- U.S. Route 9
Infobox U.S. Route
yrcom=1926 [http://www.us-highways.com/us1830.htm US Highways From US 1 to US 830] Robert V. Droz]
U.S. Route 9 is a north-south
United States highwayin the states of Delaware, New Jersey, and New Yorkin the United States. It is one of only two U.S. highways with a ferry connection (the Cape May-Lewes Ferry, between Lewes, Delaware, and Cape May, New Jersey); the other being US 10. US 9 is signed east-west in Delawareand north-south on the rest of its route. The southern terminus of the route is in Laurel, Delawareat an intersection with U.S. Route 13, while the highway's northern terminus is a dead end in Champlain, NY, just short of the United States-Canada border.
Much of US 9 is a two-lane road, with some expansions near more populous areas. The major exception to this is central and northern New Jersey, where it is a wide four-lane (or six-lane) divided strip, especially during much of its concurrency with U.S. 1 and in Middlesex and Monmouth Counties. New York boasts a few similar sections, as well as two short expressway sections near Albany.
In New Jersey and New York, much of Route 9 runs parallel to nearby superhighways, the
Garden State Parkwayand Interstate 87, respectively. There a few sections in South Jerseyconcurrent with the former, as well.
U.S. Route 9 runs an east-west path through Sussex County,
Delaware, running west from U.S. Route 13in Laurel, passing through Georgetown, east to Lewes, where it leads to the Cape May-Lewes Ferry, which carries U.S. Route 9 across the Delaware Bayto New Jersey. U.S. Route 9 was extended to Delaware by way of the Cape-May Lewes Ferry in the 1970s, replacing Delaware Route 28between Laurel and Georgetown and Delaware Route 18between Georgetown and Lewes. U.S. Route 9 runs concurrent with Delaware Route 404between Georgetown and the Five Points intersection near Lewes.
From Cape May, U.S. 9 runs north parallel to the Parkway, through the
Atlantic City suburbs, until joining it briefly as the two roads enter the Pine Barrens (New Jersey), the vast wild area of the interior of South Jersey. 9 rejoins the Parkway in the Toms Riverarea, and then veers away from it, widening from two lanes into a divided four at Lakewood. It veers far inland to Freehold, home of Bruce Springsteen, who immortalized it in his classic Born to Run," referring to New Jersey teens using the highway for cruising: "Sprung from cages on Highway 9 / Chrome wheeled, fuel injected and steppin' out over the line."
It eventually returns to the Parkway corridor amid increasingly populated areas at Perth Amboy. After crossing the Edison Bridge over the
Raritan River, it merges with US 1 in Woodbridge. The concurrency, an important and busy regional artery, continues past Newark Liberty International Airportand over the Pulaski Skyway, finally leaving the state along with Route 1 and Interstate 95 via the George Washington Bridge.
Overlap with US 1
A large section in northeast New Jersey and a small section in southern New York is concurrent with U.S. Route 1. Route shields on this section, which includes the
Pulaski Skyway, often show both numbers in the same shield, with a dash or ampersand between (1-9 or 1&9). It is known locally as "1 and 9."
U.S. 9 exits shortly after the bridge to become
New York City's Broadway north of it, passing over the northern tip of ManhattanIsland via the toll-free Broadway Bridge, through the Bronxand into Westchester County, where in some towns it follows the old Albany Post Road, which dates from the early days of the nation's existence.
Hudson Riverclosely as a busy surface road through the many suburban river villages and past National Historic Landmarks such as Sunnysideand Kykuit, 9 becomes the Croton Expressway between Croton-on-Hudson and Peekskill. That section ends at the Annsville Circle junction with US 6 and 202, where 9 returns to two-lane status as it follows the old post road inland, away from the river. At Fishkill it becomes a four-lane divided strip again similar to central New Jersey, upgrading to expressway status at the Poughkeepsie city limit. This lasts until the Mid-Hudson Bridge, where it returns to busy surface street status as it goes through Hyde Park and its historic sites.
At Red Hook 9 veers inland again, becoming a two-lane country road through Columbia County save for the outskirts of Hudson. In Rensselaer County it widens again as it intersects I-90 and then joins US 20 to Albany, where it crosses the Hudson at the
Dunn Memorial Bridge. It is a busy surface road through the state capital, becoming a strip in its northern suburbs, taking traffic eventually to Saratoga Springs and Lake George, at the edge of the Adirondack Park.
The Adirondack section of US 9 is the least trafficked of the road, returning to two lanes as it runs through vast tracts of forested wilderness and occasional hamlets. Almost 100 miles (161 km) to the north, it leaves the park and runs along or near
Lake Champlainto Plattsburgh. North of there, it is once again a two-lane road all the way to Champlain and the cul-de-sac just shy of the border.
Prior to the opening of the
Cape May-Lewes Ferryin 1964, US 9 ended on Lafayette Street in Cape May, New Jersey. It was re-routed to the west, via Sandman Boulevard and Lincoln Avenues, to meet the new ferry, and its southern stub into Cape May was renumbered as NJ 109. [http://www.geocities.com/usend0009/End009/end009.htm Endpoints of US highways - US 9] ]
Originally, the road continued north across the border (as Route 9 towards
Montreal) through the customs facilities now used by Interstate 87/Autoroute 15. The official northern terminus (the point where the END US 9 sign is posted) is just south of the interchange with I-87, less than a mile from customs.
New York State Thruwayin Tarrytown
*Interstate 84 near Beacon
Interstate 90in Albany
*Interstate 95 in
New York City. US 9 and Interstate 95 overlap between here and Fort Lee, New Jersey.
Interstate 78at the Newark Airport Interchangein Newark, New Jersey
Interstate 278in Linden, New Jersey
New Jersey Turnpikein Woodbridge, New Jersey
Garden State Parkwayin Woodbridge, New Jersey
*Garden State Parkway in
Sayreville, New Jersey
*Interstate 195 in
Howell, New Jersey
*Garden State Parkway in
Toms River, New Jersey. US 9 and the Garden State Parkway overlap between here and South Toms River, New Jersey.
*Garden State Parkway near
New Gretna, New Jersey. US 9 and the Garden State Parkway overlap between here and Port Republic, New Jersey.
Atlantic City Expresswayin Pleasantville, New Jersey
U.S. Route 109"
U.S. Route 209
U.S. Route 309"
Bannered and suffixed routes
U.S. Route 9W
*"U.S. Route 9 Alternate" in
Toms River, New Jersey
*U.S. Route 1-9 Truck in
Jersey City, New Jersey
*"U.S. Route 1-9 Business" in Jersey City, New Jersey
* U.S. Route 9 Truck in
* U.S. Route 9 Business in
* [http://www.aaroads.com/delaware/us-009.htm Delaware Highways - US 9]
* [http://www.state.nj.us/transportation/refdata/sldiag/00000009__-.pdf NJDOT - US 9]
Straight Line Diagramfor the New Jersey portion of US9 from the New Jersey Department of Transportation
* [http://www.alpsroads.net/roads/nj/log/1.html#9u New Jersey Highways - US 9]
* [http://www.capitalhighways.8m.com/highways/m-ca/ Capital Highways -- Mid-Crosstown Arterial]
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