Hippo Regius

Coordinates: 36°54′N 7°46′E / 36.9°N 7.767°E / 36.9; 7.767

Hippo Regius (Hippone) is the ancient name of the modern city of Annaba, in Algeria. Under this name, it was a major city in Roman Africa, hosting several early Christian councils, and was the home of the philosopher and theologian Augustine of Hippo.[1] In even earlier days, the city was a royal residence for Numidian kings.

Contents

History

Hippo was a Tyrian colony on the west coast of the bay to which it gave its name: Hipponensis Sinus, first settled by the Phoenicians probably in the 12th century BC; the surname Regius 'of the King' was bestowed on it as one of the places where the Numidian kings resided.

A maritime city near the mouth of the river Ubus, it became a Roman colonia which prospered and became a major city in Roman Africa. It is perhaps most famous as the bishopric of Saint Augustine of Hippo in his later years. In the summer of 430 the Vandals were besieging the city of Hippo as the aged bishop lay dying within. Following his death on August 28, 430, they captured the city under King Geiseric after an 18-month siege and made it the capital of the Vandal kingdom in Northern Africa between 431 and 439.

It was conquered by the Eastern Roman Empire in 534 and was kept under Byzantine rule until 698, when it fell to the Muslims; the Arabs rebuilt the town in the eighth century. The city's later history was under its modern name.

About three kilometres distant in the eleventh century the Berber Zirids established the town of Beleb-el-Anab, which the Spaniards occupied for some years in the sixteenth century, as the French did later, in the reign of Louis XIV. France took this town again in 1832. It was renamed Bone or Bona, and became one of the government centres for the department of Constantine in Algeria. It had 37,000 inhabitants, of whom 15,700 were French, 10,500 foreigners, mostly Italians, 9,400 Muslims and 1400 naturalized Jews.

Ecclesiastical history

Hippo was an ancient bishopric and still is the name of a Roman Catholic titular see in the former Roman province of Numidia, since French colonial rule a part of the residential see of Constantine. It contains some ancient ruins, a hospital built by the Little Sisters of the Poor, and a fine basilica dedicated to St. Augustine.

We know seven bishops of Hippo, among them Saints Theogenes and Fidentius, martyrs, St. Leontius Valerius, who ordained St. Augustine, and the great "Doctor of Grace", Augustine himself (354-28 August, 430). Under St. Augustine there were at least three monasteries in the diocese besides the episcopal monastery.

Council of Hippo

Three councils were held at Hippo (393, 394, 426) and more synods - also in 397 (two sessions), June and September and 401, all under Aurelius.

The synods of the Ancient (North) African church were held, with but few exceptions (e.g. Hippo, 393; Milevum, 402) at Carthage. We know from the letters of St. Cyprian that, except in time of persecution, the African bishops met at least once a year, in the springtime, and sometimes again in the autumn. Six or seven synods, for instance, were held under St. Cyprian's presidency during the decade of his administration (249-258), and more than fifteen under Aurelius (391-429). The Synod of Hippo of 393 ordered a general meeting yearly, but this was found too onerous for the bishops, and in the Synod of Carthage (407) it was decided to hold a general synod only when necessary for the needs of all Africa, and it was to be held at a place most convenient for the purpose. Not all the bishops of the country were required to assist at the general synod. At the Synod of Hippo (393) it was ordered that "dignities" should be sent from each ecclesiastical province. Only one was required from Tripoli, because of the poverty of the bishops of that province. At the Synod of Hippo (393), and again at the Synod of 397 at Carthage, a list of the books of Holy Scripture was drawn up, which survives to the current day as the Catholic canon (including some books considered apocrypha by Protestants).

Notes

  1. ^ "A Berber, born in 354 at Thagaste (now Souk-Ahras) in Africa, he died as Bishop of Hippo (later Bone, now Annaba) in 430, while the Vandals were besieging the town.", Fernand Braudel, A history of civilizations (1963), Penguin Books, 1995, p.335

Sources and references


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hippo Regius — • Titular see of Numidia Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hippo Regius     Hippo Regius     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hippo Regius — (griego: Hippon Basilikos) o Hipona, fue una antigua ciudad de Numidia a la orilla del río Ubus (griego: Ubos). Fue una colonia de Tiro, residencia de los reyes de Numidia. Allí vivió san Agustín de Hipona que murió en la ciudad el 28 de agosto… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hippo Regĭus — Hippo Regĭus, s. Hippo …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hippo Regius — [hip′ō rē′jē əs] ancient city in N Africa, near modern Annaba, Algeria: capital of ancient Numidia &, later, a Roman colony …   English World dictionary

  • Hippo Regius — 36.8394444444447.7352777777778 Koordinaten: 36° 50′ 22″ N, 7° 44′ 7″ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hippo Regius — Hippone Hippone, en latin Hippo Regius, est le nom antique de la ville d Annaba, se trouvant au Nord Est de l Algérie. Elle devint l une des principales cités de l Afrique romaine. Sommaire 1 Histoire 2 Histoire ecclésiastique 3 Articles connexes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hippo Regius — Hịppo Regius,   antike Stadt in Nordostalgerien, bei Annaba …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hippo Regius — geographical name see Hippo …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Hippo Regius — /hip oh ree jee euhs/ a seaport of ancient Numidia: St. Augustine was bishop here A.D. 395 430; the site of modern Annaba, in Algeria. Also called Hippo. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hippo Regius — Hip•po Re•gi•us [[t]ˈhɪp oʊ ˈri dʒi əs[/t]] n. anh geg a seaport of ancient Numidia: St. Augustine was bishop here a.d. 395–430; the site of modern Annaba, in Algeria Also called Hippo …   From formal English to slang

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