Cytoprotectant

A cytoprotectant is any medication that combats ulcers not by reducing gastric acid but by increasing mucosal protection.

Drugs that work in this manner include carbenoxolone, deglycyrrhizinised liquorice, sucralfate (aluminium hydroxide and sulphated sucrose), misoprostil (a prostaglandin analogue) and bismuth chelate (tri-potassium di-citrato bismuthate). Pregnant women should avoid as they can cause miscarriages. Misoprostil is used in South Africa as an abortifacent, despite not being registered for this use.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cytoprotectant —    A substance or reaction that acts against chemical or biological damage to cell membranes. The most common cytoprotectant actions are on the skin and the liver (hepatoprotectant), although there has been recent research involving lymphocyte T… …   Herbal-medical glossary

  • cytoprotectant — noun Any medication that combats ulcers by increasing mucosal protection …   Wiktionary

  • cytoprotectant — cy·to·pro·tec·tant (si″to pro tekґtənt) cytoprotective …   Medical dictionary

  • Bilirubin — Bilirubin …   Wikipedia

  • Medication — Medication, also referred to as medicine, can be loosely defined as any substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease. [ [http://www.fda.gov/opacom/laws/fdcact/fdcact1.htm US Federal Food, Drug …   Wikipedia

  • Abcg2 — is a member of the ATP Binding Cassette Transporter family of transmembrane, substrate effluxing proteins. Other names for ABGC2 have included BCRP (Breast Cancer Resistance Protein) and MXR (Mitoxantrone Resistance Protein).References*… …   Wikipedia

  • ABCG2 — ATP binding cassette, sub family G (WHITE), member 2 Identifiers Symbols ABCG2; ABC15; ABCP; BCRP; BCRP1; BMDP; CD338; CDw338; EST157481; MGC102821; MRX; MXR; MXR1 External IDs …   Wikipedia

  • Strahlenkrankheit — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 T66 Strahlenkrankheit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cytoprotection — is a process by which chemical compounds provide protection to cells against harmful agents.[1] For example, a gastric cytoprotectant is any medication that combats ulcers not by reducing gastric acid but by increasing mucosal protection.[2]… …   Wikipedia

  • Amifostin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Amifostin Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”