- Orange (colour)
Orange — Spectral coordinates — Wavelength 590–620 nm Frequency 505–480 THz — Common connotations — warning, autumn, desire, fire, Halloween, Thanksgiving, prisoners, Orangism (Netherlands), Unionism in Ireland, Indian religions, engineering, determination, compassion, endurance, optimism
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF7F00 RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 127, 0) HSV (h, s, v) (30°, 100%, 100%) Source HTML Colour Chart @30 B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte) Orange (web colour)
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #FFA500 sRGBB (r, g, b) (255, 165, 0) HSV (h, s, v) (39°, 100%, 100%) Source CSS/X11/SVG B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte) Dark orange (web colour)
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF8C00 sRGBB (r, g, b) (255, 140, 0) HSV (h, s, v) (34°, 100%, 100%) Source X11/SVG B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte) Burnt orange
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #CC5500 RGBB (r, g, b) (204, 85, 0) HSV (h, s, v) (25°, 100%, 80%) Source University of Texas at Austin B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
The colour orange occurs between red and yellow in the visible spectrum at a wavelength of about 585–620 nm, and has a hue of 30° in HSV colour space. It is numerically halfway between red and yellow in a gamma-compressed RGB colour space, the expression of which is the RGB colour wheel. The complementary colour of orange is blue. Orange pigments are largely in the ochre or cadmium families, and absorb mostly blue light.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Variations
- 3 Symbolism
- 4 See also
- 5 Notes
- 6 External links
The colour orange is named after the orange fruit, after the appearance of the ripe fruit. Before this word was introduced to the English-speaking world, the colour was referred to as ġeolurēad (yellow-red).
Orange (web colour)
Dark orange (web colour)
The web colour called dark orange is displayed at right.
Displayed to the left is the actual colour of the outer skin of a typical orange. This colour is called orange peel. It is the same colour as the fruit for which it was named.
A discussion of the difference between the colour orange (the colour halfway between red and yellow, i.e. colour wheel orange, RGB #FF7F00, shown at the top of this article) and the colour orange peel (the actual colour of the outer skin of an orange), may be found in Maerz and Paul.
The first recorded use of orange peel as a colour name in English was in 1839.
Burnt orange has been in use as a colour name for this deep shade of orange since 1915.
This colour is one variation that is used as a school colour of the University of Texas at Austin, Westwood High School (Austin, Texas), Clemson University, Virginia Tech, Auburn University, and Mesa Verde High School (Citrus Heights, California).
This variation of orange is one of the primary colours for the American Football team the Cleveland Browns. Burnt orange was popular in interior design during the 1970s, and is often associated with this period. Red headed peoples usually have hair that is more accurately a burnt orange colour.
Brown is actually derived from the orange part (orange + grey) of the colour spectrum. It can be described as an especially dark orange.
Geography and history
- Historically and culturally, saffron, red and white have always been the most prominent colours of Hinduism and have been regularly worn, particularly in religious ceremonies, in India for more than 2000 years.
- Orange is the national colour of the Netherlands. The royal family, the House of Orange-Nassau, derives its name in part from its former holding, the principality of Orange. (The title Prince of Orange is still used for the Dutch heir apparent.)
- The Republic of the Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat) was an independent Boer republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, and later a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa. It is the historical precursor to the present-day Free State province. Extending between the Orange and Vaal rivers, its borders were determined by the United Kingdom in 1848 when the region was proclaimed as the Orange River Sovereignty, with a seat of a British Resident in Bloemfontein.
- Oranjemund (German for: "Mouth of Orange") is a town situated in the extreme southwest of Namibia, on the northern bank of the Orange River mouth.
Orange can also be associated with colleges. Among notable colleges with orange as a colour include:
- Auburn University
- Boise State University
- Bowling Green State University
- Clemson University
- Florida A&M University
- University of Florida
- University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
- University of Miami
- Oklahoma State University
- Oregon State University
- Princeton University
- Syracuse University
- University of Tennessee
- University of Texas at Austin
- University of Texas at El Paso
- University of Virginia
- Virginia Tech
- In the sport of baseball some foul poles are orange, but only one in Major League Baseball, belonging to the New York Mets at their home ballpark Citi Field (and previously, Shea Stadium).
Orange is a team colour for a number of professional sports teams.
- Kochi Tuskers Kerala
- Greater Western Sydney Football Club
- West Tigers
- Brisbane Roar
- Dundee United
- The saffron stripe in the flag of India signifies courage, sacrifice and the spirit of renunciation.
- Orange is the national colour of the Netherlands (See above at: Geography and history). Orange was seen on its original flag until the middle of the 17th century.
- Orange, white, and green are the national colours of India, the Republic of Ireland, Niger and Côte d'Ivoire.
- The Orange Institution is a pro-British Protestant association based in Northern Ireland.
- In the United States Army, orange is the colour of the United States Army Signal Corps.
- The US Department of Homeland Security's code orange on its terror threat scale represents a high risk, second highest to severe.
- Prisoners incarcerated in many American jails and prisons are made to wear orange jumpsuits so they will be easy to see if they try to escape.
- Deluxe International orange is the colour of the paint on San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge.
- The US Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices specifies orange for use in temporary and construction signage.
- Orange was the rallying colour of the 2004 – 2005 Orange Revolution in Ukraine.
- Orange is sometimes associated with various Christian democratic and populist parties.
- Orange was the colour used by the historical Liberal Party of the United Kingdom
- Orange was used as a rallying colour by Israelis (such as Jewish settlers) who opposed Israel's unilateral disengagement plan in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 2005.
- Orange is the party colour of:
- Alliance for the Future of Austria (BZÖ)
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), India
- Christian Democrats, Belgium
- Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V), Belgium
- Christian Democratic People's Party, Switzerland
- Christian Democratic Union, Germany
- Christian Social People's Party, Luxembourg
- Czech Social Democratic Party
- Democratic Liberal Party, Romania
- Democratic Movement, France
- Free Patriotic Movement, Lebanon
- Humanist Democratic Centre (cdH), Belgium
- Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union
- Independence Party of Minnesota
- June List, Sweden
- Justice and Truth Alliance, Romania
- National Union, Israel
- New Democratic Party, Canada
- Orange Democratic Movement, Kenya
- Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc
- People's National Party, Jamaica
- People First Party, Republic of China (Taiwan)
- PORA, Ukraine
- Québec solidaire, Canada
- Reformed Political Party, Netherlands
- Republican Left of Catalonia, Spain
- Social Democratic Party, Portugal
- Zares, Slovenia
Religious and metaphysical
- Orange, or more specifically deep saffron, is the most sacred colour of Hinduism.
- Orange is used to symbolically represent the second (Swadhisthana) chakra.
- Hindu and Sikh flags atop mandirs and gurdwaras, respectively, are typically a saffron coloured pennant.
- Saffron robes are often worn by Hindu swamis and Buddhist monks in the Theravada tradition.
- Orange represents the sin of gluttony.
- In English heraldry, orange is considered synonymous with the tincture tenne. However, its use as a heraldic tincture is relatively rare, as it is considered a "stain" (a deprecated tincture) by some. In continental heraldry, tenne is more often deemed to denote a burnt orange colour.
- The colours orange and black represent the secular holiday Halloween (31 October) because orange is the colour of pumpkins and black is the colour of night and is associated with doom, despair and darkness.
- The colours orange and brown represent the United States holiday Thanksgiving.
- Orange is the contrasting colour of blue and is highly visible against a clear sky. Therefore, shades of orange such as safety orange are often used in high visibility clothing and other safety equipment and objects.
- Due to its brightness, orange is used in the construction industry on road signs and safety jackets to warn passers-by of the pending dangers ahead.
- Orange is used to promote awareness and prevention of self-injury.
Shades of orange
- ^ a b "W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords". W3.org. http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-color/. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- ^ "Visual Guidelines - Graphics - Colors". University of Texas at Austin. 2007-06-06. http://www.utexas.edu/visualguidelines/vg_colors.html. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ^ Paterson, Ian (2003), A Dictionary of Colour: A Lexicon of the Language of Colour (1st paperback ed.), London: Thorogood (published 2004), p. 280, ISBN 1854183753, OCLC 60411025
- ^ "orange colour | orange color, n. (and adj.)". Oxford English Dictionary. OED. http://www.oed.com.libezproxy.open.ac.uk/Entry/132168. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- ^ Maerz, Aloys John; Morris Rea Paul (1930), A Dictionary of Color, New York: McGraw-Hill, p. 200
- ^ Maerz and Paul, Page 170
- ^ Maerz and Paul, Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample L10.
- ^ Maerz and Paul, Page 191; Color sample of Burnt Orange: Page 29 Plate 3 Color Sample E12
- ^ "brown, adj.". Oxford English Dictionary. OUP. http://www.oed.com.libezproxy.open.ac.uk/Entry/23849. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- ^ Maerz and Paul, Page 191
- ^ Sullivan, Eugene (1997). "An Academic Costume Code and An Academic Ceremony Guide". American Council on Education. http://www.acenet.edu/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Search&template=/CM/HTMLDisplay.cfm&ContentID=10625. Retrieved 2010-06-26.
- ^ Stevens, Samantha (2004). The Seven Rays: a Universal Guide to the Archangels. Insomniac Press. p. 24. ISBN 1-894663-49-7.
- ^ "Hinduism". Fotw.net. http://www.fotw.net/flags/hindu.html#saffron. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
Amber Apricot Atomic tangerine Bittersweet Brown Burnt orange Carrot orange Champagne Coral Dark salmon Deep carrot orange ECE/SAE Amber Flame Gamboge Gold Gold (metallic) International orange Lion Mahogany Old gold Orange Orange (web) Orange-red Orange peel Papaya whip Peach Peach-orange Peach-yellow Persian orange Portland Orange Princeton orange Pumpkin Rust Safety orange Salmon Satin sheen gold Sunset Tangelo Tangerine Tea rose Tenné Tomato Vermilion The samples shown above are only indicative. Electromagnetic spectrum Visible (optical) Microwaves Radio Wavelength typesWeb colours black gray silver white maroon red purple fuchsia green lime olive yellow navy blue teal aqua Color topics Color perception Color space Basic colors Related
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