Götavirke

Götavirke

Götavirke ("Geatish Dyke") are the remains of two parallel defensive walls going from north to south between the villages of Västra Husby (coord|58|29|N|16|10|E|) and Hylinge (coord|58|28|N|16|10|E|) in Östergötland, Sweden. The walls cover the distance between the lakes Asplången (coord|58|30|N|16|08|E|) and Lillsjön (coord|58|28|N|16|10|E|). North of Asplången there are remains of several ancient hill forts that may have been part of the defensive line. South of Lake Lillsjön, the terrain is so hard to pass that it hardly needed any defenses.

The walls seem to be constructed to protect the Geatish heartland around today's Linköping from attacks from the Baltic Sea. Archaeological excavations have shown that the walls were constructed ca 800. Defense constructions were also built along the 20-kilometer narrow inlet Slätbaken that stretches from the Baltic Sea to Götavirke, and even pass it during the Viking Age when the water level was 1.5 meters higher. The measures that Geats had taken to protect the route have no match in the Viking Age Sweden. [Anders Högmer, Arkeologiskt kontaktseminarium, Jyllands Rømø 1994. Published in "Marinarkeologi 1998". Article is also available [http://www.abc.se/~pa/publ/spaerrar.htm online] .]

The wall supported a wooden pale and behind it are traces of a military road, which makes it similar to Danevirke protecting the contemporary town of Hedeby. No Viking Age towns are however known in the vicinity of Götavirke.

See also

* Separation barrier
* Battle of the Brávellir
*Offa's Dyke
*Danevirke
*Birca
*Silesia Walls

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Götavirke — son la ruinas de una muralla defensiva que corre de norte a sur entre las villas llamadas Västra Husby (58°29′N 16°10′E / 58.483, 16.167) y Hylinge ( …   Wikipedia Español

  • Offa's Dyke — Coordinates: 52°20′38″N 3°02′56″W / 52.344°N 3.049°W / 52.344; 3.049 …   Wikipedia

  • Geats — Sweden in the 12th century before the incorporation of Finland during the 13th century.   Geats …   Wikipedia

  • Separation barrier — A separation barrier is a wall or fence constructed to limit the movement of people across a certain line or border, or to separate two populations. These structures vary in placement with regard to international borders and topography. The most… …   Wikipedia

  • List of fortifications — This is a list of fortifications past and present, a fortification being a major physical defensive structure often composed of a more or less wall connected series of forts.Individual fortifications listed by name *A Famosa, built in the 16th… …   Wikipedia

  • Danevirke — For other uses of this and similar names, see Dannevirke (disambiguation). Lorenz Frølich s impression of Thyra Dannebod ordering the foundation of the Danevirke. The Danevirke (modern Danish spelling: Dannevirke; in Old Norse Danavirki ; in …   Wikipedia


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