- International Republican Institute
government, that conducts international political programs, sometimes labeled 'democratization programs'. [ [http://rightweb.irc-online.org/profile/1481 International Relations Center] , loaded 14 April 2007] ]
Initially known as the National Republican Institute for International Affairs, the IRI's stated mission is to expand what it interprets as freedom throughout the world. Its activities include teaching and assisting with political party and candidate development, good governance practices, civil society development, civic education, women’s and youth leadership development, electoral reform and election monitoring, and political expression in closed societies.
The International Republican Institute (IRI) was founded in 1983, after President
Ronald Reagan's 1982 speech before the British Parliament in Westminsterin which he proposed a broad objective of helping countries build the infrastructure of democracy. Quoting the U.N. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, he stated: "we must be staunch in our conviction that freedom is not the sole prerogative of a lucky few but the inalienable and universal right of all human beings." [cite web| title=United States Support of Human Rights and Democracy| url=http://commdocs.house.gov/committees/intlrel/hfa94707.000/hfa94707_0.HTM#105| work=Hearing before the Subcommittee on International Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Human Rights, of the Committee on International Relations House of Representatives, One hundred eighth congress, Second session July 7 2004, Serial No. 108–133| page=105| date=2004-07-07| accessdate=2008-01-29]
The Westminster speech led to the establishment of the
National Endowment for Democracyby Congress in 1983. The endowment is a mechanism to channel congressional funds to the International Republican Institute and three other institutes: the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, the American Center for International Labor Solidarity, and the Center for International Private Enterprise. These organizations provide technical assistance to political bodies worldwide.
The majority of the IRI's funding comes from the National Endowment for Democracy.
At first, IRI focused on democratic institutions and processes in
Latin Americabut has expanded its focus worldwide since the end of the Cold War. IRI has conducted programs in more than 100 countries and is currently active in 70 countries.
The IRI operates as a political organization abroad, providing training and assistance to political parties. As a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization, it plays no part in domestic U.S. politics. However, the majority of its board, staff and consultants are drawn from the Republican Party. [ [http://rightweb.irc-online.org/profile/1481 International Relations Center] , loaded 14 April 2007] ] According to the "National Relations Center website", the IRI's leadership "spans the center right, far right, and neoconservative factions of the Republican Party. Most of its staff and board have links to right-wing think tanks, foundations, and policy institutes, while many also represent major financial, oil, and defense corporations". [ [http://rightweb.irc-online.org/profile/1481 International Relations Center] , loaded 12 October 2007] ]
IRI works with the following organisations:
United States State Department
United States Agency for International Development
National Endowment for Democracy
National Democratic Institute for International Affairs
International Foundation for Election Systems
In Europe, IRI has established a partnership with the
European People's Party(EPP).
=Involvement in Haiti=
The IRI is accused of training some of the leaders of the 2004 coup d'etat in
Haiti, as well as funding opposition groups in the country in a destabilization campaign in the months leading up the removal of democratically-elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristideby a coalition of Canada, the US and France. Aristide was replaced with an unelected government which has been in power since that time.
The Cuban government accuses former Congressional staffer
Caleb McCarryof orchestrating the coup and attempting to do the same in Cuba [cite web| title= Bush’s man for Cuba author of the Haitian disaster| url=http://www.granma.cu/ingles/2005/octubre/vier28/45mccarry-i.html| author=Jean-Guy Allard| date=2005-10-28| accessdate=2008-01-29] ; an anonymous State Departmentsource told a salon.comjournalist that the funds McCarry allegedly used in Haiti came from the IRI. [cite web| title=The Other Regime Change| url=http://www.globalpolicy.org/empire/history/2004/0716otherchange.htm| author= Max Blumenthal| publisher= Global Policy Forum| date=2004-07-16| accessdate=2008-01-29]
The IRI received funding for the Haiti project from
USAIDfor two years (late 2002-2004) and continues the project with oversight from USAID [cite web| title=IRI Haiti Program Frequently Asked Questions| archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20060809080141/http://www.iri.org/FAQ-Haiti.asp| archivedate=2006-08-09| url=http://www.iri.org/FAQ-Haiti.asp| publisher= IRI| accessdate=2008-01-29] [cite web| archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20060903173956/http://www.iri.org/countries.asp?id=7826537582 |title=IRI in Haiti| archivedate=2006-08-09| url=http://www.iri.org/countries.asp?id=7826537582| publisher= IRI| accessdate=2008-01-29]
The now defunct web site "
http://www.haitigetinvolved.com/" was displaying the IRI logo together with the title "Haiti Get Involved!" from about 2003 until mid 2005, and to be offering news, analyses, reports, documents and training manuals as well as information on the upcoming election and a list of political parties.
CBC television premiered a documentary film about the IRI's role in the coup, "Haiti: Democracy Undone", on
29 January, 2006. [cite web| title=CBC News: Correspondent - Haiti: Democracy Undone| url=http://www.cbc.ca/correspondent/060129.html| publisher= CBC News| accessdate=2008-01-29]
FOIA documents show that the IRI was involved in training and supporting pro-coup opposition parties. See http://narcosphere.narconews.com/story/2006/4/13/15539/1082
IRI was accused by former American ambassador Brian Dean Curran of undermining his efforts to hold peaceful negotiations between
Aristideand his opposition after contested senatorial elections in 2000. According to Curran, Stanley Lucas, then IRI's representative in Haiti, advised opposition leaders not to compromise with Aristide, who would soon be driven from power. Curran also alleged that Lucas represented himself to the opposition as the true envoy of Washington, and his advice—which was contrary to that of the State Department—as advice from the American government. [Walt Bogdanich and Jenny Nordberg, " [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01/29/international/americas/29haiti.html?ex=1296190800&en=803d683287507b6f&ei=5089 Mixed U.S. Signals Helped Tilt Haiti Toward Chaos] ", New York Times, 29 Jan. 2006 retrieved 28 July 2007.]
Otto J. Reich, who was the State Department's top official on Latin America under
Colin Powell, described a change in American policy toward Haiti with the arrival of the Bush administration. According to Reich, Aristide fell somewhat out of favor with the change of American executive, though Powell continued to publicly profess U.S. support for the democratically elected leader. Curran's allegations were corroborated by Luigi R. Einaudi of the Organization of American States. [Walt Bogdanich and Jenny Nordberg, " [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01/29/international/americas/29haiti.html?ex=1296190800&en=803d683287507b6f&ei=5089 Mixed U.S. Signals Helped Tilt Haiti Toward Chaos] ", New York Times, 29 Jan. 2006 retrieved 28 July 2007.]
[Stanley] Lucas was also simultaneously running IRI's Haiti program, which had been financing activities to seek removal of Haitian President Jean Bertrand Aristide. USAID funded IRI to the tune of more than $3 million from 1998-2003 to destabilize Haiti under the guise of 'promoting democracy', the usual term put forth by such programs. Lucas, wealthy and Haitian-born, was hired by IRI in 1992 to run their Haiti sessions for Aristide's most virulent opponents. IRI's millions and Lucas's genius applied the US intervention model formerly used in Nicaragua: unification of opposition parties.
In Haiti, IRI crafted and built the 'Democratic Convergence', a group of disparate opposition parties, social organizations, and groups in the country. The Democratic Convergence was elemental in provoking the ongoing tension and violence in the nation, eventually leading to the illegal and violent overthrow of President Aristide. IRI's role was beyond pivotal.[Eva Golinger. "The Chávez Code - Cracking US Intervention in Venezuela", chapter 4.]
Creation of right-wing political parties
The IRI claims credit for having united and organised a diverse range of "center and center right-wing" political parties together to create the
Akcja Wyborcza Solidarność(AWS), which was in government in Poland, together with its coalition partner the Unia Wolnosci(UW) party, from 1997to 2001. It claims having provided training in political campaigning, communications training and research which helped organise and create the AWS. It also claims that once the AWS was in government, it organised an advertisingcampaign for the Polish government in order to stop the AWS splitting up over internal tensions:
Lorne Craner, assumed leadership on August 2, 2004. From 2001 to 2004, Craner served as Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor at the US State Department. Craner previously served as IRI's president from 1995 to 2001.
Board of Directors
John McCain, Chairman
Peter Madigan, Vice Chairman
J. William Middendorf, II, Secretary - Treasurer
Paul Bremer, III
Gahl Hodges Burt
Frank J. Fahrenkopf, Jr.
Alison B. Fortier
*Mayor James Garner
Janet Mullins Grissom
Stephan M. Minikes
Constance Berry Newman
Alec Poitevint, II
John F.W. Rogers
Olin L. Wethington
Richard S. Williamson
Robert B. Zoellick
Lorne Craner, President
Judy Van Rest, Executive Vice President
Georges A. Fauriol, Senior Vice President
Elizabeth Dugan, Vice President for Programs
Harold W. Collamer, Chief Operations Officer
Sonya Vekstein, Chief Financial Officer
Thomas Barba, General Counsel
IRI maintains offices around the world and conducts programs in
Afghanistan, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burma, Cambodia, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, East Timor, Egypt, Estonia, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Hungary, Indonesia, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somaliland, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, Venezuela, West Bankand Gaza, and Zimbabwe.
* [http://www.iri.org/ International Republican Institute] official site
* [http://www.nndb.com/org/683/000051530/ International Republican Institute at NNDB]
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/28/us/politics/28IRI.html?_r=1&oref=slogin "Democracy Group Gives Donors Access to McCain," "The New York Times", July 28, 2008]
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/story/0,,1830148,00.html "We did not 'meddle' in Mexico - they asked for our help: Our institute tries to spread freedom and democracy - what's wrong with that? asks Lorne Craner"] , "Guardian" [UK] , July 26, 2006
* [http://www.rawstory.com/news/2006/GOP_organization_linked_to_dirty_politics_0609.html GOP organization linked to dirty politics, attempted coups, 'building democracy' for US] , "Raw Story", 9 June 2006
* [http://rightweb.irc-online.org/analysis/2004/0404iricambodia.php Right Web - "When Democracy Promotion Turns Partisan"] IRI in Cambodia, 5 April 2004
* [http://www.coha.org/NEW_PRESS_RELEASES/New_Press_Releases_2004/04.40_IRI_Democracy.htm Council on Hemispheric Affairs "The International Republican Institute: Promulgating Democracy of Another Variety"] 15 July 2004
* [http://rightweb.irc-online.org/profile/1481 Right Web - "Profile: International Republican Institute"]
* [http://informationclearinghouse.info/article3594.htm Information Clearinghouse - "Haiti – Regime Change: Caught between a rock and a Bush"] 3 June 2003
* [http://www.zmag.org/content/showarticle.cfm?ItemID=5636 ZMag - "Propaganda and Destabilization in Haiti"] 2 June 2004
* [http://www.motherjones.com/news/outfront/2004/11/11_401.html Mother Jones - "The Coup Connection"] November 2004
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.