Skara

Skara

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Skara


image_caption = Skara Cathedral
image_shield = Skara vapen.svg
pushpin_

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Sweden
subdivision_type1 = Municipality
subdivision_name1 = Skara Municipality
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Västra Götaland County
subdivision_type3 = Province
subdivision_name3 = Västergötland
established_date3 = 988
established_title3 = Charter
area_footnotes = cite web |title=Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2000 och 2005 |publisher=Statistics Sweden |url=http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0810/2005A01B/T%E4torternami0810tab1.xls |format=xls |language=Swedish |accessdate=2008-05-15]
area_total_km2 = 7.49
population_as_of = 2005-12-31
population_footnotes =
population_total = 11,446
population_density_km2 = 1464
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=58 |latm=23 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=13 |longm=26 |longs= |longEW=E

Skara (pop. 10,700) is a city in Västergötland, Sweden, an episcopal see and the seat of Skara Municipality, Västra Götaland County. Despite its size, it has a long educational and ecclesiastical history. One of Sweden's oldest high schools, Katedralskolan, is situated in Skara. When the new gymnasium was built in 1988 it kept the old name and the old school was named Djäkneskolan. (The word djäkne heritages from diakon which means servantof the church.)

Geography

Skara is located by the E20 motorway, about 150 kilometers north of Gothenburg, in the centre of Västergötland.

The name Skara comes from "Skåra" or "Skarv", which means score. It is believed to refer to the terrain.Fact|date=February 2007

History

Skara was, according to local legend, founded in AD 988, making it one of the oldest cities of Sweden. At this time it was one of only two cities in what was to become Västergötland, the other being Lödöse, and Skara was the location for the regional assembly, the "Thing of all Geats".

With the Christianization of Sweden Skara in 1050 AD became the seat for the bishop and a religious centre for the ensuing centuries; there has been bishops of Skara in an unbroken succession up to this day.

Many important assemblies were held in Skara in the medieval times. For instance the important Swedish chancellor meeting in 1326 and a meeting of Swedish, Danish and Norwegian forced in 1458, decided upon the later Kalmar Union.

In the ensuing medieval centuries there were also monasteries and other churches completed in the town. The first monastery was for Dominican order, called the monastery of Saint Olaf, it was opened in 1234; the other was of the Franciscan order, known as Saint Catherine (or "Katarina" in Swedish) can be attested the first time in 1259.

The foundations of the Skara Cathedral are believed to stem from around 1050. The current cathedral was inaugurated in 1150, but findings during the last 50 years show it must be at least a century older. Its current appearance, however, stems from renovations in the 1880s by Helgo Zettervall.

Notability

Old age

There are several notabilities and artifacts from the medieval times around Skara. A chalice from bishop Adalvard the Elder, dead in 1064, (so called "Adalvardskalken") was found in his grave in the 18th century, and was for a while used in the Holy Communion.

Some 44 pages of a book containing a texts and hymns of Catholic rituals is currently in the Västergötland museum in Skara. It is the oldest book in Sweden, written between 1100-1150 by Skara monks.

There are also several other objects found during excavations of the monasteries and churches, most of them on public display in some museum.

New

In Skara is a branch of the Swedish agricultural College, (or "Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet").

There are several music and entertainment artists in Skara, giving it a notable spot among the metropolitans.

The "Skara Sommarland" is a popular amusement park with a reputation well known at least throughout the nation, and some suggest even further than that. Most notable is its water park with water chutes, artificial rafts, etc.

The official museum of Västergötland is in Skara.

ee also

*Diocese of Skara

References

* "Skara" , tourism brochure in Swedish, English, German (1997 / 2002).
* Nordisk Familjebok, see link below.

External links

* [http://www.skara.se/ Skara] - Official site
* [http://runeberg.org/nfce/0473.html article "Skara"] from Nordisk familjebok


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • skara — skarà sf. (4) Rtr; SD27, CI652, B466, Sut, RtŽ, M 1. DŽ, Žg, Nmč, Kp, Pb, Jon didelė, ppr. vilnonė, skepeta pečiams, galvai apsigobti: Seniau moterys nešiojo skaràs, dabar jos iš mados išėjo Dj. Pasiimk skãrą, ba bus šalta Vv. Su tokia skarà… …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Skara — Skara …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • skara — skarà dkt. Šilki̇̀nė, vilnõnė, megztà, žiemi̇̀nė skarà …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

  • Skara — Skara, 1) Voigtei im schwedischen Län Skaraborg; hier der Berg Kinnekulle, der Blocksberg Schwedens; 2) Stadt hier, hat Bischof, Domkirche, Gymnasium, Bibelgesellschaft, Botanischen Garten, Thierarzneischule (die einzige in Schweden) u. 2200 Ew.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Skara — Skara, Stadt im schwed. Län Skaraborg, an der Eisenbahn Stenstorp Lidköping (mit Abzweigung nach dem Wenersee), ist Bischofssitz (seit dem 11. Jahrh., der älteste Schwedens), hat eine Domkirche (12. Jahrh.), ein Gymnasium mit großer Bibliothek,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Skara — Skara, Stadt im schwed. Län. Skaraborg, (1900) 4431 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Skara — Skara,   Stadt im Verwaltungsbezirk (Län) Skaraborg, Südschweden, 18 700 Einwohner; Sitz eines lutherischen Bischofs; Regional , Freilichtmuseum; Fremdenverkehr.   Stadtbild:   Domkirche (um 1150 und später; 1886 94 restauriert), nach Brand… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • skara- — *skara , *skaraz germ., stark. Maskulinum (a): nhd. Schar ( Femininum) (2), Pflugschar, Pflugeisen; ne. ploughshare; Rekontruktionsbasis: ae., afries., anfrk., mnd., ahd.; Hinweis: s. *skeran; …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Skara FC — Der Skara FC ist ein schwedischer Fußballverein aus Skara. Die Mannschaft des Vorgängervereins Skara IF spielte mehrere Spielzeiten in der zweithöchsten schwedischen Spielklasse. Geschichte Bei Einführung der schwedischen Ligapyramide im Sommer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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