- Police station
A police station (also called stationhouse) is a
buildingwhich serves as the headquartersof a policeforce or unit which serves a specific district. These buildings contain offices and accommodation for personnel and vehicles such as locker rooms, temporary holding cells, and interview/interrogation rooms.
Large departments may have many stations to cover the area they serve. The names used for these facilities include:
*Detachment for local facilities of the
Royal Canadian Mounted Policeand the Ontario Provincial Police
*District offices are used by the
California Highway Patrol
*Division by the
Toronto Police Service, Los Angeles Police Departmentand the London Metropolitan Police Service.
*Precinct or precinct house for regional facilities of the
New York City Police Departmentand other urban police departments in the United States
*Substations are used by many departments, especially county
*Police stations in
India. A police station would typically be under the command of a Sub-Inspector. In case of a police station being the headquarters of a Police Circle, the Inspector's office would be clearly demarcated (and most likely in a separate building).
The county constabularies in
Great Britainused to be organised on villagelines.Fact|date=April 2008 Most villages of any size (and even many small villages and hamlets) had a police station, often called a "police house", which was staffed by a single constable, who lived there with his family.Fact|date=April 2008 The constable could be called out by the locals at any time of the day or night and during the day also patrolled the village and surrounding area on a bicycle. These local police stations were grouped together into sections under a sergeant, whose station was known as a "sergeant's station". This was usually a larger station in a large village or small town (one such example being Leyland police station, staffed by one or more constables as well as the sergeant; although in very rural areas it may have been just another single-officer police house. Larger towns in the county constabulary areas had police stations staffed by a number of officers, often under the command of an inspectoror superintendent, usually also commanding a sub-division or division respectively, and therefore giving the names of "sub-divisional station" or "divisional station" to their stations.
Organisation of police stations in the UK
In the United Kingdom, police stations may have:
* Uniformed police officers who respond to 999 calls and provide community policing.cite book |title= Armed Police, The Police Use of Firearms since 1945 |last=Waldren |first=Michael J. |authorlink= |coauthors= |year= 2007 |publisher= Sutton |location= England |isbn= 0750946377 |pages= 224]
Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) who patrol the community (excluding Northern Ireland, and Scotland).
Traffic Wardens who enforce parking regulations.
* Crime Reduction Officers who are tasked with attending public functions, visiting households with advice and handing out items such as rape alarms.
Firearms Enquiries Officer, responsible for firearms certificates and related duties.
* Station Reception Officers (SROs) who are in charge of the front desk and do administration.
* Fingerprinting and Identification Officers who deal with Criminal Identities for Archives.
Metropolitan Policestations, police cadets may help regular officers, PCSOs or any police staff.
* Special Constables, Sergeants and Inspectors will be present. A Special is a part-time unpaid fully-trained Police Officer with powers of arrest.
* Smaller stations usually have a number of Detective Constables (DCs) headed by a Detective Sergeant (DS), or in larger stations DCs, DSs and Detective Inspectors (DIs) are present, with the Detective Chief Inspector (DCI) in charge of the department.
* Most stations have holding cells where an arrested offender can be held overnight until escort to the court for sentencing.
Authorised Firearms Officer(AFO) may be present at the station if it is central to that operational area.
* Police stations also have kitchens to aid the officers during shifts.
Most city police stations use two types of police vehicle - response cars, which respond to 999 calls and carry a range of equipment to deal with incidents, and
Panda cars, which are usually less-capable cars and generally used for community policing.
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