Pathos

Pathos (pronEng|ˈpeɪːθɒs) ( _el. ) is one of the three modes of persuasion in rhetoric (along with ethos and logos). Pathos appeals to the audience's emotions. It is a part of Aristotle's philosophies in rhetoric. Not to be confused with 'bathos' (βάθος) which is an attempt to perform in a serious, dramatic fashion that fails and ends up becoming comedy.

Emotional appeal can be accomplished in a multitude of ways:
* by a metaphor or story telling, common as a hook,
* by a general passion in the delivery and an overall amount of emotional items in the text of the speech, or in writing.

In rhetoric, 'pathos' is the use of emotional appeals to alter the audience's judgment. A common use of pathos in argument is creating a sense of rejection if the audience doesn't agree. Creating a fear of rejection is in essence, creating a pathos argument.

Many refer to Pathos as the "band-wagon" appeal, or trying to convince the audience to join in on the speaker's belief. By making the statement in a way that cannot be argued, the audience feels driven to believe the speaker's opinion as a fact, thus joining the speaker in the belief that it is a commonly accepted idea. This is a major theme used in any form of propaganda.

Over-emotionalism can be the result of an excess of pathos.

The term is commonly used by critics, especially in positive reference to the dramatic performances of actors.

See also

* Appeal to emotion
* Rhetoric
* Bathos
* Pathetic fallacy

Pathos originated from Aristotle's 'The Art of Rhetoric' in 330 B.C.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pathos — Pathos …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • PATHOS — Évocation de l’expérience humaine dans une représentation propre à faire naître la pitié, la sympathie, chez le lecteur ou le spectateur. Distinct des passions plus élevées de la tragédie, le pathos (du grec pathos : «souffrance, passion») naît,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • pathos — pathos, poignancy, bathos are comparable when they denote the quality found in human situations, or especially in works of art or literature, which moves one to pity or sorrow. Pathos is the common term in critical and literary use; because of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Pathos — est un mot grec qui signifie « souffrance, passion ». Chez Aristote Le pathos désigne un des trois moyens de persuasion du discours dans la rhétorique classique depuis Aristote[1]. Tandis que le pathos est une méthode de persuasion par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pathos — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pathos es un vocablo griego (πάθος) que puede tomar varias acepciones. Es uno de los los tres modos de persuasión en la retórica (junto con el ethos y el logos), según la filosofía de Aristóteles. En la retórica de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pathos — Sn Leidenschaft, überzogener Gefühlsausdruck erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus gr. páthos Leiden, Leidenschaft , zu gr. páschein leiden, erleiden, erdulden . Adjektiv: pathetisch.    Ebenso nndl. pathos, ne. pathos,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • pathos — [pā′thäs΄, pā′thôs΄] n. [Gr pathos, suffering, disease, feeling, akin to pathein, paschein, to suffer, feel < IE base * kwenth , to suffer, endure > OIr cessaim, I suffer] 1. Rare suffering 2. the quality in something experienced or… …   English World dictionary

  • Pathos — Pa thos (p[=a] th[o^]s), n. [L., from Gr. pa qos a suffering, passion, fr. paqei^n, pas chein, to suffer; cf. po nos toil, L. pati to suffer, E. patient.] That quality or property of anything which touches the feelings or excites emotions and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pathos —    pàthos    (s.m.) L oratore, per far sì che l arbitro della situazione penda dalla sua parte, cerca di suscitare un effetto emozionale: il grado più violento di emozione è il pathos, mentre l ethos rappresenta quello più mo­derata. Il pathos è… …   Dizionario di retorica par stefano arduini & matteo damiani

  • Pathos — Pathos: Das Fremdwort für »Leidenschaft, feierliche Ergriffenheit; übertriebene Gefühlsäußerung« wurde Ende des 17. Jh.s aus griech. páthos »Leid, Leiden, Schmerz; Unglück; Leidenschaft« entlehnt, einer Bildung zu griech. páschein »erfahren,… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”