- Institute for Scientific Information
The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) was founded by
Eugene Garfieldin 1960. It was acquired by Thomson Scientific & Healthcarein 1992, became known as Thomson ISI and now as Thomson Scientific. It is a component of the multi-billion dollar Thomson Reuters Corporation.
The ISI offers
bibliographic databaseservices. Its speciality is citation indexing and analysis, a field pioneered by Garfield. It maintains citation databases covering thousands of academic journals, including a continuation of its longtime print-based indexing service the Science Citation Index(SCI), as well as the Social Sciences Citation Index(SSCI), and the Arts and Humanities Citation Index(AHCI). All of these are available via ISI's Web of Knowledgedatabase service. This database allows a researcher to identify which articles have been cited most frequently, and who has cited them.
The ISI also publishes annual
Journal Citation Reportswhich list an impact factorfor each of the journals that it tracks. Within the scientific community, journal impact factors play a large but controversial role in determining the kudos attached to a scientist's published research record.
A list of over 14,000 journals is maintained by the ISI. The list includes over 1100 arts and humanities journals as well as scientific journals. Listing is based on published selection criteria and is an important indicator of journal quality and impact. [cite web | title = Master Journal List | publisher = Thomson Scientific | url =http://scientific.thomson.com/mjl/ | accessdate = 2007-02-18 ]
The ISI also publishes a list of highly cited researchers, one of the factors included in the
Academic Ranking of World Universitiespublished by Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
GetCITED- an attempt to replicate Web of Science with a free service
List of academic journal search engines
* [http://scientific.thomson.com Official website]
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