Fudan University

Fudan University

Infobox University
name = Fudan University
motto = 博学而笃志,切问而近思


image_size = 200px
established = 1905
type = Public
president = Wang Shenghong
city = Shanghai
country = China
students =44,300
undergrad = 15,700
postgrad = 11,000 (Ph.D. 3,500 Master 7,500)
faculty = 2,300
campus = Suburban, 623 acres
website = [http://www.fudan.edu.cn/ www.fudan.edu.cn]

Fudan University (zh-stp|s=复旦大学|t=復旦大學|p=Fùdàn Dàxué), located in Shanghai, China, is one of the oldest, most prestigious and most selective
universities in the People's Republic of China. Its institutional predecessor was founded in 1905, shortly before the end of China's imperial Qing dynasty. It is a comprehensive university highly ranked in physical and social sciences.

History

Initially known as Fudan Public School or Fudan College in 1905. The two Chinese characters Fudan (復旦) were chosen by the distinguished educator in modern Chinese history, Father Ma Xiangbo S.J. (马相伯), from the Confucian Classics (《尚书大传•虞夏传》): "Itinerant as the twilight, sun glows and moon luminesces". In 1911 during the Xinhai Revolution the college was taken up as the headquarters of the Guangfu Army and closed down for almost one year. The university motto comes from Analects Book 19.6(《論語•子張》): 博學而篤志,切問而近思, which means "to learn extensively and adhere to aspirations, to inquire earnestly and reflect with self application".

In 1917, Fudan Public School became a private university named the Private Fudan University (私立復旦大學), and also had a middle school and university-preparatory school. In 1929, Fudan adjusted its department, expanded to include Journalism Department, Municipals Department, Law Department and Education Department, totalling 17 departments devoted to Arts, Science, Law and Business.

When the Second Sino-Japanese War started in 1937, Fudan moved with the Kuomintang to the inland city of Beibei, Chongqing, later the temporary capital. On December 25, 1941, the First Meeting of Fifth Conference of the Highest Executive Authority of the National Government of the Republic of China voted to change Fudan University (Chongqing) to a public university with Wu Nanxuan as its president. Fudan University then became National Fudan University (國立復旦大學). Five years later, with the Chinese victory in the war, it moved back to Shanghai.

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Fudan lost its "National" appellation and became Fudan University to reflect the fact that all universities under the new socialist state would be public. Fudan was the first university to be adjusted by the new government in 1952 and modelled on Soviet education. The original departments were changed, and Arts and Science departments from at least ten other universities in eastern China were added. This not only added to basic academic offerings of Fudan, but also gathered many talented academics from Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and Shanghai, including Su Buqing, Chen Jiangong, Tan Jiazhen, and Lu Hefu.

In the 1970s, after the Cultural Revolution, the university was changed to a modern, comprehensive-style university.

Fudan University and Shanghai Medical University were merged on April 27, 2000.

Present

Fudan University comprises 17 full-time schools, 69 departments, 73 bachelor's degree programs, 22 disciplines and 134 sub-disciplines authorized to confer Ph. D. degrees, 201 master degree programs, 6 professional degree programs, 7 Key Social Science Research Centers of Ministry of Education P.R.C, 9 National Basic Science Research and Training Institutes and 25 post-doctoral research stations. It has 40 national key disciplines granted by the Ministry of Education P.R.C, nationally third. At present, it compasses 77 research institutes, 112 cross-disciplinary research institutes and 5 national key laboratories.

Currently, Fudan University enrolls over 45,000, including full-time students and students in Continuing Education and Online Education. Additionally, there are nearly 1,760 students from overseas; second nationally.

Fudan University has a high-level research faculty of over 2,400 full-time teachers and researchers, including 1,350 professors and associate professors, 30 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, nearly 660 doctoral supervisors, 26 Special professors and 2 lecture professors of "Cheungkong Scholars Program", 3 distinguished professors and 10 special professors of Fudan University, 6 principal scientists of Project 973 and 25 “Young Experts with Prominent Contributions to the Country”. Also, Fudan University has eight teaching hospitals, such as Zhongshan Hospital and Huashan Hospital, integrating medical service, medicine education and research. These hospitals own advanced mechanisms and sophisticated skills, over 900 staff with advanced and associate advanced position, creating a good condition for medicine education.

Fudan is a member of Universitas 21, an international consortium of research-driven universities, and is considered as one of the top 5 universities in China.

The Guanghua Twin Towers [光华楼] , standing in the center of the campus reach 140.5 meters high, which are reportedly the highest buildings ever constructed in a university campus in China.

Presidents

*1905-1906 Ma Xiangbo (马相伯)
*1906-1907 Yan Fu (严复)
*1907-1909 Xia Jing'guan (夏敬观)
*1909-1910 Gao Fengqian (高凤谦)
*1910-1912 Ma Xiangbo (马相伯)
*1913-1936 Li Denghui (李登辉)
*1918 Tang Luyuan (唐路园)
*1924-1925 Guo Renyuan (郭任远)
*1936-1940 Qian Xinzhi (钱新之)
*1940-1943 Wu Nanxuan (吴南轩)
*1943-1949 Zhang Yi (章益)
*1949-1977 Chen Wangdao (陈望道)
*1977-1983 Su Buqing (苏步青)
*1983-1988 Xie Xide (谢希德)
*1988-1993 Hua Zhongyi (华中一)
*1993-1999 Fujia Yang (杨福家)
*1999- Wang Shenghong (王生洪)

Notable people

Notable Fudan alumni

Government/politics

*Yu Youren (于右任), politician of Republic of China.
*Shao Lizi (邵力子), politician.
*Li Lanqing (李岚清), vice prime minister of PRC.
*Tang Jiaxuan (唐家璇), foreign minister of PRC.
*Chen Zhili (陈至立), minister of education of PRC.
*Wang Huning (王沪宁), political scientist and main advisor to President Jiang Zemin.
*Li Yuanchao (李源潮), CPC Organization Department chief

Arts

*Chen Yinke (陈寅恪), linguist.
*Xu Fancheng (徐梵澄), scholar, poet and artist.

Mathematics and science

*Zhu Kezhen (竺可桢), meteorologist, educator, Ph.D from Harvard University.
*Tong Dizhou (童第周), biologist.
*Fujia Yang (杨福家 Yang Fujia), physicist and university administrator, the chancellor of the University of Nottingham.
* [http://www.fudan.edu.cn/new_teach/lidaqian.htm Li Ta-tsien] (李大潜 Li Daqian), mathematician and [http://www.academie-sciences.fr/membres/L/liste_alphabetique_L.htm member of the French Academy of Sciences] .
* [http://www.stanford.edu/group/arpes/zxshen.html Shen Zhi-Xun] (沈志勋), physicist, Ph.D from Stanford University and now a professor at Stanford University.
* [http://so5.stanford.edu/ Zhang Shou-Cheng] (张首晟), physicist, Ph.D from the State University of New York at Stony Brook and now a professor at Stanford University.
* [http://math.stanford.edu/~jli/ Li Jun] (李俊), mathematician, Ph.D from Harvard University and now a professor at Stanford University.
* [http://www.math.pku.edu.cn/teachers/dayue/ Chen Dayue] (陈大岳), mathematician and statistician, Ph.D from UCLA and now a professor at Beijing University.
* [http://www.ieor.columbia.edu/~yao/ David D. Yao] (姚大卫 Yao Dawei), Ph.D from University of Toronto and now a professor at Columbia University.
* [http://www.rhsmith.umd.edu/marketing/faculty/foutz.html Ying Natasha Zhang (Natasha Foutz)] Ph.D from the Johnson School at Cornell University and now a professor of management at the [http://www.rhsmith.umd.edu/ R.H Smith School of Business] Specializing in Advanced Statistical Techniques Like Dynamic Programming (MPNE,Bayesian DLM)] .
* [http://mba.yale.edu/faculty/professors/li.shtml Li Lode] (李乐德), Ph.D from the Kellogg School at Northwestern University and now a professor of management at the Yale School of Management.
*Zhang Ming (张明), physicist from MIT.
*Charles Burton, Political Scientist from Brock University in Canada.
*Daniel J. Liu (Jia Liu, 刘嘉), polymer scientist, Texas A&M University.
*Junying Yuan, Biologist, Ph.D. from Harvard University and now a professor at Harvard University.
*Xu Tian(许田), Biologist, Ph.D. from Yale University and now a professor at Yale University.
*Wei Yang, Biologist, Ph.D. from Columbia university and now a senior investigator at NIH.
*Zucai Suo, Biochemist, Ph.D. from The Pennsylvania State University and now a professor at The Ohio State University.
* [http://www.stat.harvard.edu/faculty_page.php?page=meng.html Xiao Li Meng] , mathematician and statistician, Ph.D from Harvard University and now professor at Harvard University

Notable Fudan professors

*Ma Yinchu (马寅初 1882-1982), economist, Ph.D from Columbia University.
*Lu Simian (吕思勉 1884-1957), historian.
*Gu Jiegang (顾颉刚 1893-1980), historian.
*Su Buqing (苏步青 1902-2003), mathematician, Ph.D from Tohoku University.
*Chen Jiangong (陈建功), mathematician, Ph.D from Tohoku University.
*Wang Fushan (王福山), physicist, Ph.D from University of Leipzig, Heisenberg's graduate student.
*Zhou Tongqing (周同庆), physicist, Ph.D from Princeton University.
*Liang Zongdai (梁宗岱)
*Tan Jiazhen (谈家桢), geneticist, Ph.D from Caltech. He established the first genetics program in China.
*Xie Xide (谢希德), physicist, Ph.D from MIT.
*Lu Hefu (卢鹤绂), physicist, Ph.D from University of Minnesota.
*Gu Chaohao (谷超豪), mathematician, Ph.D from Moscow State University.
*Tan Qixiang (谭其骧), historian.
* [http://sitemason.vanderbilt.edu/site/i96NXi Xia Daoxing] (夏道行), mathematician and professor of mathematics at Vanderbilt University.

Partnerships

Fudan University a member of the Consortium of Academic Stewards for The Scholar Ship. The University is also a member of China Center Austria and partner of the Austrian Business School

Fudan University is also a member of Universitas 21, which is an association of leading universities worldwide. Universitas 21 grants members of staff and students from the university many exchange chances and opportunities to research abroad.

ee also

*Auto-ID Labs
*List of universities in Mainland China
*Asia Technology Initiative
* [http://fudan.6dxy.com/ 3d map]

External links

* [http://www.fudan.edu.cn/ Official website]


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