Botanical garden

Botanical garden

Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of plants primarily to categorize and document for scientific purposes. Botanists and horticulturalists tend the flora and maintain the garden's library and herbarium of dried and documented plant material. Botanical gardens may also serve to entertain and educate the public, upon whom many depend for funding. However, not all botanical gardens are open to the public: for example the Chelsea Physic Garden. According to the Botanic Gardens Conservation International, "Botanic gardens are institutions holding documented collections of living plants for the purposes of scientific research, conservation, display and education."

Research

From the late 18th century onward, European botanical gardens began sending plant-collecting expeditions to various parts of the world and publishing their findings. Voyages of exploration routinely included botanists for this purpose. Subsequent scientific work studied how these exotic plants might be adapted to grow in the garden's locale, how to classify them, and how to propagate rare or endangered species. The Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew, near London, has continuously published journals and more recently catalogues and databases since this time.

Educational work

Educational projects at botanical gardens range from introductions to plants that thrive in different environments to practical advice for the home gardener. Many have plant shops, selling flower, herb, and vegetable seedlings suitable for transplantation. Some gardens such as the UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research and the Chicago Botanic Garden have plant breeding programs and introduce new plants to the horticultural trade.

History

The first modern botanical gardens were founded in Northern Italy in connection with universities:
* Pisa (1544) by Luca Ghini (1490-1556)
* Padua (1545)
* Florence (1545)
* Bologna (1567)

Other European towns and universities then followed suit:
* Valencia, Spain (1567)
* Leiden, Netherlands (1590)
* Montpellier, France (1593)
* Heidelberg, Germany (1597)
* Tübingen, Germany by Leonhart Fuchs
* Copenhagen, Denmark (1600)
* Oxford, England (1621)
* Uppsala, Sweden (1655)
* Hannover, Germany (1666)

Egypt has several botanical gardens. One them, the Orman Garden in Giza, is over 130 years old.

ee also

*List of botanical gardens
*Plant collecting

External links

* [http://www.bgci.org Botanic Gardens Conservation International] The World's Largest Plant Conservation Network, working with 800 Botanic Gardens Worldwide.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • botanical garden — UK / US or botanic garden UK [bəˌtænɪk ˈɡɑː(r)d(ə)n] / US [bəˌtænɪk ˈɡɑrd(ə)n] noun [countable] Word forms botanical garden : singular botanical garden plural botanical gardens a public garden where many types of flowers and plants are grown, for …   English dictionary

  • botanical garden — (also botanic garden) ► NOUN ▪ a place where plants are grown for scientific study and display to the public …   English terms dictionary

  • botanical garden — n. a place where collections of plants and trees are kept for scientific study and exhibition …   English World dictionary

  • botanical garden — a garden for the exhibition and scientific study of collected, growing plants, usually in association with greenhouses, herbariums, laboratories, etc. Also called botanic garden. [1775 85] * * * or botanic garden Originally, a collection of… …   Universalium

  • botanical garden — noun a facility where trees and shrubs are cultivated for exhibition • Syn: ↑arboretum • Hypernyms: ↑facility, ↑installation * * * boˌtanical ˈgarden [botanical garden] ( …   Useful english dictionary

  • botanical garden — garden with special plants, garden for investigating and exhibition …   English contemporary dictionary

  • botanical garden — noun Date: 1775 a garden often with greenhouses for the culture, study, and exhibition of special plants called also bo•tan•ic garden …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • botanical garden — bo.tanical garden n a large public garden where many different types of flowers and plants are grown for scientific study …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • botanical garden — /bəˌtænɪkəl ˈgadn / (say buh.tanikuhl gahdn) noun (often plural) a large garden usually open to the public where trees, shrubs and plants, typically from many lands, are grown and studied. Also, botanic garden …   Australian English dictionary

  • botanical garden — noun A place where a variety of plants are grown, primarily for scientific or educational reasons, but are normally open to the public, and include ornamental plants from around the world. Syn: botanic garden …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.