Alabama River

Infobox_River
river_name = Alabama River



image_size = 300px
caption = The Mobile, Alabama, and Coosa rivers are essentially a single river whose name changes at the confluences of major tributaries.
origin =
mouth =
basin_countries =
length = 312 miles (502 km)
elevation =
mouth_elevation =
discharge =
watershed =
The Alabama River, in the U.S. state of Alabama, is formed by the Tallapoosa and Coosa rivers, which unite about six miles above Montgomery.

The river flows west to Selma, then southwest until, about 45 miles (72 km) from Mobile, it unites with the Tombigbee, forming the Mobile and Tensaw rivers, which discharge into Mobile Bay.

The course of the Alabama is very meandering. Its width varies from 50 to 200 yards, and its depth from 3 to 40 feet. Its length as measured by the United States Geological Survey is 312 miles (502 km), and by steamboat measurement, 420 miles (676 km).

The river crosses the richest agricultural and timber districts of the state, and railways connect it with the mineral regions of north central Alabama.

After the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers, the principal tributary of the Alabama is the Cahaba River, which is about 200 miles (300 km) long and joins the Alabama River about 10 miles (16 km) below Selma. The Alabama River's main tributary, the Coosa River, crosses the mineral region of Alabama and is navigable for light-draft boats from Rome, Georgia, to about 117 miles (188 km) above Wetumpka (about 102 miles below Rome and 26 miles (42 km) below Greensport), and from Wetumpka to its junction with the Tallapoosa. The channel of the river has been considerably improved by the federal government.

The navigation of the Tallapoosa River –- which has its source in Paulding County, Georgia, and is about 250 miles (400 km) long -– is prevented by shoals and a 60-foot (18 m) fall at Tallassee, a few miles north of its junction with the Coosa. The Alabama is navigable throughout the year.

The river played an important role in the growth of the economy in the region during the 19th century as a source of transportation of goods. The river is still used for transportation of farming produce; however, it is not as important as it once was due to the construction of roads and railways.

The Alabama, Coosa, and Tallapoosa rivers were central to the homeland of the Creek Indians before their removal in the early 19th century.

External links

* [http://reference.allrefer.com/gazetteer/A/A02218-alabama-river.html Allrefer.com]
* [http://Alabamamilebymile.com Alabamamilebymile.com] features an online map of the Alabama River between Selma and Tallassee including navigational, recreational and cultural landmarks. (Dead link 2007-04-28)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alabama River — Übersicht von Mobile, Alabama und Coosa River Daten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alabama River — River, southern Alabama, U.S. Formed by the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers northeast of Montgomery, it winds westward to Selma and then flows south for a length of 318 mi (512 km). It is joined above Mobile by the Tombigbee to form the Mobile and… …   Universalium

  • Alabama River —   [ælə bæmə rɪvə], Fluss im Bundesstaat Alabama, USA, entsteht oberhalb von Montgomery aus dem Zusammenfluss von Coosa River und Tallapoosa River; 507 km lang bis zum Zufluss des Tombigbee River; gabelt sich oberhalb von Mobile in den Mobile… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Alabama River — noun a river in Alabama formed by the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers near Montgomery; flows southwestward to become a tributary of the Mobile River • Syn: ↑Alabama • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑Alabama, ↑Heart of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mulberry Creek (Alabama River) — Mulberry Creek Origin Chilton County 32°52′9″N 86°47′24″W /  …   Wikipedia

  • Alabama — (Details) (Details) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alabama (Bundesstaat) — Alabama (Details) (Details) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alabama (Rivière) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alabama (homonymie). Alabama L Alabama au sud de Montgomery …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alabama (fleuve) — Alabama (rivière) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alabama (homonymie). Alabama L Alabama au sud de Montgomery …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alabama (riviere) — Alabama (rivière) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alabama (homonymie). Alabama L Alabama au sud de Montgomery …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”