- Adolph II of Nassau
Adolph II (or III) of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (German: Adolf II. von Nassau-Wisebaden-Idstein) (c. 1423 –
6 September 1475), was Archbishop of Mainz from 1461 until 1475.
Adolph was a son of Count Adolph II of
In 1459 he was defeated in the election of Archbishop of Mainz by
Theodoric of Isenburg-Büdingen. In 1461 Pope Pius IIdeclared Adolph the archbishop of Mainz following the confrontational reforms of Theodoric. The city and cathedral of Mainz was loyal to Theodoric so Adolph declared war. The devastating Mainzer Feudcontinued for a year before on 28 October 1462 Adolph captured the city of Mainz. He had killed approximately 400 citizens of the city, and another 400 fled abroad. Adolph revoked the privileges and the status of Imperial Cityof Mainz.
Adolph died in
Eltvillein 1475 and was buried in the Eberbach Abbey.
*Aloys Schmidt: "Zur Mainzer Stiftsfehde 1462", in: JbBistumMainz 3, 1948, pg. 89-99
*Karl Menzel: "Die Verträge zwischen den Grafen Adolf von Nassau und Diether von Isenburg-Büdingen zur Beilegung des Streits um das Erzstift Mainz", in: Nassauische Annalen 10 (1870), pg 1
* [http://mdz.bib-bvb.de/digbib/lexika/adb/images/adb001/@ebt-link?target=idmatch(entityref,adb0010135) Adolph II of Nassau in the
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie]
*HistoryWiki|Adolph_II_of_Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein,_Archbishop_of_Mainz|Adolph II of Nassau
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