- Trap Pond State Park
Geobox Protected Area
name = Trap Pond State Park
category_local = Delaware State Park
etymology_type = Named for
etymology = Trap Pond
country = United States
state = Delaware
region_type = County
region = Sussex
lat_d = 38
lat_m = 31
lat_s = 30
lat_NS = N
long_d = 75
long_m = 27
long_s = 59
long_EW = W
elevation_imperial = 39
elevation_round = 1
area_unit = acre
area_imperial = 2109
area_round = 1
highest location =
established = 1951
management_body = Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control
free_type = Nearest city
map_caption = Location of Trap Pond State Park in Delaware
map_locator = Delaware
website = [http://www.destateparks.com/tpsp/index.asp Trap Pond State Park]
Trap Pond State Park is a 2,109-acre (8.5 km²)
state parklocated near Laurel, Delaware. it is one of the largest surviving fragments of what was once an extensive wetlandin what is now southwestern Sussex County. The state park features an extensive patch of second-growth baldcypresstrees.
The baldcypress is a wetland tree adapted to areas of calm, shallow standing water. It survives frosts but does not like extensive periods below freezing, and Trap Pond is the northernmost extensive natural stand of baldcypress on the Eastern seaboard of the United States.
birds flock to stands of baldcypress, including great blue herons, owls, warblers, and pileated woodpeckers. Birdwatchers can also see hummingbirds and bald eagles at Trap Pond in season.
History of the park
The rot-resistant wood of Trap Pond's baldcypress trees was extensively harvested starting in the 1700s. The lumbermen extensively altered the morphology of the wetland, damming its outflow to create power for a small
sawmillto cut the timbers. This dam helped to create what is now Trap Pond. The pond was enlarged in later years as nearby farmers laid down drainage tiles to de-water their wetlands for agriculture. After the old-growth cypress timber had been harvested, the pond and adjacent surviving wetlands were re-used as the drainage sump for the surrounding farmers of Sussex County.
In the 1930s, the federal
Civilian Conservation Corpslisted the pond as a place of recreation development. The Delaware legislaturetook over the land and named it as a state park in 1951.
The partly-sheltered waters of Trap Pond (90 acres/0.4 km²) are now managed as a waterway for family recreation. A concessioner rents
canoes, kayaks, rowboats, pedal boats, and surf bikes. In 2006, the park naturalist offered tours by pontoon boat. There is also a launching ramp for privately-owned shallow-draft vessels.
Fishing opportunities concentrate on panfish such as
crappieand bluegill, with some bass and pickerelas well.
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control
* [http://www.destateparks.com/tpsp/tpsp.htm Delaware State Parks]
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