- Abu al-Fida
region = Damascus scholar
era = Medieval era
color = #B0C4DE
fullname = Abu Al-fida' Isma'il Ibn 'ali
death = AH|732|1331|+
Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi`i
Abu al-Fida ( _ar. أبو الفداء) or Abul Fida Ismail Hamvi (fully Abu Al-fida' Isma'il Ibn 'ali ibn Mahmud Al-malik Al-mu'ayyad 'imad Ad-din, (also
transliteratedAbulfeda, Abu Alfida, and other ways)) (November 1273 – October 27, 1331) was an Arab historian, geographer, and local sultan. Abulfeda crater, on the Moon, is named after him.
Abulfeda was born in
Damascus, where his father Malik ul-Afdal, brother of the prince of Hamah, had fled from the Mongols. He was a descendant of Ayyub, the father of Saladin.
In his boyhood he devoted himself to the study of the "
Qur'an" and the sciences, but from his twelfth year was almost constantly engaged in military expeditions, chiefly against the crusaders.
In 1285 he was present at the assault of a stronghold of the
Knights of St. John, and took part in the sieges of Tripoli, Acre and Qal'at ar-Rum. In 1298 he entered the service of the Mamluk Sultan Malik al-Nasirand after twelve years was invested by him with the governorship of Hama. In 1312 he became prince with the title Malik us-Salhn, and in 1320 received the hereditary rank of "sultan" with the title Malik ul-Mu'ayyad.
For more than twenty years all together he reigned in tranquillity and splendour, devoting himself to the duties of government and to the composition of the works to which he is chiefly indebted for his fame. He was a munificent patron of men of letters, who came in large numbers to his court. He died in 1331.
*"The Concise History of Humanity or Chronicles" (Arabic: "Tarikhu 'l-mukhtasar fi Akhbari 'l-bashar") - "Tarikh Abu al-Fida" (History of Abu al-Fida, his chief historical work is "An Abridgment of the History at the Human Race," in the form of
annalsextending from the creation of the world to the year 1329 ( Constantinople, 2 vols. 1869). His "Geography" is, like much of the history, founded on the works of his predecessors, including the works of Ptolemyand Muhammad al-Idrisi. A long introduction on various geographical matters is followed by twenty-eight sections dealing in tabular form with the chief towns of the world. After each name are given the longitude, latitude, climate, spelling, and then observations generally taken from earlier authors. Parts of the work were published and translated as early as 1650 in Europe.
*"A Sketch of the Countries" (Arabic: "Taqwim al-Buldan")
*A book about medicine named "Kunash"
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Abu l-Fida — (auch Ismail Abu l Feda, arabisch أبو الفداء, DMG Abū l Fidāʾ, lateinisch: Abulfeda, mit vollem Namen Abu l Fidā Ismāʿīl ibn ʿAlī al Ayyūbī ad Dimašqī al Ḥamawī; * 1273 in Damaskus; † 27. Oktober 1331 in Hama) war ein arabischer Chronist… … Deutsch Wikipedia
ABU L-FIDA — AB 樓 L FID (1273 1331) Issu de la dynastie kurde des Ayy bides fondée par Saladin, Ab l Fid naquit à Damas où son père s’était réfugié pour fuir l’invasion des Mongols. Hamat, aux pieds de l’Anti Liban, sur le territoire de l’antique Coelo Syrie … Encyclopédie Universelle
Abū al-Fidāʾ — ▪ Ayyūbid ruler and author in full Abū Al fidāʾ Ismāʿīl Ibn ʿalī Al mālik Al muʾayyad ʿimad Ad dīn , also called Abulfeda born November 1273, Damascus died October 27, 1331, Ḥamāh, Syria Ayyūbid dynasty historian and geographer who… … Universalium
Abu al-Fida — (1273 1331) Abu al Fida was an ethnic Kurd and Syrian prince born into the Ayyubid family. He enjoyed a great reputation as a man of letters. Two of his works in particular stand out: The Mukhtasar tarikh al bashar is a universal history… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Abu al-Fida — Aboul Féda Aboul Féda ou Aboul Réda, en arabe أبو الفداء Abu al Fida (1273 1331) est un historien et un géographe arabe. Né à Damas, Aboul Féda était issu des Ayoubites. Il se distingua à la fois comme écrivain et comme guerrier pendant les… … Wikipédia en Français
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