- Patron saint
The patron saint of a particular group of people is a
saintwho would protect and 'love' the group and its members. Prayers by such people are considered more likely to be answered by their patron saint . Some consider it a special devotion to God by displaying humility in asking a saint for intercession rather than expecting to be answered themselves, calling to mind [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Job%2042:8;&version=9; Job 42:8] , which implies God's favour to the virtuous.
Saint Christopheris generally thought of as the patron saint of travelers. Saint Patrickis the patron saint of Irelandand the Irish, as well as of the profession of engineering, and Saint James the Greatis the patron of rheumatics and of Spain. Eastern Orthodoxygenerally similarly associates saints with places, occupations and activities, but to a much lesser degree, and usually that association takes place locally. The "Three Hierarchs", for instance ( Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzusand John Chrysostom), are the traditional patron saints of education in the Orthodox world, St. Nicholasthe patron saint of Russia, St. Demetriusthe patron saint of the city of Thessaloníki, etc. Association with a particular area or profession can be found with tutelarydeities from other religions as well. St. Lawrenceis the Patron Saint of cooks, so bestowed because he himself was roasted alive by the Romans who prosecuted him.
feast dayassociated with a saint is often marked by those who have the saint as patron; this is especially the case with a national patron, whose feast day may be a public holiday. In some cases the celestial patronage is not assigned to a canonized person, but to a liturgical feast and/or (often associated) aspect of God or the Virgin Mary which is held in similar reverence (though unlike a saint it cannot actually intercede with God), such as:
Transfiguration of Our Lord
Sacred Heartof Jesus
Certain patron saints have only a nominal relationship with the trade or group that they represent, as is the case with
Saint Georgeof England. Saint Fiacreis the patron saint of taxi drivers, supposedly because the first hansom cabs in Paris were hired outside the Hotel Saint-Fiacre and, indeed, were known as "fiacres".
Lists of patron saints
Patron saints of occupations, activities and communication mediums
Patron saints of ailments, illness and dangers
Patron saints of places
Patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary
List of saints
Calendar of saints
List of blesseds
* [http://www.iconessa.com/patron-saint-artwork.html Patron Saint Artwork by Sher Chappell]
* [http://www.catholic.org/saints/patron.php Catholic Online: Patron Saints]
* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/indexsnt.htm Catholic Forum: Patron Saints Index]
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