Police station

A police station (also called stationhouse) is a building which serves as the headquarters of a police force or unit which serves a specific district. These buildings contain offices and accommodation for personnel and vehicles such as locker rooms, temporary holding cells, and interview/interrogation rooms.

Regional substations

Large departments may have many stations to cover the area they serve. The names used for these facilities include:

*Detachment for local facilities of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Ontario Provincial Police
*District offices are used by the California Highway Patrol
*Division by the Toronto Police Service, Los Angeles Police Department and the London Metropolitan Police Service.
*Precinct or precinct house for regional facilities of the New York City Police Department and other urban police departments in the United States
*Substations are used by many departments, especially county sheriffs
*Police stations in India. A police station would typically be under the command of a Sub-Inspector. In case of a police station being the headquarters of a Police Circle, the Inspector's office would be clearly demarcated (and most likely in a separate building).

Great Britain

The county constabularies in Great Britain used to be organised on village lines.Fact|date=April 2008 Most villages of any size (and even many small villages and hamlets) had a police station, often called a "police house", which was staffed by a single constable, who lived there with his family.Fact|date=April 2008 The constable could be called out by the locals at any time of the day or night and during the day also patrolled the village and surrounding area on a bicycle. These local police stations were grouped together into sections under a sergeant, whose station was known as a "sergeant's station". This was usually a larger station in a large village or small town (one such example being Leyland police station, staffed by one or more constables as well as the sergeant; although in very rural areas it may have been just another single-officer police house. Larger towns in the county constabulary areas had police stations staffed by a number of officers, often under the command of an inspector or superintendent, usually also commanding a sub-division or division respectively, and therefore giving the names of "sub-divisional station" or "divisional station" to their stations.

Organisation of police stations in the UK

In the United Kingdom, police stations may have:
* Uniformed police officers who respond to 999 calls and provide community policing.cite book |title= Armed Police, The Police Use of Firearms since 1945 |last=Waldren |first=Michael J. |authorlink= |coauthors= |year= 2007 |publisher= Sutton |location= England |isbn= 0750946377 |pages= 224]
* Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) who patrol the community (excluding Northern Ireland, and Scotland).
* Traffic Wardens who enforce parking regulations.
* Crime Reduction Officers who are tasked with attending public functions, visiting households with advice and handing out items such as rape alarms.
* A Firearms Enquiries Officer, responsible for firearms certificates and related duties.
* Station Reception Officers (SROs) who are in charge of the front desk and do administration.
* Fingerprinting and Identification Officers who deal with Criminal Identities for Archives.
* In Metropolitan Police stations, police cadets may help regular officers, PCSOs or any police staff.
* Special Constables, Sergeants and Inspectors will be present. A Special is a part-time unpaid fully-trained Police Officer with powers of arrest.
* Smaller stations usually have a number of Detective Constables (DCs) headed by a Detective Sergeant (DS), or in larger stations DCs, DSs and Detective Inspectors (DIs) are present, with the Detective Chief Inspector (DCI) in charge of the department.
* Most stations have holding cells where an arrested offender can be held overnight until escort to the court for sentencing.
* An Authorised Firearms Officer (AFO) may be present at the station if it is central to that operational area.
* Police stations also have kitchens to aid the officers during shifts.

Most city police stations use two types of police vehicle - response cars, which respond to 999 calls and carry a range of equipment to deal with incidents, and Panda cars, which are usually less-capable cars and generally used for community policing.

See also

* Custody suite

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Police station — Police Po*lice , n. [F., fr. L. politia the condition of a state, government, administration, Gr. ?, fr. ? to be a citizen, to govern or administer a state, fr. ? citizen, fr. ? city; akin to Skr. pur, puri. Cf. {Policy} polity, {Polity}.] 1. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • police station — police stations N COUNT: oft in names A police station is the local office of a police force in a particular area. Two police officers arrested him and took him to Kensington police station …   English dictionary

  • police station — ► NOUN ▪ the office of a local police force …   English terms dictionary

  • police station — n. the headquarters of a local or district police force …   English World dictionary

  • police station */ — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms police station : singular police station plural police stations the building where the local police force works …   English dictionary

  • police station — police headquarters for a particular district, from which police officers are dispatched and to which persons under arrest are brought. Also called station house. [1840 50] * * * …   Universalium

  • police station — police′ sta tion n. the police headquarters for a particular district Also called station house • Etymology: 1840–50 …   From formal English to slang

  • police station — police headquarters …   English contemporary dictionary

  • police station — noun a station that serves as headquarters for police in a particular district; serves as a place from which policemen are dispatched and to which arrested persons are brought • Syn: ↑police headquarters, ↑station house • Hypernyms: ↑station •… …   Useful english dictionary

  • police station — po lice .station n the local office of the police in a town, part of a city etc …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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