Denis Auguste Affre
Archbishop Affre

Denis-Auguste Affre (27 September 1793 – 27 June 1848), archbishop of Paris, was born at Saint-Rome-de-Tarn, in the department of Aveyron.

He was educated for the priesthood at Saint-Sulpice, where in 1818 he became professor of dogmatic theology. After filling a number of ecclesiastical offices, he was elevated to the archbishopric of Paris in 1840. Though opposed to the government of Louis-Philippe, he took no part in politics, but devoted himself to his pastoral work. His episcopate, however, is chiefly remembered owing to its tragic close. During the insurrection of June 1848 the archbishop was led to believe that by his personal interference peace might be restored between the soldiery and the insurgents. Accordingly, in spite of the warning of General Cavaignac, he mounted the barricade at the entrance to the Faubourg Saint-Antoine, bearing a green branch as sign of peace. He had spoken only a few words, however, when the insurgents, hearing some shots, and fancying they were betrayed, opened fire upon the national guard, and the archbishop fell, struck by a stray bullet. He was removed to his palace, where he died on 27 June.

Next day the National Assembly issued a decree expressing their great sorrow on account of his death; and the public funeral on 7 July was one of the most striking spectacles of its kind.

The archbishop wrote several treatises of considerable value, including an Essai sur les hieroglyphes egyptiens (Paris, 1834), in which he showed that Champollion's system was insufficient to explain the hieroglyphics.

References

  • Ricard, Les grands eveques de l'eglise de France au XIXe siècle (Lille, 1893)
  • L. Alazard, Denis-Auguste Affre, archeveque de Paris (Paris, 1905)
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Hyacinthe-Louis de Quélen
Archbishop of Paris
1840–1848
Succeeded by
Marie Dominique Auguste Sibour

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Denis Auguste Affre — (* 27. September 1793 zu Saint Rome de Tarn, Département Aveyron; † 25. Juni 1848 in Paris) war Erzbischof von Paris. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Affre, Denis Auguste — • Archbishop of Paris (1793 1848) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Affre, Denis-Auguste — ▪ archbishop of Paris born Sept. 28, 1793, Saint Rome de Tarn, France died June 27, 1848, Paris  prelate, archbishop of Paris, and opponent of King Louis Philippe, remembered for his brave attempt to end the June 1848 riots, in which he was… …   Universalium

  • Denys Auguste Affre — Denys Affre Denys Affre par un peintre inconnu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Affre — Denis Auguste Affre Denis Auguste Affre (* 27. September 1793 zu St. Rome de Tarn im Departement Aveyron; † 25. Juni 1848) war Erzbischof von Paris. Affre wurde 1818 Professor der Theologie am Seminar von St. Sulpice, 1821 Generalvikar in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auguste Sibour — Kardinal Sibour Marie Dominique Auguste Sibour (* 4. April 1792 in Saint Paul Trois Châteaux, Dép. Drôme; † 3. Januar 1857 in Paris) war Erzbischof von Paris …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Affre — (spr. afr ), Denis Auguste, Erzbischof von Paris, geb. 27. Sept. 1793 in St. Rome de Taru (Aveyron), gest. 25. Juni 1848, ward 1818 Professor der Theologie am Seminar von St. Sulpice, 1821 Generalvikar zu Luçon, 1823 zu Amiens und erwarb sich… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Affre — Affre, Denis Auguste, geb. 1793 zu St. Rome de Tarn (in Rodez), seit 1811 Professor der Philosophie in Nantes, 1818 der Theologie am Seminar von St. Sulpice, 1821 Generalvicar zu Luçon u. 1823 in Amiens, kam 1834 nach Paris, wo er im April 1840… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Denys Affre — Denys Auguste Affre Archevêque de Paris Mgr Affre Naissance 27 septembre 1793 à Saint Rome d …   Wikipédia en Français

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