- Ada Byron's notes on the analytical engine
Ada Byron's notes on the analytical engine are a description and associated documents produced by Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, (born Ada Byron) on
Charles Babbage's design for a mechanical computercalled the analytical engine. It was never built, but Ada's notes are widely recognized as containing the first ever computer program.
In 1842 Charles Babbage was invited to give a seminar at the
University of Turinabout his analytical engine. Luigi Menabrea, a young Italian engineer, and future prime minister, wrote up Babbage's lecture in French, and this transcript was subsequently published in the Bibliothèque Universelle de Genèvein October 1842.
Babbage asked Ada Lovelace to translate Menabrea's paper into English, subsequently requesting that she augment the notes she had added to the translation. Ada spent most of a year doing this. These notes, which are more extensive than Menabrea's paper, were then published in "
The Ladies Diary" and "Taylor's Scientific Memoirs" under the initialism"A.A.L.".
Her notes were labeled alphabetically from A to G. Note G is the longest of the seven. In note G, Ada describes an
algorithmfor the analytical engine to compute Bernoulli numbers. It is generally considered the first algorithm ever specifically tailored for implementation on a computer, and for this reason she is considered by many to be the first computer programmer.
Note G could possibly also be said to be the first expression of the modern computer phrase "
Garbage In, Garbage Out". Lovelace wrote
"The Analytical Engine has no pretensions whatever to originate anything. It can do whatever we know how to order it to perform. It can follow analysis; but it has no power of anticipating any analytical relations or truths."
* [http://www.fourmilab.ch/babbage/sketch.html "Sketch of The Analytical Engine Invented by Charles Babbage" by L. F. Menabrea with notes upon the Memoir by the translator Ada Augusta, Countess of Lovelace]
* [http://www.cs.yale.edu/homes/tap/Files/ada-lovelace-notes.html "Ada Lovelace's Notes and The Ladies Diary"]
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