Ambracia

Ambracia, occasionally "Ampracia" (Greek: ancient Ἀμπρακία; modern Αμβρακία), was an ancient Corinthian colony, situated about 7 miles from the Ambracian Gulf in Greece, on a bend of the navigable river Arachthos (or Aratthus), in the midst of a fertile wooded plain.It was founded between 650 and 625 BC by Gorgus, son of the Corinthian tyrant Cypselus. After the expulsion of Gorgus's son Periander its government developed into a strong democracy. The early policy of Ambracia was determined by its loyalty to Corinth (for which it probably served as an entrepot in the Epirus trade), its consequent aversion to Corcyra, and its frontier disputes with the Amphilochians and Acarnanians. Hence it took a prominent part in the Peloponnesian War until the crushing defeat at Idomene (426) crippled its resources.

In the 4th century it continued its traditional policy, but in 338 surrendered to Philip II of Macedon. After forty-three years of autonomy under Macedonian suzerainty it became the capital of Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, who adorned it with palace, temples and theatres. In the wars of Philip V of Macedon and the Epirotes against the Aetolian league (220-205) Ambracia passed from one alliance to the other, but ultimately joined the latter confederacy. During the struggle of the Aetolians against Rome it stood a stubborn siege.

After its capture and plunder by M. Fulvius Nobilior in 189, it fell into insignificance. The foundation by Augustus of Nicopolis, into which the remaining inhabitants were drafted, left the site desolate. In Byzantine times a new settlement took its place under the name of Arta. Some fragmentary walls of large, well-dressed blocks near this latter town indicate the early prosperity of Ambracia.

Ambraciotes

Artists

*Epigonus of Ambracia, 6th c.BC musician
*Nicocles, auletes
*Hippasus, tragic actor
*Epicrates of Ambracia, 4th c.BC comic poet [http://books.google.com/books?id=HrPd7zRmDu0C&pg=PA204&dq=Epicrates+comic+poet]

Athletes

*Sophron, Stadion Olympics 432 BC [ Chronicon (Eusebius),Diodorus-> [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&q=Sophron+of+Ambracia+&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wp] ]
*Tlasimachus, Tethrippon and Synoris Olympics 296 BC [Phlegon of Tralles,Olympiads-> [http://www.google.com/search?um=1&q=Tlasimachus+&sa=N&tab=pw] ]
*Andromachus, Stadion Olympics 60 BC [Chronicon (Eusebius) [http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=++180th+%5B60+B.C.%5D+-+Andromachus+of+Ambracia+&btnG=Search] ]

Various

*Silanus of Ambracia, 5th c.BC seer
*Cleombrotus of Ambracia, student of Plato [http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Cleombrotus+of+Ambracia+Agathias+Callimachus+Plato&btnG=Search]

References

*1911


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ambracia — AMBRACIA, æ, Gr. Ἀμβρακία, ας, (⇒ Tab. XIV.) des Apollo Tochter, von der die Stadt Ambracia in Epirus den Namen führete. Ant. Liberal. Met. c. 4 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Ambracia — Ambracĭa (Ambrakia), alte Stadt in Epirus, am Arachthos, nördl. Zufluß des Ambrakischen Golfs (Busen von Arta), eine korinth. Kolonie, das heutige Arta …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • AMBRACIA — civitas nobilis Thesprotiae, Epiri, iuxta Acherontem fluv. ad Ambraceo Thesproti filio dicta, prius Epuia, et Paralia, Larta vulgo vel Ambrachia: longirud. 46. 40. latirud. 39. 29. Pyrrhi regia finit, quam Alexander M. liberam esse iussit,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Epigonus of Ambracia — (Greek:Επίγονος Αμβρακιώτης) (6th century BC) was a Greek musician from Ambracia in South Epirus, who was admitted to a citizenship at Sicyon, where he lived, performed and taught. The Epigonion (string instrument) was invented, or at least… …   Wikipedia

  • Epicrates of Ambracia — (Greek: Επικράτης Αμβρακιώτης), was an Ambraciote who lived in Athens, a comic poet of the Middle Comedy, ac­cording to the testimony of Athenaeus (x. p. 422, f.), confirmed by extant fragments of his plays, in which he ridicules Plato and his… …   Wikipedia

  • Silanus of Ambracia — Silanus (Greek: Σιλανός) of Ambracia was a soothsayer in Xenophon s Anabasis . In 401 BC, he accompanied Cyrus the Younger in an expedition against Artaxerxes. When Silanus provided Cyrus with a successful prediction, he was rewarded with 3000… …   Wikipedia

  • АМБРАКИЯ —    • Ambracia,          Άμβρακία, Άμπρακία, н. Арта, значительный город в эпирской области Феспротиде невдалеке от Арахфа, в 80 стадиях к северу от берега залива, называвшегося по имени города Амбракийским: sinus Ambracius (залив Арты); ок. 660 г …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • List of ancient Epirotes — This list refers to inhabitants of Ancient Epirus Mythology*Ambrax, Ambracia *Chaon *Echetus King of Epirus. *Epirus (mythology),Theban,died in Epirus. *Kallidike Queen of Thesprotians wife of Odysseus *Molossus *Thesprotus *Tyrimmas, King of… …   Wikipedia

  • Anfiloquía — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Anfiloquía fue un distrito de la costa del Golfo de Ambracia, en la antigua Grecia. Tenía al norte a Ambracia y al sur a los agreos y no se extendía hacia el interior. Estaba poblada por los anfiloquios que podrían… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arta — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos del término, ver Arta (desambiguación) 39°9′28″N 20°59′12″E / 39.15778 …   Wikipedia Español

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