sowie in den USA im US Bundesstaat New York (Tuscarora Indian Reservation im Niagara… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tuscarora (tribe) — Infobox Ethnic group group = Tuscarora population = 75,000+ regions = Originally from New York, North Carolina region1 = flagcountry|United States (New York) region2 = flagcountry|United States (North Carolina) pop1 = ref1 = region3 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Tuscarora-Krieg — Der Tuscarora Krieg (englisch Tuscarora War) fand zwischen den Tuscarora, einem Stamm amerikanischer Ureinwohner und den europäischen Siedlern aus England, den Niederlanden und Deutschland im Gebiet des heutigen North Carolina in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tuscarora Reservation, New York — The Tuscarora Reservation (Nyučirhéˀę [Rudes, B. Tuscarora English Dictionary Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999] in Tuscarora) is an Indian reservation located in the Town of Lewiston in Niagara County, New York, United States. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Tuscarora State Park — Geobox Protected Area name = Tuscarora State Park native name = other name = other name1 = category local = Pennsylvania State Park category iucn = III image caption = etymology type = Named for etymology = the Tuscarora country = United States… …   Wikipedia

  • Tuscarora State Forest — Geobox Protected Area name = Tuscarora State Forest native name = other name = other name1 = category local = Pennsylvania State Forest category iucn = Managed Resource Protected Area (IUCN VI) image caption = etymology type = etymology = country …   Wikipedia

  • Tuscarora — /tus keuh rawr euh, rohr euh/, n., pl. Tuscaroras, (esp. collectively) Tuscarora. 1. a member of an Indian people living originally in North Carolina and later, after their admission into the Iroquois confederacy, in New York. 2. an Iroquoian… …   Universalium

  • War of 1812 — This article is about the Anglo American War of 1812 to 1815. For other wars in 1812, see War of 1812 (disambiguation). War of 1812 The unfinished United States Capitol after the burning of Washington. Watercolor and i …   Wikipedia

  • Yamasee War — The Yamasee War (also spelled Yemassee War) (1715 1717) was a conflict between colonial South Carolina and various Native American Indian tribes including the Yamasee, Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.