- Mayenne, Mayenne
Administration Country France Region Pays de la Loire Department Mayenne Arrondissement Mayenne Canton 2 cantons Mayor Michel Angot
Statistics Elevation 82–159 m (269–522 ft)
(avg. 124 m/407 ft)
Land area1 19.88 km2 (7.68 sq mi) Population2 13,742 (2006) - Density 691 /km2 (1,790 /sq mi) INSEE/Postal code 53147/ 53100 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
In medieval times, the town was the seat of the Lords of Mayenne. The town originated when Juhel II of Mayenne built a monastery near the gate of the pre-existing castle, which led to the formation of the settlement.
Mayenne was besieged two times in 1574 and 1590, and suffered substantial damage. It was rebuilt and re-embellished in the following century thanks to the help of Cardinal Mazarin. It however suffered from plague in 1707.
On 9 June 1944, during World War II, it was bombed by English airplanes, which caused heavy damage and numerous casualties.
- The Château, built in the 11th century over remains of a Carolingian edifice. It has five towers, only one of which has kept its original conical roof. The vaulted rooms and the chapel have 13th century decorations. Once used as a prison, since 2008 it is home to a museum.
- The Basilica of Notre-Dame, founded in 1100. Of the original building, the piers and the arcades of the nave remain.
- Romanesque church of St. Martin, enlarged in neo-medieval style during the 19th century.
Mayenne is twinned with:
- Communes of Mayenne
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