Acrisius (Ancient Greek: polytonic|Ακρίσιος) was a mythical king of
Argos, and a son of Abas and Aglaea[ Apollodorus. " The Library", [http://www.theoi.com/Text/Apollodorus2.html Book 2] .] (or Ocalea, depending on the author), grandson of Lynceus, great-grandson of Danaus. His twin brother was Proetus, with whom he is said to have quarreled even in the womb of his mother. When Abas died and Acrisius had grown up, he expelled Proetus from his inheritance; but, supported by his father-in-law Iobates, the Lycian, Proetus returned, and Acrisius was compelled to share his kingdom with his brother by giving Tirynsto him, while he retained Argos for himself.
Acrisius and Perseus
Danaë, was prophesied to have a son that would kill him, so Acrisius locked her in a bronze tower (or a cave) when she became fertile. Zeushad intercourse with her in the form of a shower of gold (some accounts say it is her uncle, Proteus, who impregnates her).Citation
last = Schmitz
first = Leonhard
contribution = Acrisius
editor-last = Smith
editor-first = William
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
volume = 1
pages = 14
place = Boston, MA
year = 1867
contribution-url = http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0023.html] Danaë became pregnant with
Perseus. Acrisius put the child and Danaë in a chest and threw it in the sea. Zeus asked Poseidonto calm the water; he did and Danaë and Perseus survived, washing up on the island of Seriphos. A fisherman named Dictys, brother of king Polydectes, found the pair and took care of them. [ Apollodorus, ii. 2. § 1, 4. § 1.] [ Pausanias, ii. 16. § 2, 25. § 6, iii. 13. § 6.] [Hyginus. "Fabulae", 63.] Perseusgrew up to be a hero, killing Medusa and rescuing Andromeda. Perseus and Danaë returned to Argos but King Acrisius had gone to Larissa. When Perseus arrived in Larissa, he participated in some funeral games and accidentally struck Acrisius in the head with a discus, killing him and accomplishing the prophecy.
Founder of Delphic amphictyony
According to the
Scholiaston Euripides, [ Euripides. "Orestes", 1087.] Acrisius was the founder of the Delphic amphictyony. Strabo believes that this amphictyony existed before the time of Acrisius, [ Strabo, ix. p. 420.] and that he was only the first who regulated the affairs of the amphictyons, fixed the towns which were to take part in the council, gave to each its vote, and settled the jurisdiction of the amphictyons. [Comp. Libanius, "Orat." vol. iii. 472, ed. Reiske.]
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