- Carme (moon)
name = Carme
background = #ffc0c0
discoverer = S. B. Nicholson
July 30, 1938cite journal |last=Nicholson |first=S. B. |title=Two New Satellites of Jupiter |journal=Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific |year=1938 |volume=50 | pages=pp.292–293 |url=http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/PASP./0050//0000292.000.html |doi=10.1086/124963]
mean_orbit_radius = 23.4 million kmcite journal |last=Jacobson |first=R. A. |title=The Orbits of Outer Jovian Satellites |journal=Astronomical Journal |year=2000 |volume=120 |pages=pp.2679–2686 |doi=10.1086/316817]
eccentricity = 0.25
period = 702.28 d (2.045 a)
avg_speed = 2.253 km/s
inclination = nowrap|164.91° (to the
ecliptic) 167.53° (to Jupiter's equator)
satellite_of = Jupiter
mean_radius = 23 km
surface_area = ~6600 km²
volume = ~51,000 km³
mass = 1.3e|17 kg
density = 2.6 g/cm³ (assumed)
surface_grav = ~0.017 m/s2 (0.0017 "g")
escape_velocity = ~0.028 km/s
albedo = 0.04 (assumed)
single_temperature = ~124 K
Carme (pron-en|ˈkɑrmi respell|KAR|mee, or as in Greek "Κάρμη)" is a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by
Seth Barnes Nicholsonat Mount Wilson Observatoryin Californiain July 1938. It is named after the mythological Carme, mother by Zeusof Britomartis, a Cretan goddess.
Carme did not receive its present name until 1975; [ [http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/iauc/02800/02846.html IAUC 2846: "Satellites of Jupiter"]
1974 October 7(naming the moon)] before then, it was simply known as nowrap|Jupiter XI. It was sometimes called "Pan"cite book| last=Payne-Gaposchkin|first=Cecilia|coauthors=Katherine Haramundanis|title=Introduction to Astronomy|year=1970|publisher=Prentice-Hall|location=Englewood Cliffs, N.J.|isbn=0-134-78107-4] between 1955 and 1975. Note that Pan is now the name of a satellite of Saturn.
It gives its name to the
Carme group, made up of irregular retrograde moons orbiting Jupiter at a distance ranging between 23 and 24 Gm and at an inclination of about 165°. Its orbital elements are as of January 2000. They are continuously changing due to Solarand planetary perturbations.
Jupiter's moons in fiction
* [http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Jup_Carme Carme Profile] by [http://solarsystem.nasa.gov NASA's Solar System Exploration]
* [http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/~jewitt/irregulars.html David Jewitt pages]
* [http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/~sheppard/satellites/jupsatdata.html Scott Sheppard pages]
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