The Underworld is a region which is thought to be under the surface of the earth in some religions and in mythologies. It could be a place where the souls of the recently departed go, and in some traditions it is identified with Hell or the realm of death. In other traditions, such as animism, it could be seen as the place from which life appears to have originated (such as plant life, water, etc.) and to which life must return at life's end, with no negative undertones. In some slang, the Underworld can be a term for the criminal groups of an area.
Underworlds by mythology
This list includes underworlds in various mythologies, with links to corresponding articles.
This list includes rulers or guardians of the underworld in various mythologies, with links to corresponding articles.
Aboriginal mythology Baiame (Kamilaroi), Eingana Akkadian mythology Allu, Anu, Anunnaku, Ereshkigal, Etemmu, Gallu, Humbaba, Mamitu, Nergal, Utnapishtim Albanian mythology E Bukura e Dheut Altaic mythology Erlik Armenian mythology Spandaramat Aztec mythology Mictlantecuhtli, Mictecacihuatl, Chalmecacihuilt, Chalmecatl Babylonian mythology Erra, Nergal, Ninlil, Sursunabu, Ur-shanabi, Utnapishtim Balinese mythology Batara Kala, Setesuyara Bon mythology gNyan Buddhist mythology Yama, Emma-O-, Yanluo Canaanite mythology Mot Celtic mythology Aed, Arawn, Cwn Annwn, Donn, Gwyn ap Nudd, Manannán mac Lir, Pwyll Chinese mythology Gui, Yanluo Christian mythology Satan Egyptian mythology Aken, Aker (strictly only the gatekeeper), Am-heh, Amunet, Ammit, Andjety, Anubis, Apep, Apis, Astennu, Ha, Imiut (if the Imiut was ever considered a god), Isis, Mehen, Naunet, Nehebkau, Nephthys, Nun, Nut, Osiris, Ptah, Soker, Thoth Elamite mythology Jabru Estonian mythology Vanapagan Etruscan mythology Charun, Culsu, Februus, Mania, Mantus, Nethuns, Tuchulcha, Vanth Finnish mythology Kalma, Kipu-Tyttö, Kivutar, Lovitar, Surma, Tuonen akka, Tuonetar, Tuoni, Vammatar Greek mythology Cerberus, Charon, Hadēs, Keres, Persephone, Thánatos, Tártaros Georgian mythology sasuleti Haida mythology Ta'xet, Tia Hinduism Yamaraja Hopi mythology Kachina Ibo mythology Ala Incan mythology Supay, Vichama Indonesian mythology Dewi Shri, Ndara Inuit mythology Pana, Sedna Islamic mythology Mala'ikah Japanese mythology Hisa-Me, Hotoke, Ika-Zuchi-no-Kami, Jikininki, Shiko-Me, Shiti Dama, Shi-Ryo, Yama Kassite mythology Dur Khmer mythology Preas Eyssaur Latvian mythology Veļi, Velu mate, Zemes mate Levantine mythology Mot Lunda mythology Kalunga Maori mythology Kewa Maya mythology Xibalba Melanesian mythology (includes Fijian mythology) Degei, Ratumaibulu, Samulayo Narragansett mythology Chepi Navaho mythology Estanatelhi Niquiran mythology Mictanteot Norse mythology Garmr, Hel, Ran Orokolo mythology Kiavari Persian mythology Angra Mainyu, Azhi Dahaka, Peri Philippine mythology (Look to the Christian Mythology for more information) ""Bathala", Demonyo Demon, Lucifer, Dyablo Diablo, Satan, Diyos God Phoenician mythology Horon Phrygian mythology Men Polynesian mythology Hikuleo, Hina, Hine-nui-te-Po, Kanaloa, Kiho-tumu, Makea Tutara, Mahiuki, Mahu-ike, Marama, Mauri, Merau, Milu, Miru, Rimu, Rohe, Whiro Prussian mythology Picullus Pueblo mythology Iyatiku Roma (Gypsy) mythology Roman mythology Cerberus, Dea Tacita, Dis Pater, Egestes, Fames, Inferi Dii, Larenta, Letum, Libitina, Mors, Orcus, Pluto, Proserpina, Viduus Romanian mythology Diavolu, Satana, Necuratu, Scaraoschi Russian mythology Dyavol, Satanaya Saami mythology Yambe-akka Salish mythology Amotken Siberian mythology Chebeldei, Kul Slavic mythology Crnobog, Flins, Marzana, Nyia Sumerian mythology Edimmu, Ekimmu, Endukugga, Enmesarra, Ereshkigal, Gidim, Gula, Irkalla, Kur, Namtar, Nergal, Neti, Nindukugga, Ninlil, Urshanabi, Ziusudra Syrian mythology Reshep Tamil mythology Cur Thracian mythology Heros Turkic mythology Erlik Vodou Baron Cimetière, Baron La Croix, Baron Samedi, Ghede, Maman Brigitte, Marassa Jumeaux Wagawaga mythology Tumudurere Yoruba mythology Oya Yurak mythology Nga Zuni mythology Uhepono Classicism Stuades Davies
- World Tree—A tree that connects the heavens, the earth, and the underworld in a number of spiritual belief systems
Aztec mythology (Mictlan) · Buddhism (Naraka) · Chinese mythology (Diyu) · Persian mythology (Duzakh) · Christianity (Purgatory · Limbo · Hell) · Ancient Egyptian religion (Duat) · Germanic and Norse paganism (Hel · Niflheim) · Greek mythology (Hades · Tartarus) · Hinduism (Naraka · Patala) · Islam (Barzakh · Jahannam) · Jainism (Naraka) · Judaism (Gehenna · Sheol) · Shinto (Yomi) · Turkic-Mongolian (Erlik)
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