- Anbar (town)
Anbar ( _ar. الأنبار) was a town in
Iraq, at lat. 33 deg. 22' N., long. 43 deg. 49' E, on the east bank of the Euphrates, just south of the Nahr Isa, or Sakhlawieh canal, the northernmost of the canals connecting that river with the Tigris.
Anbar was originally called Firuz Shapur, or Perisapora and was founded circa
350 ADby Shapur II, Sassanid king of Persia. Perisapora was captured and destroyed by Emperor Julian in 363, but speedily rebuilt. The town became a refuge for the Arab, Christian, and Jewish colonies of that region.
The Arabs changed the name of the town to Anbar ("
granaries"). Abu al-Abbas as-Saffah, the founder of the Abbasidcaliphate, made it his capital, and such it remained until the founding of Baghdadin 762.
It continued to be a place of much importance throughout the Abbasid period, but now it is entirely deserted, occupied only by ruin mounds. The great number of these indicates the former importance of the city.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Anbar — refer to:*Al Anbar Governorate *Anbar (town) … Wikipedia
Anbar — ▪ ancient city, Iraq also called Massice , or Fairuz Sapur ancient Mesopotamian town located on the left bank of the Euphrates River, downstream from modern Ar Ramādī in central Iraq. Originally called Massice and Fairuz Sapur, it was… … Universalium
Al Anbar campaign — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Anbar province campaign colour scheme=background:#ffcccc partof=the Post invasion Iraq caption= date=April 28 2003 August 14, 2007 place=Al Anbar Governorate, Iraq result=Coalition victory… … Wikipedia
Al-Qa'im (town) — Al Qa im ( ar. القائم) is an Iraqi town located nearly 400 km northwest of Baghdad near the Syrian border and situated along the Euphrates River, and located in the Al Anbar Governorate. It has a population of about 250,000 and is the centre of… … Wikipedia
Al Ubaidi (town) — Al Ubaidi is a town in the Al Anbar province of Iraq … Wikipedia
Al Waleed (town) — Al Waleed is a town in the Al Anbar province of Iraq … Wikipedia
al-Qaeda in Iraq — Tanzim Qaidat al Jihad fi Bilad al Rafidayn (Organization of Jihad s Base in Mesopotamia) Al Qaeda in Iraq Participant in the Iraq War Jihadist black flag … Wikipedia
Nehardea — נהרדעא … Wikipedia
1261 год — Годы 1257 · 1258 · 1259 · 1260 1261 1262 · 1263 · 1264 · 1265 Десятилетия 1240 е · 1250 е 1260 е 1270 е · … Википедия
Аль-Мустансир II — Абу ль Аббас Ахмед ибн аз Захир имам аль Мустансир биллах (араб. المستنصر بالله الثاني ; ? 1261?) первый из халифов, поставленных в Каире мамлюкским султаном Египта Бейбарсом. Формально, он являлся продолжателем династии аббасидских… … Википедия