Chief of Naval Operations
Chief of Naval Operations

Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert (CNO).jpg

Incumbent:
ADM Jonathan W. Greenert
since: September 23, 2011
First ADM William S. Benson
Formation May 11, 1915
Website Official Website

US-ChiefOfNavalOperations-Flag.svg

The Chief of Naval Operations (acronym: CNO) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 5033) held by a four-star admiral in the United States Navy, and is the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Navy. The office is a military adviser and deputy to the Secretary of the Navy. In a separate capacity as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (10 U.S.C. § 151) the CNO is a military adviser to the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President. The Chief of Naval Operations is typically the highest ranking officer on active-duty in the U.S. Navy unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are naval officers.

The Chief of Naval Operations is an administrative position based in the Pentagon, and while the CNO does not have operational command authority over Naval forces as the title implies (that is nowdays within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who report to the Secretary of Defense), the CNO does exercise supervision of Navy organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Navy.

The current Chief of Naval Operations is Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert.

Contents

Responsibilities

Department of the Navy

Seal of the Chief of Naval Operations.

The CNO reports directly to the Secretary of the Navy for the command, utilization of resources and operating efficiency of the operating forces of the Navy and of the Navy shore activities assigned by the Secretary.[1] Under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy, the CNO also designates naval personnel and naval resources to the commanders of Unified Combatant Commands.[2][3] The CNO also performs all other functions prescribed under 10 U.S.C. § 5033 and those assigned by the secretary[2] or delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in his administration under his name. Like the other joint chiefs, the CNO is an administrative position and has no operational command authority over United States naval forces.[1]

Joint Chiefs of Staff

The CNO is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[4], and is thus the principal adviser to the President of the United States, the Secretary of Defense and to the National Security Council on the conduct of naval warfare.[1]

Office of the Chief of Naval Operations

The Chief of Naval Operations presides over the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OpNav)[5], which is one of three headquarters staffs in Department of the Navy (the others being the Office of the Secretary of the Navy and Headquarters Marine Corps.)

Appointment

The Chief of Naval Operations is nominated by the President for appointment and must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate.[6] A requirement for being Chief of Naval Operations is having significant experience in joint duty assignments, which includes at least one full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment as a flag officer.[6] However, the president may waive those requirements if he determines the officer is necessary for national interest.[6] By statute, the CNO is appointed as a four-star admiral.[6]

Former Official Residence

Number One Observatory Circle, located on the northeast grounds of the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, was built in 1893 for its superintendent. The Chief of Naval Operations liked the house so much that in 1923 he took over the house as his own official residence. It remained the residence of the CNO until 1974, when Congress authorized its transformation to an official residence for the Vice President.[7]

List of Chiefs of Naval Operations (1915-Present)

The position of CNO replaced the position of Aide for Naval Operations, which was a position established by administrative law rather than statute.

Mullen (CNO in December 2006) with some of his predecessors: Clark, Watkins, Hayward and Johnson
Chief of Naval Operations Photo Term began Term ended
1 ADM William S. Benson William S. Benson.jpg May 11, 1915 September 25, 1919
2 ADM Robert E. Coontz Robert E. Coontz.jpg November 1, 1919 July 21, 1923
3 ADM Edward W. Eberle Edward Walter Eberle.jpg July 21, 1923 November 14, 1927
4 ADM Charles F. Hughes Charles Frederick Hughes.jpg November 14, 1927 September 17, 1930
5 ADM William V. Pratt William Veazie Pratt.jpg September 17, 1930 June 30, 1933
6 ADM William H. Standley William H Standley.jpg July 1, 1933 January 1, 1937
7 FADM William D. Leahy William Leahy cropped.jpg January 2, 1937 August 1, 1939
8 ADM Harold R. Stark Harold Rainsford Stark.jpg August 1, 1939 March 2, 1942
9 FADM Ernest J. King FADM Ernest J. King.jpg March 2, 1942 December 15, 1945
10 FADM Chester W. Nimitz Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz portrait.jpg December 15, 1945 December 15, 1947
11 ADM Louis E. Denfeld Louis E. Denfeld - Project Gutenberg etext 20587.jpg December 15, 1947 November 2, 1949
12 ADM Forrest P. Sherman Forrest P SHerman.jpg November 2, 1949 July 22, 1951
13 ADM William M. Fechteler William Fechteler.jpg August 16, 1951 August 17, 1953
14 ADM Robert B. Carney Robert Bostwick Carney.jpg August 17, 1953 August 17, 1955
15 ADM Arleigh A. Burke Arleigh Burke 1951.jpg August 17, 1955 August 1, 1961
16 ADM George W. Anderson Jr. Georgewandersonjr(big).gif August 1, 1961 August 1, 1963
17 ADM David L. McDonald David L McDonald.jpg August 1, 1963 August 1, 1967
18 ADM Thomas H. Moorer ADM Thomas Moorer.JPG August 1, 1967 July 1, 1970
19 ADM Elmo R. Zumwalt Elmo Zumwalt.jpg July 1, 1970 June 29, 1974
20 ADM James L. Holloway III James Holloway III.jpg June 29, 1974 July 1, 1978
21 ADM Thomas B. Hayward ThomasBHayward.jpg July 1, 1978 June 30, 1982
22 ADM James D. Watkins Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEG June 30, 1982 June 30, 1986
23 ADM Carlisle A.H. Trost Admiral Carlisle Trost, official military photo.JPEG July 1, 1986 June 29, 1990
24 ADM Frank B. Kelso II Admiral Frank Kelso, official military photo.JPEG June 29, 1990 April 23, 1994
25 ADM Jeremy M. Boorda Jeremy M. Boorda.jpg April 23, 1994 May 16, 1996
26 ADM Jay L. Johnson Admiral Jay Johnson, official military photo.JPEG May 16, 1996 July 21, 2000
27 ADM Vern Clark VernClark.jpg July 21, 2000 July 22, 2005
28 ADM Michael Mullen Admiral Michael Mullen, official Navy photograph.jpg July 22, 2005 September 29, 2007
29 ADM Gary Roughead ADM Gary Roughead CNO.jpg September 29, 2007 September 23, 2011
30 ADM Jonathan W. Greenert Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert (CNO).jpg September 23, 2011 "Present"

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c "The US Navy". http://www.navy.mil/navydata/leadership/cno_resp.asp. Retrieved September 24, 2007. 
  2. ^ a b [1] 10 USC 5013(f). Secretary of the Navy
  3. ^ [2] 10 USC 165. Combatant commands: administration and support
  4. ^ [3] 10 USC 151. Joint Chiefs of Staff: composition; functions
  5. ^ navy.mil Chief of Naval Operations − Responsibilities. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  6. ^ a b c d "10 USC 5033. Chief of Naval Operations". http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode10/usc_sec_10_00005033----000-.html. Retrieved September 24, 2007. 
  7. ^ "The Vice President's Residence". http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/vp_residence/. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chief Of Naval Operations — Drapeau du Chef des Opérations Navales Le Chief of Naval Operations ou CNO (Chef des Opérations Navales) est un titre attribué dans l United States Navy à un amiral (quatre étoiles), subordonné direct du Secrétaire à la Marine, en charge de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chief of naval operations — Drapeau du Chef des Opérations Navales Le Chief of Naval Operations ou CNO (Chef des Opérations Navales) est un titre attribué dans l United States Navy à un amiral (quatre étoiles), subordonné direct du Secrétaire à la Marine, en charge de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chief of Naval Operations — Drapeau du Chef des Opérations Navales Le Chief of Naval Operations ou CNO (chef des opérations navales) est un titre attribué dans l United States Navy à un amiral (quatre étoiles), subordonné direct du Secrétaire à la Marine, en charge de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chief of Naval Operations — Das Siegel des Chief of Naval Operations …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chief of Naval Operations — Chief′ of Na′val Opera tions n. mil the highest officer in the U.S. Navy and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff • Etymology: 1910–15 …   From formal English to slang

  • chief of naval operations — Date: 1915 the ranking officer of the navy and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Chief of Naval Operations — the highest officer in the U.S. Navy and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. [1910 15] * * * …   Universalium

  • Chief of Naval Operations — the highest officer in the U.S. Navy and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. [1910 15] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chief of Naval Operations (Honorverse) — Chief of Naval Operations is the senior military officer in the People s Navy under the Legislaturalists. It is a cabinet level position, and answers to the Secretary of War. The last person to hold this position before the Pierre Coup was… …   Wikipedia

  • Chief of Naval Operations Strategic Studies Group — The Chief of Naval 0perations Strategic Studies Group (SSG) was established by Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Thomas B. Hayward in 1981.[1] The Group is co located at the United States Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, but receives… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”