Norwegian Antarctic Territory

The Norwegian Antarctic Territory is an area in the Antarctic which is claimed by Norway. It consists of Queen Maud Land ( _no. Dronning Maud Land), Bouvet Island and Peter I Island. Its total area exceeds 2.500.000 km². Queen Maud Land is a sector on the Antarctic continent. Peter I Island is the only Antarctic claim area under the Antarctic Treaty that is not a sector. Bouvet Island is not subject to the Antarctic treaty as it lies outside the area that the treaty covers.

History

* On 14 December 1911 five Norwegians, under the leadership of Roald Amundsen, were the first to reach the South Pole.
* Bouvet Island was claimed in 1927 (formally in 1930; in 1935 the island was declared a nature reserve for seals).
* Peter I Island was claimed in 1929 (formally in 1931).
* Queen Maud Land (45°E to 20°E) was formally claimed as a Norwegian possession on 14 January 1938.


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