Inge I of Sweden

Inge I of Sweden

Inge Stenkilsson (Old Norse "Ingi Steinkelsson") was a king of Sweden. He was the son of the former king Stenkil and died c. 1100.citation |author=Dick Harrison |contribution=Inge den äldre | title=Nationalencyklopedin |url=http://databas.bib.vxu.se:2057/jsp/search/article.jsp?i_art_id=211578 ] He shared the rule of the kingdom with his probably elder brother Halsten Stenkilsson [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] [http://www.home.ix.netcom.com/%7Ekyamazak/myth/norse/kershaw/Kershaw1s-hervor-and-heithrek.htm The "Saga of Hervör and Heithrek", in "Stories and Ballads of the Far Past, translated from the Norse (Icelandic and Faroese)", by N. Kershaw.Cambridge at the University Press, 1921.] ] , but little is known with certainty of Inge's reign [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] . According to the contemporary chronicler Adam of Bremen and the writer of his scholion, the former king Stenkil had died and two kings named Eric had ruled and been killed [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] . Then an Anund Gårdske was summoned from Kievan Rus', but rejected due to his refusal to administer the blóts at the Temple at Uppsala [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] . A hypothesis suggests that Anund and Inge were the same person, as several sources mention Inge as a fervent Christian, and the "Hervarar saga" describes how Inge also was rejected for refusing to administer the blóts and that he was exiled in Västergötland [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] :

In a letter to Inge from Pope Gregory VII, from 1080, he is called "king of the Swedes", but in a later letter probably dated to 1081, to Inge and his brother Halsten, they are called kings of the West GeatsThe article "Inge d.ä." in "Nationalencyklopedin".] [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] . Whether this difference reflects a change in territory is not certain since the two letters concern the spreading of Christianity in Sweden and the paying of tithe to the Pope [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] .

However, he returned after three winters to kill Blot-Sweyn and reclaim the throneThe article "Inge d.ä." in "Nationalencyklopedin".] [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] :

A similar story also appears in the "Orkneyinga saga", but in this account, Sweyn stays indoors and is burnt to death:

Inge and the Norwegian king Magnus Barefoot were at war, but they signed a peace agreement at KungahällaThe article "Inge d.ä." in "Nationalencyklopedin".] [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] in 1101 together with Eric Evergood of Denmark [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] . At this meeting he gave his daughter Margareta as wife to king Magnus [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] . In Snorri's "Magnus Barefoot's Saga", a part of the "Heimskringla", there is a description of the appearance of Inge:

According to the "Westrogothic law", Inge ruled Sweden with virility and he never broke the laws that had been accepted in the districts [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] . The "Hervarar saga", tells that he died of old age [http://www.home.ix.netcom.com/%7Ekyamazak/myth/norse/kershaw/Kershaw1s-hervor-and-heithrek.htm The "Saga of Hervör and Heithrek", in "Stories and Ballads of the Far Past, translated from the Norse (Icelandic and Faroese)", by N. Kershaw.Cambridge at the University Press, 1921.] ] , but the date of his death is not known [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] .

Together with his wife Helena, Inge founded the monastery of Vreta [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] . Inge had spent much of his youth in Russia at Staraja LadogaFact|date=February 2007. While in Russia he married his wife, Helena. Her origin is unknown but she was probably Russian or GreekFact|date=February 2007. Their children were:
# Kristina, married Grand Duke Mstislav I of Kiev [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] , and ancestress of several Kievan and Novgorod princes.Fact|date=February 2007
# Ragnvald, who died before his father and who was the father of Ingrid who first was married to the Danish prince Eric Skatelar and later to the Norwegian king Harald Gille [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] . She was the mother of pretender (and alleged murderer) Magnus HenrikssonFact|date=February 2007
# Margareta Fredkulla, married (1) Magnus Barefoot king of Norway, and later to king Niels of Denmark [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] ; through her second marriage, she was the mother of King Magnus the Strong of Västergötland and claimant of DenmarkFact|date=February 2007
# Katarina, married a Danish "Son of King", Björn Ironside Haraldsson [http://runeberg.org/nfbl/0346.html The article "Inge" in "Nordisk familjebok" (1910).] ] with whom she had a daughter Christina Bjornsdatter who married the future Eric IX of Sweden.Fact|date=February 2007

An Icelandic skald named Markús Skeggjason was one of his court poets, according to "Skáldatal". Markús was later the lawspeaker of Iceland.

He was succeeded by his two nephews Philip and Inge the Younger. [http://www.home.ix.netcom.com/%7Ekyamazak/myth/norse/kershaw/Kershaw1s-hervor-and-heithrek.htm The "Saga of Hervör and Heithrek", in "Stories and Ballads of the Far Past, translated from the Norse (Icelandic and Faroese)", by N. Kershaw.Cambridge at the University Press, 1921.] ]

Notes and references

Bibliography

*Soloviev, Sergei. "The History of Russia from the Most Ancient Times", 1959-1966
*William, Abbot of Ebelholt. "Scriptores Historiae Danicae Minores", 1195
*Hervarar saga [http://www.northvegr.org/lore/oldheathen/029.php]


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