Ismail Merchant

Infobox Actor
name = Ismail Merchant


birthname = Ismail Noormohamed Abdul Rehman
birthdate = birth date|1936|12|25
birthplace = Bombay, Maharashtra, India
deathdate = death date and age|2005|5|25|1936|12|25
deathplace = London, England
yearsactive = 1960 - 2005
occupation = producer, director, actor, screenwriter
baftaawards = Best Film
1986 "A Room with a View"
1992 "Howards End"

Ismail Merchant (December 25, 1936May 25, 2005) was an Indian-born film producer, best known for the results of his famously long collaboration with Merchant Ivory Productions which included director James Ivory and screenwriter Ruth Prawer Jhabvala. Their films won six Academy Awards.

Merchant succeeded as an independent producer in Hollywood for more than 40 years. His strength lay in funding his projects, particularly in his ability to produce films for several million dollars less than those of his contemporaries."Cheek of the devil"]

Background

Born Ismail Noormohamed Abdul Rehman in Mumbai, he was the son of Hazra Memon and Noormohamed Haji Abdul Rehman, a Mumbai Memon textile dealer. He grew up bilingual in Gujarati and Urdu, and learned Arabic and English at school. When he was 11, he and his family were caught up in the 1947 partitioning of India. His father was president of the Muslim League, and refused to move to Pakistan. Merchant later said that he carried memories of the "butchery and riots" into adulthood.cited in "Cheek of the devil"]

He studied at St. Xavier's College, Bombay [http://www.indobase.com/indians-abroad/ismail-merchant.html] and it was here that he developed his love of film.

When he was 22, he traveled to the United States to study at New York University, where he earned an MBA. He supported himself by working as a messenger for the United Nations and used this opportunity to persuade Indian delegates to fund his film projects. He said of this experience that "I was not intimidated by anyone or anything".

In 1961, he made a short film, "The Creation of Woman". It was shown at the Cannes Film Festival and also received an Academy Award nomination.

Merchant Ivory Productions

In 1961, Merchant and director James Ivory formed the film production company "Merchant Ivory Productions". Merchant was also Ivory's long-term life partner. Their professional and romantic partnership lasted from the early 1960s until Merchant's death in 2005. cite web |url=http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/844732341.html?dids=844732341:844732341&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=May+26%2C+2005&author=John+Horn&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&desc=Obituaries |title=Obituaries; Ismail Merchant, 68; Producer of Stylish, Popular Period Dramas |accessdate=2008-07-04 |work=Los Angeles Times |publisher= |date=2005-05-26 ] Their partnership has a place in the Guinness Book of World Records for the longest partnership in independent cinema history. Until Merchant's death in 2005, they produced nearly 40 films, including a number of award winners. Novelist Ruth Prawer Jhabvala was the screenwriter for most of their productions.

In 1963, MIP premiered its first production, "The Householder", based upon a novel by Jhabvala (she also wrote the screenplay). This feature became the first Indian-made film to be distributed internationally by a major American studio, Columbia Pictures. However, it wasn't until the 1970s that the partnership "hit on a successful formula for studied, slow-moving pieces ... Merchant Ivory became known for their attention to period detail and the opulence of their sets". Their first success in this style was Jhabvala's adaptation of Henry James's "The Europeans". They won Oscars for "A Room with a View" and "Howards End".

In addition to producing, Merchant directed a number of films and two television features. For television, he directed a short feature entitled "Mahatma and the Mad Boy", and a full-length television feature, "The Courtesans of Bombay" made for Britain’s Channel Four. Merchant made his film directorial debut with 1993's "In Custody" based on a novel by Anita Desai, and starring Bollywood actor Shashi Kapoor. Filmed in Bhopal, India, it went on to win National Awards from the Government of India for Best Picture, Best Actor, Best Costume and Best Production Design. His second directing feature, "The Proprietor," starred Jeanne Moreau, Sean Young, Jean-Pierre Aumont and Christopher Cazenove and was filmed on location in Paris.

Of his partnership with Ivory and Jhabvala, Merchant once commented: "It is a strange marriage we have at Merchant Ivory...I am an Indian Muslim, Ruth is a German Jew, and Jim is a Protestant American. Someone once described us as a three-headed god. Maybe they should have called us a three-headed monster!" [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,60-1627804,00.html] .

Cooking and writing

Merchant was also well known for his "lavish private parties". He was fond of cooking, and he wrote several books on the art including "Ismail Merchant’s Indian Cuisine"; "Ismail Merchant’s Florence"; "Ismail Merchant’s Passionate Meals" and "Ismail Merchant’s Paris: Filming and Feasting in France". He also wrote books on film-making, including a book about the making of the film "The Deceivers" in 1988 called "Hullabaloo in Old Jeypur", and another about the making of "The Proprietor" called "Once Upon a Time . . . The Proprietor". His most recent book is entitled, "My Passage From India: A Filmmaker’s Journey from Bombay to Hollywood and Beyond".

Awards

In 2002, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan.He was also a recipient of The International Center in New York's Award of Excellence.

Death

Merchant died in London, aged 68, following surgery for abdominal ulcers [http://us.rediff.com/movies/2005/may/25ismail.htm] .

He was buried in the Bada Kabrestan in Marine Lines, Mumbai, on 28 May, 2005, in keeping with his wish to be laid to rest with his ancestors.

Filmography

Director

*The Mystic Masseur (2002)
*Cotton Mary (1999)
*The Proprietor (1996)
*Lumière and Company (1995, segment "Merchant Ivory, Paris") co-director with James Ivory
*In Custody(1993) (feature debut)
*The Courtesans of Bombay (1983, documentary)
*Mahatma and the Mad Boy (1974, short)

Producer

*The White Countess (2005)
*Heights (2004)
*Le Divorce (2003)
*Merci Docteur Rey (2002)
*The Golden Bowl (2001)
*Cotton Mary (2000)
*A Soldier's Daughter Never Cries (1998)
*Side Streets (1998) - "executive producer"
*Surviving Picasso (1996)
*Lumière and Company (1995, segment)
*Jefferson in Paris (1995)
*Feast of July (1995) - "executive producer"
*The Remains of the Day (1993)
*Howards End (1991)
*Street Musicians of Bombay (1991) - "executive producer"
*Mr & Mrs Bridge (1990)
*The Ballad of the Sad Café (1990)
*Slaves of New York (1989)
*The Perfect Murder (1988) - "executive producer"
*The Deceivers (1988)
*Maurice (1987)
*My Little Girl (1986) - "executive producer"
*A Room with a View (1985)
*Noon Wine (1985, TV) - "executive producer" (not Merchant Ivory)
*The Bostonians (1984)
*"Heat and Dust" (1983)
*The Courtesans of Bombay (1983) - "also director"
*Quartet (1981)
*Jane Austen in Manhattan (1980)
*The Europeans (1979)
*Hullabaloo Over Georgie and Bonnie's Pictures (1976)
*Roseland (1977)
*Sweet Sounds (1976, short)
*The Wild Party (1975)
*Autobiography of a Princess (1975)
*Mahatma and the Mad Boy (1974, short) - "also director"
* (1973, short)
*Savages (1973)
*Adventures of a Brown Man in Search of Civilization (1972, TV)
*Bombay Talkie (1970)
*The Guru (1969)
*Shakespeare Wallah (1965)
*The Householder (1963)
*The Creation of Woman (1960, short)

External links

*imdb name|id=0580337|name=Ismail Merchant
*Screenonline name|id=532192|name=Ismail Merchant
* [http://www.merchantivory.com/ismail.html Biography from Merchant-Ivory Productions]
*" [http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/features/20050529-9999-1a29merchant.html Merchant was the driving force behind a slew of creative movies] "
* [http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20050526/PEOPLE/50526001 Ismail Merchant: In Memory]

Notes

References

*"Cheek of the devil, charm of an angel: Ismail Merchant, Producer, 1936-2005" (Obituary reprinted from "Telegraph, London"), in "The Sydney Morning Herald", 2005-05-30, p. 41


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