 David Deutsch

David Deutsch Born 1953 (age 58)
Haifa, IsraelFields Theoretical physics
Quantum information scienceInstitutions University of Oxford
Clarendon LaboratoryDoctoral advisor Dennis Sciama Doctoral students Artur Ekert Known for Quantum Turing machine
ChurchTuringDeutsch principle
DeutschJozsa algorithm
Quantum logic gate
Quantum circuit
Quantum error correction
Qubit field theory
Quantum constructor theory
The Fabric of Reality
The Beginning of InfinityNotable awards Dirac Prize (1998) David Elieser Deutsch, FRS (born 1953 in Haifa, Israel) is an IsraeliBritish physicist at the University of Oxford. He is a nonstipendiary Visiting Professor in the Department of Atomic and Laser Physics at the Centre for Quantum Computation (CQC) in the Clarendon Laboratory of the University of Oxford. He pioneered the field of quantum computation by being the first person to formulate a description for a quantum Turing machine, as well as specifying an algorithm designed to run on a quantum computer.^{[1]} He is also a proponent of the manyworlds interpretation of quantum mechanics.
In the Royal Society of London's announcement of Deutsch becoming a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2008, the Society described Deutsch's contributions thus:^{[2]}
David Deutsch laid the foundations of the quantum theory of computation, and has subsequently made or participated in many of the most important advances in the field, including the discovery of the first quantum algorithms, the theory of quantum logic gates and quantum computational networks, the first quantum errorcorrection scheme, and several fundamental quantum universality results. He has set the agenda for worldwide research efforts in this new, interdisciplinary field, made progress in understanding its philosophical implications (via a variant of the manyuniverses interpretation) and made it comprehensible to the general public, notably in his book The Fabric of Reality.
Contents
The Fabric of Reality
Main article: The Fabric of RealityIn his 1997 book The Fabric of Reality, Deutsch details his "Theory of Everything." It aims not at the reduction of everything to particle physics, but rather mutual support among multiversal, computational, epistemological, and evolutionary principles. His theory of everything is (weakly) emergentist rather than reductive.
There are "four strands" to his theory:
 Hugh Everett's manyworlds interpretation of quantum physics, "the first and most important of the four strands."
 Karl Popper's epistemology, especially its antiinductivism and requiring a realist (noninstrumental) interpretation of scientific theories, as well as its emphasis on taking seriously those bold conjectures that resist falsification.
 Alan Turing's theory of computation, especially as developed in Deutsch's Turing principle, in which the Universal Turing machine is replaced by Deutsch's universal quantum computer. ("The theory of computation is now the quantum theory of computation.")
 Richard Dawkins's refinement of Darwinian evolutionary theory and the modern evolutionary synthesis, especially the ideas of replicator and meme as they integrate with Popperian problemsolving (the epistemological strand).
Views
Politically, Deutsch is known to be sympathetic to libertarianism, and was a founder, along with Sarah FitzClaridge, of the Taking Children Seriously movement. He is also an atheist.^{[3]}^{[4]}^{[5]}
Awards
He was awarded the Dirac Prize of the Institute of Physics in 1998,^{[6]} and the Edge of Computation Science Prize in 2005.^{[7]} The Fabric of Reality was shortlisted for the RhonePoulenc science book award in 1998.^{[8]}
The Beginning of Infinity
Deutsch’s second book, The Beginning of Infinity, was published on 31 March 2011.
See also
Notes and references
 ^ Deutsch, David (July 1985). "Quantum theory, the ChurchTuring principle and the universal quantum computer". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London; Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences 400 (1818): pp. 97–117. Bibcode 1985RSPSA.400...97D. doi:10.1098/rspa.1985.0070. Archived from the original on 20030915. http://web.archive.org/web/20030915061044/http://www.qubit.org/oldsite/resource/deutsch85.pdf. Also available here. Abstract available here.
 ^ "New Fellows 08 Craik  Kaiser", The Royal Society. Also available here. Mirror link.
 ^ [1]
 ^ [2]
 ^ [3]
 ^ Dirac prize award
 ^ Edge of Computation Science Prize
 ^ RhonePoulenc 1998 shortlist
External links
 Deutsch's official homepage at Qubit.Org
 [4] Deutsch wins Jeffrey Epstein's Edge of Computing Prize
 Profile page at Edge.org
 New Scientist interview
 TED Talks: David Deutsch on our place in the cosmos at TED Global in 2005
 Wired News: Interview
 Quantum Cryptography: Interview with David Deutsch
 The Discrete and the Continuous
 TED Talk: A new way to explain explanation
 The universality of quantum computation, and its implications
Categories: People from Haifa
 Israeli theoretical physicists
 British libertarians
 British theoretical physicists
 British atheists
 1953 births
 Living people
 Fellows of the British Computer Society
 Fellows of the Royal Society
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