Nadar (photographer)


Nadar (photographer)
Nadar (self-portrait).

Félix Nadar was the pseudonym of Gaspard-Félix Tournachon (1 April 1820, Paris – 23 March 1910), a French photographer, caricaturist, journalist, novelist and balloonist. Some photographs by Nadar are marked "P. Nadar" for "Photographie Nadar" (see image below).

Contents

Life

"Nadar élevant la Photographie à la hauteur de l'Art" (Nadar elevating Photography to Art). Lithograph by Honoré Daumier, appearing in Le Boulevard, May 25, 1863.
1863: Disaster with "Le Géant" at Neustadt am Rübenberge at Hanover. Illustration in a newspaper

Nadar was born in April 1820 in Paris (though some sources state Lyon). He was a caricaturist for Le Charivari in 1848. In 1849 he created the Revue comique and the Petit journal pour rire. He took his first photographs in 1853 and in 1858 became the first person to take aerial photographs. He also pioneered the use of artificial lighting in photography, working in the catacombs of Paris.

Around 1863, Nadar built a huge (6000 m³) balloon named Le Géant ("The Giant"), thereby inspiring Jules Verne's Five Weeks in a Balloon. Although the "Géant" project was initially unsuccessful Nadar was still convinced that the future belonged to heavier-than-air machines. Later, "The Society for the Encouragement of Aerial Locomotion by Means of Heavier than Air Machines" was established, with Nadar as president and Verne as secretary. Nadar was also the inspiration for the character of Michael Ardan in Verne's From the Earth to the Moon.

Circa 1865: « Revolving » selfportrait by Nadar; 2010: Animation by OxIxO

On his visit to Brussels with the Géant, on 26 September 1864, Nadar erected mobile barriers to keep the crowd at a safe distance. Up to this day, crowd control barriers are known in Belgium as Nadar barriers.

In April 1874, he lent his photo studio to a group of painters, thus making the first exhibition of the Impressionists possible. He photographed Victor Hugo on his death-bed in 1885. He is credited with having published (in 1886) the first photo-interview (of famous chemist Michel Eugène Chevreul, then a centenarian), and also took erotic photographs.

From 1895 until his return to Paris in 1909, the Nadar photo studio was in Marseilles (France).

Nadar died in 1910, aged 89. He was buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

Gallery

See also

References

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nadar — may refer to: Nadar (caste), a prominent Tamil caste of India and in the Tamil diaspora Nadar (photographer), the pseudonym of 19th century French photographer and caricaturist Gaspard Félix Tournachon Prix Nadar, an annual award for a… …   Wikipedia

  • Nadar — Na·dar (nä därʹ), Originally Gaspard Félix Tournachon. 1820 1910. French photographer known for his aerial views of Paris and his portraits of figures in the arts, including Edouard Manet and Charles Baudelaire. * * * orig. Gaspard Félix… …   Universalium

  • Nadar — (1820 1910) (Félix Tournachon)    photographer, cartoonist, balloonist    Born Félix Tournachon in Paris, Nadar (the pseudonym by which he is known) studied medicine for a short period but soon left to pursue a career in literature. under the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Prix Nadar — Photography portal The Prix Nadar is an annual prize awarded for a photography book edited in France. The prize was created in 1955 and is awarded by a jury of photojournalists and publishing experts. The prize s namesake, Felix Nadar, was t …   Wikipedia

  • André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri — Self portrait, circa 1860 André Adolphe Eugène Disdéri (28 March 1819, Paris 4 October 1889)[1] was a French photographer who started his photographic career as a daguerreotypist but gained greater fame for patenting his version of the …   Wikipedia

  • 1910 in art — List of years in ArtEvents*Robert Delaunay marries Sonia Terk.Exhibitions*First exhibition of Post Impressionism in London, organised by Roger FryWorks*Pierre Bonnard Girl with Parrot *Georges Braque Violin and Candlestick *Henri Edmond Cross… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicéphore Niépce — Joseph Nicéphore Niépce Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1795. Born March 7, 1765(1765 03 07) Chalon sur Saône, Saône et Loire Died July 5, 1833( …   Wikipedia

  • Étienne-Jules Marey — around 1850. Étienne Jules Marey (5 March 1830, Beaune, Côte d Or – 21 May 1904, Paris) was a French scientist and chronophotographer. His work was significant in the development of cardiology, physical instrumentation, aviation, cinematography… …   Wikipedia

  • Louis Daguerre — Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre Born November 18, 1787 (1787 11 18) Cormeilles en Parisis, Val d Oise, France …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Nègre — Henri Le Secq and Le Stryge on Notre Dame de Paris, photographed by Nègre in 1853 Charles Nègre (1820–1880) was a pioneering photographer born in Grasse, France. He studied under the painters Paul Delaroche, Ingres and Drolling before… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.