- Arch of the Sergii
Arch of the Sergii is an
Ancient Roman triumphal archlocated in Pula, Croatia. The arch commemorates three brothers of the Sergii family, specifically Lucius Sergius Lepidus, a tribuneserving in the twenty-ninth legion that participated in the Battle of Actiumand disbanded in 27 BC. This suggests an approximate date of construction : 29-27 BC. The arch stood behind the original naval gate of the early Roman colony. The Sergii were a powerful family of officials in the colony and retained their power for centuries.
triumphal arch, originally a city gate, was erected as a symbol of the victory at Actium. It was paid for by the wife of Lepidus, Salvia Postuma Sergia, sister of the three brothers. Both of their names are carved in the stone along with Lucius Sergius and Gaius Sergius, the honoree's father and uncle respectively. In its original form, statuesof the two elders flanked Lepidus on both sides on the top of the arch. On either side of the inscription, a friezedepicts cupids, garlands and bucrania
This small arch with pairs of crenelated
Corinthiancolumns and winged victories in the spandrels, was built on the facade of a gate ("Porta Aurea") in the walls, so the part, visible from the town-side, was decorated. The decoration is late hellenistic, with major oriental influences. The low reliefon the friezerepresents a scene with a war chariot drawn by horses.
This arch has attracted the attention of many artists, even
*Turner, J. - Grove Dictionary of Art - Oxford University Press, USA; new edition (January 2, 1996); ISBN 0-19-517068-7
* [http://www.pulainfo.hr/en/povijest.asp History of Pula]
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