Hatteras Island
Hatteras Island as seen in a satellite photo.

Hatteras Island (historically, Croatoan Island) is a barrier island located off the North Carolina coast. Dividing the Atlantic Ocean and the Pamlico Sound, it runs parallel to the coast, forming a bend at Cape Hatteras. It is part of North Carolina's Outer Banks and includes the towns of Rodanthe, Waves, Salvo, Avon, Buxton, Frisco, and Hatteras. It contains the largest part of the Cape Hatteras National Seashore. It is almost entirely in Dare County, North Carolina, but there is a very small sliver of about 45 acres (180,000 m2) which extends southwest into Hyde County.

The island is one of the longest in the contiguous United States, measuring 42 miles (68 km) along a straight line from end to end, or roughly 50 miles (80 km) along the curve of the land.

Hatteras Island is known for sport fishing, surfing, windsurfing and kiteboarding, and is known as "The blue marlin capital of the world."

Accommodations range from hotels and condos to luxurious oceanfront cottages. Hatteras Island is often used for destination weddings, family reunions, and special events.

According to the United States Census Bureau the island has a land area of 85.56 km² (33.04 sq mi) and a population of 4,001 as of the 2000 census.[1]


Law enforcement

As there are no incorporated places on Hatteras, the island is patrolled by the Dare County Sheriff's Office, North Carolina Highway Patrol, and the National Park Service.


Hatteras Island is accessible from the northern Outer Banks via the Herbert C. Bonner Bridge. Hatteras is reached from the south via the Ocracoke-Hatteras ferry. Presently there is no direct route linking Hatteras Island to the Hyde County mainland, resulting in a 2-3 hour commute around the Pamlico Sound.

In 2011, Hurricane Irene destroyed part of Highway 12 between Nags Head and Rodanthe. Until the construction of a temporary solution, the only way of accessing Hatteras Island was by ferry.[2]


  1. ^ U.S. Census Statistics
  2. ^ Waggoner, Martha. "NC 12: A love-hate relationship with a road". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2011-09-14. http://www.webcitation.org/61gIFsdF5. Retrieved 13 September 2011. 

External links

Coordinates: 35°24′30″N 75°29′13″W / 35.40833°N 75.48694°W / 35.40833; -75.48694

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