Henry (unit)


Henry (unit)

In physics, and electronics, the henry (symbol H) is the SI unit of inductance[1]. It is named after Joseph Henry (1797–1878), the American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday (1791–1867) in England[2]. The magnetic permeability of the vacuum is 4π×10−7 H/m (henry per meter).

The National Institute of Standards and Technology provides guidance for American users of SI to write the plural as henries.

Definition

If the rate of change of current in a circuit is one ampere per second and the resulting electromotive force is one volt, then the inductance of the circuit is one henry. Other equivalent combinations of SI units are as follows[3]:

\mbox{H} 
= \dfrac{\mbox{m}^2 \cdot \mbox{kg}}{\mbox{s}^{2} \cdot \mbox{A}^2}
= \dfrac{\mbox{J}}{\mbox{A}^2} 
= \dfrac{\mbox{Wb}}{\mbox{A}} 
= \dfrac{\mbox{s}^2}{\mbox{F}} 
= \dfrac{\mbox{V} \cdot \mbox{s}}{\mbox{A}} 
= \dfrac{\mbox{J/C} \cdot \mbox{s}}{\mbox{C/s}} 
= \dfrac{\mbox{J} \cdot \mbox{s}^2}{\mbox{C}^2} 
= \dfrac{\mbox{m}^2 \cdot \mbox{kg}}{\mbox{C}^2}
= \Omega \cdot \mbox{s}

where

A = ampere
C = coulomb
F = farad
J = joule
kg = kilogram
m = meter
s = second
Wb = weber
V = volt
Ω = ohm.

References

See also


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