Brighton and Hove
City of Brighton and Hove
—  Unitary authority & City  —
Brighton and Hove shown within England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Ceremonial county East Sussex
Administrative seat Hove
City status 2000
Government
 – Type Unitary authority & City
 – Governing body Brighton and Hove City Council
 – Local government form Leader & Cabinet
 – Control Green (council NOC)
 – MPs Simon Kirby (C)
(Brighton Kemptown)
Mike Weatherley (C)
(Hove)
Caroline Lucas (G)
(Brighton Pavilion)
Area
 – Unitary authority & City 33.80 sq mi (87.54 km2)
Population (2008 est.)
 – Unitary authority & City 256,600
 – Density 7,880/sq mi (3,040/km2)
 – Urban 461,181
 – Ethnicity
(Office for National Statistics 2007 Estimate)[1]
88.6% White
4.9% South Asian
2.3% Mixed Race
2.3% Black
2.0% Chinese and other
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
Postcode span
Grid ref.
ONS code 00ML
ISO 3166-2 GB-BNH
NUTS 3

Brighton and Hove is a unitary authority area and city on the south coast of England. It is England's most populous seaside resort.

In 1997 Brighton and Hove were joined to form the unitary authority of Brighton and Hove, which was granted city status by Queen Elizabeth II as part of the millennium celebrations in 2000.

Brighton and Hove forms part of the Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton conurbation, the 12th largest conurbation in the United Kingdom. Along this area of the south coast, there is little or no gap of countryside between these large towns and city. Directly to the west is Shoreham-by-Sea, and a short distance to the east are Peacehaven and Newhaven. The city, district and urban areas of Brighton and Hove have the biggest populations in the South East England region.

Brighton and Hove themselves were results of amalgamations:

The football team, Brighton & Hove Albion F.C., predates the unification of the two boroughs by 96 years.

On 15 October 2004, Brighton and Hove was granted Fairtrade City status.

Contents

City Council

Political composition

Elections are held every four years, with the last elections occurring on May 5, 2011.[2]

Party Councillors Change
(on 2007)
Green 23 +10
Conservative 18 −8
Labour 13 ±0[clarification needed]
Liberal Democrat 0 −2
Independent 0 NC
Total 54 -
Source: Brighton & Hove City Council
Palace Pier, Brighton at sunset
Hove promenade facing towards Brighton
Flats in Ashton Rise, between the Hanover area and the seafront
Pétanque players at the Peace statue terrain the seafront (West pier in the distance)

Administration and directorates

The leader of the council elected on 19 May 2011 is Councillor Bill Randall (Green Party), although the Greens only hold a minority of seats. The current mayor of Brighton and Hove is Councillor Anne Meadows.[3] John Barradell, OBE, started as Chief Executive on 1 October 2009. There are six directorates in the council structure.[4]

Council priorities

Introduced in June 2008, the council's corporate priorities are:

  • protect the environment whilst growing the economy
  • better use of public money
  • reduce inequality by increasing opportunities
  • fair enforcement of the law
  • open and effective city leadership

Towns and districts

The city of Brighton and Hove comprises the following areas (not necessarily directly corresponding to administrative wards or parishes):

  • former borough of Brighton
Bevendean
Black Rock
Brighton
Coldean
Hanover
Hollingbury
Hollingdean
Kemptown — built up around a self-contained development of 1823, Kemp Town
The Lanes
Brighton Marina
Moulsecoomb
New England Quarter — a large new mixed-use development
North Laine
Ovingdean
Patcham
Preston Park
Preston Village
Rottingdean Village
Queen's Park
Saltdean (West)
Stanmer
Westdene
Whitehawk
Withdean
Woodingdean
Saltdean
  • former borough of Hove
Aldrington
Brunswick — developed 1824 in a similar manner to Kemp Town (see above)
Hangleton
Hove
Knoll (see also neighbouring Hangleton, above)
Mile Oak
Portslade by Sea
Portslade Village
Tongdean
St. Ann's Well
West Blatchington

Census

The first census of Brighton was in 1801.

The resident population of Brighton and Hove at the 2001 census was 247,817 persons, comprising 114,479 households: 48.4% male, 51.5% female.

In the same census, Brighton and Hove had the highest percentage of citizens indicating their religion as Jedi among all principal areas of England and Wales).[5] The next census was carried out on 27 March 2011.

Wording of the Letters Patent

The Letters Patent of 2000 that confers City status is worded thus:

ELIZABETH the SECOND BY THE GRACE OF GOD OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND & OF OUR REALMS & TERRITORIES QUEEN HEAD OF THE COMMON WEALTH DEFENDER OF THE FAITH.
To all to whom these Presents shall come Greeting. Whereas We for divers good causes and considerations Us thereunto moving are graciously pleased to confer on the Towns of Brighton and Hove the status of a city Now Therefore Know Ye that We of Our especial grace and favour and mere motion do by these Presents ordain declare and direct that the TOWNS OF BRIGHTON AND HOVE shall henceforth have the status of a CITY and shall have all such rank liberties privileges and immunities as are incident to a City. In witness whereof We have caused Our Letters to be made Patent Witness Ourself at Westminster the thirty first day of January in the forty ninth year of our reign.

By Warrant under The Queens Sign Manual Phillips.

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Brighton and Hove at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[6] Agriculture[7] Industry[8] Services[9]
1995 2,656 3 407 2,246
2000 3,101 3 378 2,721
2003 3,952 4 476 3,472

See also

See the Brighton and Hove articles for descriptions of the twin towns, and the Brighton and Hove category for further articles about places and things in the district.
  • List of Grade I listed buildings in Brighton and Hove
  • List of notable Brighton and Hove inhabitants
  • Brighton and Hove City Centre
  • List of Brighton & Hove bus names

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ South Norfolk Council - Types of elections Elections - dates and results (Brighton & Hove City Council). Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  3. ^ "Council election results update". Brighton & Hove City Council website. http://www.brighton-hove.gov.uk/index.cfm?request=c1244854. Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "About your council". Brighton & Hove City Council website. http://www.brighton-hove.gov.uk/index.cfm?request=b1000162. Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  5. ^ http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/profiles/rank/jedi.asp statistics.gov.uk
  6. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  7. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  8. ^ includes energy and construction
  9. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

External links


Coordinates: 50°49′40″N 0°09′10″W / 50.82778°N 0.15278°W / 50.82778; -0.15278


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