Ueno Zoo

Ueno Zoo

Infobox zoo
zoo_name=Ueno Zoo
logo=Ueno-zoo.jpg
logo_width=200px
logo_caption=Ueno Zoo entrance gate
date_opened=1882
location=Tokyo, Japan
area=14.3 ha (35.2 acres)
coordinates=
num_species=464
num_animals=2600
exhibits = giant panda, Sumatran tiger, western lowland gorilla
website=http://www.tokyo-zoo.net/english/ueno/main.html

The nihongo|Ueno Zoo|恩賜上野動物園|Onshi Ueno Dōbutsuen is a zoo, managed by Tokyo Metropolitan Government, and located in Taito, Tokyo, Japan. It is Japan's oldest and most famous zoo. It was opened on March 20, 1882. Its location, a five-minute walk from the Park Exit of Ueno Station, makes access from Tokyo's public-transportation network convenient. The Ueno Zoo Monorail, the first monorail in the country, connects the eastern and western parts of the grounds.

Ueno Zoo's saddest time came during World War II. The Japanese Army ordered that all "wild and dangerous animals" at the zoo be killed, claiming that bombs could hit the zoo and escaping wild animals would wreak havoc in the streets of Tokyo. Requests by the staff at the zoo for a reprieve, or to evacuate the animals elsewhere, were refused. Ueno Zoo's three elephants at the time, John, Tonky, and Wanly (or Wang Lee) were too clever to eat the poisoned food, and thus were slowly starved to death. The fate of Ueno's animals, particularly the elephants, has often been used in Japan as an example of the evils of war.

The Sumatran tiger, and western lowland gorilla head the list of the zoo's population of 422 species (as of March, 2003). Ueno has most variety of species on exhibition than any other zoo in Japan.

Within the limits in which it operates, the Ueno Zoo attempts to provide the animals an environment similar to the natural habitat. In recent years, the dreary, old-fashioned cages of the past have been replaced with modern habitats, such as the "Gorilla Woods".

Redistribution of the animals among Tokyo's other zoos (including Tama Zoo and Inokashira Nature Park) left Ueno without a lion. However, in response to public demand, Ueno borrowed a female from the Yokohama Municipal Zoo.

The Ueno Zoo is located within Ueno Park, a large urban park that is home to several museums, a small amusement park, and other attractions.

Principal animals

Here are some of the animals at the Ueno Zoo:
* Giant panda (Ling Ling, Ueno's only giant panda, died of chronic heart failure on April 30, 2008, leaving Ueno Zoo without a panda for the first time since 1972.) [ [http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20080501a3.html Giant panda Ling Ling dies at Ueno Zoo] , Kyodo News, Japan Times, 2008] China has agreed to lend a male and female to Ueno [ [http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/t10014409031000.html 胡主席 パンダ2頭貸し出しへ] NHK Web site Retrieved May 6, 2008] .
* Sumatran tiger
* Western lowland gorilla
* Asiatic lion
* Polar bear
* Lesser panda (also known as the Red Panda)
* Asian elephant
* Reticulated Giraffe
* White rhinoceros
* Zebra
* Japanese macaque
* Red-crowned crane
* White-tailed eagle
* Goat
* Sheep
* Pig
* Ostrich
* Rabbit
*King Penguin

References

External links

* [http://www.tokyo-zoo.net/english/ueno/main.html Official page]
* [http://www.tokyo-zoo.net/index.html Official Japanese page]


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