Parliament of France


Parliament of France

:"This article is for the post-Revolutionary and present-day institution. For the Ancien Régime institution, see Parlement."The French Parliament ( _fr. Parlement français) or Parliament of France is the deliberative and legislative branch (parliament) of the Government of France.

The current parliamentary system in France is bicameral, and the Parliament is composed of:
* The "Upper Chamber" ("chambre haute"), which is the French Senate ("Sénat")
* The "Lower Chamber" ("chambre basse"), which is the French National Assembly ("Assemblée nationale"); the Assembly is the pre-eminent body.

Organization and powers

The two chambers conduct their deliberations in two different places:
* The Palais du Luxembourg for the Senate
* The Palais Bourbon for the National AssemblyEach house has its own internal regulations and rules of procedure.

They may however exceptionally reunite into one body, the French Congress ("Congrès du Parlement français"), at the Château de Versailles, to revise and amend the Constitution of France.

Parliament meets for one 9-month session each year: under special circumstances the president can call an additional session. Although parliamentary powers have diminished from those existing under the Fourth Republic, the National Assembly can still cause a government to fall if an absolute majority of the total Assembly membership votes a censorship motion. As a result, the "gouvernement" (Prime Minister and ministers) must be from the same political side as the Assembly and should be supported by a majority there. Periods during which the President of France is not from the same political side as the Prime Minister are known as "cohabitation".

The cabinet has a strong influence in shaping the agenda of Parliament. The government also can link its term to a legislative text which it proposes, and unless a motion of censure is introduced (within 24 hours after the proposal) and passed (within 48 hours of introduction - thus full procedures last at most 72 hours), the text is considered adopted without a vote.

Members of Parliament enjoy parliamentary immunity. Both assemblies have committees that write reports on a variety of topics. If necessary, they can establish parliamentary enquiry commissions with broad investigative power.

History

The French Parliament, as a legislative body, should not confused with the various parlements of the Ancien Régime in France, which were courts of justice and tribunals with certain political functions.

The Parliament, in the modern meaning of the term, appeared in France during the French Revolution. Its form – unicameral, bicameral, or multicameral – and its functions have taken different forms throughout the different political regimes and according to the various French constitutions:

References

:"This article is based on the article Parlement français from the French Wikipedia, retrieved on October 13, 2006."

ee also

*Constitution of France
*Government of France
*Politics of France
*History of France
* Comité d'histoire parlementaire et politique (in French)

External links

* [http://www.parlement.fr Official site of the Parlement français] (in French)
* [http://www.parlements.org Site of the CHPP (Comité d'histoire parlementaire et politique) and of "Parlement(s), Revue d'histoire politique"] (in French)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Members of the European Parliament for France 2009–2014 — Members of the European Parliament from France ECSC Delegation (1952) EP Delegation (1958) 1st Term (1979) 2nd Term (1984) 3rd Term (1989) 4th …   Wikipedia

  • Members of the European Parliament for France 2004–2009 — Members of the European Parliament from France ECSC Delegation (1952) EP Delegation (1958) 1st Term (1979) 2nd Term (1984) 3rd Term (1989) 4th …   Wikipedia

  • Members of the European Parliament for France 1999–2004 — Members of the European Parliament from France ECSC Delegation (1952) EP Delegation (1958) 1st Term (1979) 2nd Term (1984) 3rd Term (1989) 4th …   Wikipedia

  • Parliament — This article is about the legislative institution. For other uses, see Parliament (disambiguation). Parliaments redirects here. For the American style doo wop quintet, see The Parliaments. The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of …   Wikipedia

  • France — • Geography, statistics, and history Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. France     France     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Parliament of Canada — Parlement du Canada 41st Canadian Parliament Type Type …   Wikipedia

  • Parliament of the United Kingdom — of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Type Type Bicameral …   Wikipedia

  • Parliament of the Republic of Moldova — Parlamentul Republicii Moldova Type Type …   Wikipedia

  • Parliament of Montenegro — Skupština Crne Gore Скупштина Црне Горе Type Type …   Wikipedia

  • Parliament (disambiguation) — Parliament can mean:* Parliament a title used for certain legislatures, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. ** Metonymically, the building where a… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.