- Military of Denmark
Infobox National Military
name= Danish Defence
native_name = Forsvaret
Queen Margrethe II
minister_title= Defence Minister
commander= Admiral Tim Sloth Jørgensen
commander_title= Chief of Defence
reserve= 12,000 + 51,000 volunteers in the Home Guard
deployed= 1,400 [ [http://forsvaret.dk/FMN/Verdenskort/ Forsvarets Verdenskort] ]
budget= 19.8 billion
percent_GDP= 1.3% (2006)
Royal Danish Army— Hæren (HRN) Royal Danish Navy— Søværnet (SVN) Royal Danish Air Force— Flyvevåbnet (FLV) Danish Home Guard— Hjemmeværnet (HJV)
available= 1,276,087 (2004 est.)
fit= 1,088,751 (2004 est.)
Military history of Denmark
armed forcesof the Kingdom of Denmark, known as the Danish Defence ( _da. Forsvaret) is charged with the defence of the Kingdom of Denmark.
The Chief of Defence is the head of the Danish Armed Forces, and is head of the Defence Command which is managed by the Ministry of Defence. Constitutionally, the
Commander-in-Chiefis the head of state (Queen Margrethe II); in practice, it is the Cabinet. Also, the Cabinet cannot mobilize the armed forces, for purposes that are not strictly defense oriented, without the concent of the Danish parliament, the Folketing.
Denmark also has a concept of
Purpose and task
The purpose and task of the armed forces of Denmark is defined in Law no. 122 of
February 27, 2001and in force since March 1, 2001. It defines 3 purposes and 6 tasks.
Its primary purpose is to prevent conflicts and war, preserve the
sovereigntyof Denmark, secure the continuing existence and integrity of the independent Kingdom of Denmark and further a peaceful development in the world with respect to human rights.
Its primary tasks are;
NATOparticipate in accordance with the strategy of the alliance, detect and repel any sovereignty violation of Danish territory (including Greenlandand the Faroe Islands), defence cooperation with non-NATO members, especially Central and East European countries, international missions in the area of conflict prevention, crises-control, humanitarian, peacemaking, peacekeeping, participate in "Total Defence" in cooperation with civilian resources and finally maintain a sizable force to execute these tasks at all times.
1988, Danish defence budgets and security policy have been set by multi-year agreements supported by a wide parliamentary majority including government and opposition parties. However, public opposition to increases in defence spending — during a period when economic constraints require reduced spending for social welfare — has created differences among the political parties regarding a broadly acceptable level of new defence expenditure.
The latest Defence agreement ("Defence agreement 2005-2009") was signed
June 10, 2004, and calls for a significant re-construction of the entire military. From now about 60% support structure and 40% combat operational capability, it is to be 40% support structure and 60% combat operational capability. E.g. more combat soldiers and fewer 'paper'-soldiers.The reaction speed is increased, with an entire brigadeon standby readiness; the military retains the capability to continually deploy 2,000 soldiers in international service or 5,000 over a short time span. The standard mandatory conscriptionis modified. Generally this means fewer conscripts, less service time for them and only those who choose to will continue into the reaction force system.
The Danish military economy is the fifth largest single economy in the Danish Government (the 2006 Finance law), significantly less than that of the Ministry of Social Affairs (~110 billion
DKK), Ministry of Employment (~67 billion DKK), Ministry of the Interior and Health (~66 billion DKK) and Ministry of Education (~30 billion DKK) and only slightly larger than that of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (~14 billion DKK). This list lists the complete expenditures for the Danish Ministry of Defence.
The Danish defence, counting all branches and all departments, itself has an income equal to about 1–5% of its expenditures, depending on the year. They are not deducted in this listing.
Approximately 95% of the budget goes directly to running the Danish military including the Home guard. Depending on year, 50–53% accounts for payment to personnel, roughly 14–21% on acquiring new material, 2–8% for larger ships, building projects or infrastructure and about 24–27% on other items, including purchasing of goods, renting, maintenance, services and taxes.
The remaining 5% is special expenditures to NATO, branch shared expenditures, special services and civil structures, here in including running the
Danish Maritime Safety Administration, Danish national rescue preparednessand the administration of conscientious objectors (Militærnægteradministrationen).
Danish Agency for Governmental Management(" [http://www.oes.dk/ Økonomi-styrelsen] ") ( [http://www.oes-cs.dk/bevillingslove/] Finance law 1996 to 2006] ) ] [ Danmarks Statistik(1976–1989)]
Denmark has a small and highly specialized military industry, thus rely mostly on foreign import, the vast majority of the equipment is imported from NATO and the Nordic countries.
Royal Danish Army— "Hæren" (HRN)
Royal Danish Navy— "Søværnet" (SVN)
Royal Danish Air Force— "Flyvevåbnet" (FLV)
Danish Home Guard— "Hjemmeværnet" (HJV)1
* Ministry of Defence (FMN)
** Defence Command (FKO/DADEFCOM)
*** Army Operational Command (HOK/DAAROPCOM)
Royal Danish Army Officers Academy(HO)
Admiral Danish Fleet(SOK/ADMDANFLT)
Royal Danish Naval Academy(SOS)
*** Tactical Air Command (FTK)
Royal Danish Air Force Officers School(FLOS)
Danish Defence Acquisition and Logistics Organization(FMT)
Island Command Greenland(GLK/ISCOMGREEN)
Island Command Faroes(FRK/ISCOMFAROES)
Royal Danish Defence College(FAK)
Danish Armed Forces Health Services(FSU)
** Home Guard Command (HJK)
** Defence Intelligence Service (FE/DDIS)
** Judge Advocate Corps (FAUK)
** Defence Information & Welfare Service (FOV)
** Defence Estates & Infrastucture Organisation (FBE)
** Defence Internal Auditor (FIR)
** Emergency Management Agency (BRS/DEMA)
Danish Maritime Safety Administration(FRV)
** Administration of Conscientious Objector (MNA)
Slædepatruljen Sirius— Arctic dog sledunit patrolling the eastern border of Greenland.
Jægerkorpset— Ground based infiltration unit.
* Frømandskorpset —
Amphibiousattack and infiltration unit.
Current deployment of Danish forces:
* Approx. 380 soldiers in
Kosovowho participate in KFOR. [ [http://forsvaret.dk/FKO/Om+Forsvaret/Internationalt/Antal+udsendte/ Antal udsendte] (number of soldiers in foreign countries)]
* More than 700 troops in
Afghanistan, there since the 2001 war that toppled the Taliban.
* The multi-role vessel HDMS "Viben" is part of
UNIFILMAROPS offshore of Lebanon. It is preventing arms smuggle to Lebanon.
* The command and support vessel HDMS "Absalon" (L16) in the
Horn of Africaarea commanding Combined Task Force 150.
Military history of Denmark
Military of Greenland
Scandinavian defence union
* [http://forsvaret.dk/fko/ The Danish Defence]
* [http://forsvaret.dk/hok/ Army Operative Command]
* [http://forsvaret.dk/hmak/ Army Materiel Command]
* [http://www.kamouflage.net/country/00131.php kamouflage.net > Europe > Denmark (Kingdom of Denmark) > index]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.