Huntington Beach, California

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Huntington Beach, California
settlement_type = City
nickname = Surf City USA


imagesize =
image_caption = Huntington Beach Pier


image_



image_




mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Huntington Beach within Orange County, California.


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = California
subdivision_name2 = Orange
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Debbie Cook
established_date =
area_magnitude = 1 E7
area_total_sq_mi = 31.6
area_land_sq_mi = 26.4
area_water_sq_mi = 5.2
area_total_km2 = 81.7
area_land_km2 = 68.3
area_water_km2 = 13.4
elevation_m = 12
elevation_ft = 39
latd = 33 |latm = 41 |lats = 34 |latNS = N
longd = 118 |longm = 0 |longs = 1 |longEW = W
population_as_of =2000
population_note =
population_total = 194436
population_density_km2 = 2773.9
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latitude = 33.676176° N
longitude = 118.001039° W
website = http://www.surfcity-hb.org/
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 92605, 92615, 92646-92649
area_code = 714
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-36000
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1652724
footnotes =

Huntington Beach is a seaside city in Orange County in southern California, United States. As of the 2006 census, the city population was 194,436. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the west, by Seal Beach on the north, by Costa Mesa on the south, by Westminster on the northeast, and by Fountain Valley on the east.

It is known for its long convert|8.5|mi|km|abbr=off beach, mild climate, and excellent surfing. The waves are a unique natural effect caused by edge-diffraction of ocean swells by the island of Catalina, and waves from distant hurricanes. Because of the curve of the coastline at Huntington Beach, the local beach actually faces southwest. In summer, the southwest-facing beach often has very strong surf generally referred to as a "south swell". South swells can be generated from either (winter) storms originating in the southern Pacific Ocean off New Zealand or from hurricanes off the Mexican coast or a combination of both.

History

The area was originally occupied by the Tongva people. European settlement can be traced to a Spanish soldier, Manuel Nieto, who in 1784 received a Spanish land grant of convert|300000|acre|km2|abbr=off, Rancho Los Nietos, as a reward for his military service and to encourage settlement in Alta California. Nieto's western area was reduced in 1790 because of a dispute with the Mission San Gabriel, but he retained thousands of acres stretching from the hills north of Whittier, Fullerton and Brea, south to the Pacific Ocean, and from today's Los Angeles River on the west, to the Santa Ana River on the east.

The main thoroughfare of Huntington Beach, Beach Boulevard, was originally a cattle route for the main industry of the Rancho. Since its time as a parcel of the enormous Spanish land grant, Huntington Beach has undergone many incarnations. One time it was know as Gospel Swamp for the revival meetings that were held in the marshland where the community college Golden West College can currently be found. Later it became known as Pacific City as it developed into a tourist destination. In order to secure access to the Red Car lines that used to criss-cross Los Angeles and ended in Long Beach, Pacific City ceded enormous power to railroad magnate Henry Huntington, and thus became a city whose name has been written into corporate sponsorship, and like much of the history of Southern California, boosterism.

Huntington Beach incorporated in 1909 under its first mayor, Ed Manning. Its original developer was the Huntington Beach Company, a real-estate development firm owned by Henry Huntington, a railroad magnate after whom the city is named. The Huntington Beach Company is still a major land-owner in the city, and still owns most of the local mineral rights.

An interesting hiccup in the settlement of the district occurred when an encyclopedia company gave away free parcels of land, with the purchase of a whole set, in the Huntington Beach area that it had acquired cheaply. The lucky buyers got more than they had bargained for when oil was discovered in the area, and enormous development of the oil reserves followed. Though many of the old wells are empty, and the price of land for housing has pushed many of the rigs off the landscape, oil pumps can still be found to dot the city.

The city's first high school, Huntington Beach High School was built in 1906. The school's team, the Oilers, are named after the city's original natural resource.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of convert|81.7|km2|sqmi|1|abbr=off. convert|68.3|km2|sqmi|abbr=on of it is land and convert|13.4|km2|sqmi|abbr=on of it (16.38%) is water.

The entire city of Huntington Beach lies in area codes 657 and 714, except for small parts of Huntington Harbour (along with Sunset Beach, the unincorporated community adjacent to Huntington Harbour), which is 562 Area Code. A small portion of the community also lies within the 949 Area Code. This is the area around Brookhurst and Bushard bordering Newport Beach.

Climate

The climate is generally sunny, dry and cool, although evenings can be excessively damp. In the morning and evening, there are often strong breezes, convert|15|mph|km/h|abbr=on. Ocean water temperatures average convert|55|°F|°C|abbr=on to convert|65|°F|°C|abbr=on. In the summer, temperatures rarely exceed convert|85|°F|°C|abbr=on. In the winter, temperatures rarely fall below convert|40|°F|°C|abbr=on, even on clear nights. [cite web |url=http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USCA0500?from=month_bottomnav_undeclared |title=Monthly Averages for Huntington Beach |accessdate=2008-03-13 |author= |date= |work=www.weather.com |publisher=] There are about convert|14|in|mm|abbr=off of rain, almost all in mid-winter. Frost occurs only rarely on the coldest winter nights.

The area is annually affected by "June Gloom", caused by the cool air of the Pacific meeting the warm air over the land. This results in overcast and foggy conditions in May and June.

Natural resources

Construction of any kind on the beach is prohibited without a vote of the people, allowing Huntington Beach to retain its natural tie to the ocean rather than having the view obscured by residential and commercial developments.

Between Downtown Huntington Beach and Huntington Harbour lies a large marshy wetland, much of which is protected within the Bolsa Chica Ecological Reserve. A $110 million restoration of the wetlands was completed in 2006. [cite web |url=http://www.fws.gov//bolsachica/ |title=The official web page of the Bolsa Chica Lowlands Restoration Project |accessdate= |author= |date= |work= |publisher=U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service] The Reserve is popular with bird watchers and photographers.

South of Downtown, the Talbert and Magnolia Marshes lie on a strip of undeveloped land parallel to Huntington State Beach and are in the process of restoration, as well.

The northern and southern beaches (Bolsa Chica State Beach and Huntington State Beach, respectively) are state parks. Only the central beach (Huntington City Beach) is maintained by the city. Camping and RVs are permitted here, and popular; campsites for the Fourth of July and the Surfing Championships must be reserved many months in advance. Bolsa Chica State Beach is actually a sand bar fronting the Bolsa Bay and Bolsa Chica State Ecological Reserve.

The Orange County run Sunset Marina Park next to Huntington Harbour is part of Anaheim Bay. [cite web |url=http://www.ocparks.com/Sunsetharbor/default.asp?Show=History |title=Sunset-Huntington Harbor History |accessdate=2008-03-10 |author= |date= |work=OCParks.com |publisher= [] ] It is suitable for light craft, and includes a marina, launching ramp, basic services, a picnic area and a few restaurants. The park is in Seal Beach, but is only reachable from Huntington Harbour. The Sunset/Huntington Harbour area is patrolled by the Orange County Sheriff's Harbor Patrol. [cite web |url=http://www.ocsd.org/Operations/Harbor.asp |title=Orange County Sheriff's Harbor Patrol |accessdate=2008-03-11 |author= |date= |work=Orange County Sheriff's Department web site |publisher=]

The harbor entrance for Anaheim Bay is sometimes restricted by the United States Navy, which loads ships with munitions at the Seal Beach Naval Weapons Station to the north of the main channel.

Demographics

USCensusPop
1910 =815
1920 =1687
1930 =3690
1940 =3738
1950 =5237
1960 =11492
1970 =115960
1980 =170505
1990 =181519
2000 =189594

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 189,594 people, 73,657 households, and 47,729 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,773.9/km² (7,183.6/mi²). There were 75,662 housing units at an average density of 1,107.0/km² (2,866.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.22% White, 0.81% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 9.34% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 5.81% from other races, and 3.94% from two or more races. 14.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 73,657 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.

According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $75,896, and the median income for a family was $89,971. [cite web |url=http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US0626000&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US06%7C16000US0626000&_street=&_county=huntington+beach&_cityTown=huntington+beach&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2006_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= |title=2006 American Community Survey Data Profile Highlights |accessdate=2008-03-20 |author= |date= |work= |publisher=U.S. Census Bureau] Adult males had a median income of $52,018 versus $38,046 for adult females. The per capita income for the city was $36,964. About 4.3% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

The 2008 population estimated by the California Department of Finance was 201,993. [ [http://www.dof.ca.gov/research/demographic/reports/estimates/e-1_2006-07/ State of California, Department of Finance, E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2007 and 2008. Sacramento, California, May 2008.] .]

The unemployment rate in Huntington Beach is one of the lowest among large (over 100,000) cities in the United States at 1.9%. [cite web |url=http://www.census.gov/statab/ccdb/cit4140r.txt |title=Cities with 100,000 or More Population in 2000 Ranked by Unemployment Rate, 2000 in Rank Order
publisher=U.S. Census Bureau
]

Economy

Huntington Beach also sits above a large natural salt dome containing oil. Although the oil is mostly depleted, extraction continues at a slow rate, and still provides significant local income. There are only two off-shore extraction facilities left, however, and the day is not far off when oil production in the city will cease and tourism will replace it as the primary revenue source for resident industry.

New outdoor shopping malls are being built on either side of Main Street on Pacific Coast Highway (PCH). These constructions will interfere with the views of some downtown residential homes and restaurants. The city is also discussing closing off Main Street to cars from PCH through the retail shopping and restaurant areas, making it a pedestrian zone only. Other shopping centers include Bella Terra, built on the former Huntington Center site, and Old World Village, a German-themed center. [cite news |first=Annie |last=Burris |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=What's to become of Huntington's Old World Village? |url=http://www.ocregister.com/articles/village-old-world-2001446-owners-say |work=Orange County Register |publisher= |date=March 18, 2008 |accessdate=2008-03-20 ]

Huntington Beach has an off-shore oil terminus for the tankers that support the Alaska Pipeline. The terminus pipes run inland to a refinery in Santa Fe Springs. Huntington Beach also has the Gothard-Talbert terminus for the Orange County portion of the pipeline running from the Chevron El Segundo refinery.

Several hotels have been constructed on the inland side of Pacific Coast Highway (State Route 1) within view of the beach, just southeast of the pier.

Huntington Beach contains a major installation of Boeing, formerly McDonnell-Douglas. A number of installations on the Boeing campus were originally constructed to service the Apollo Program, most notably the production of the S-IVB upper stage for the Saturn IB and Saturn V rockets, and some nearby telephone poles are still marked "Apollo Dedicated Mission Control Line."

Huntington Beach contains the administrative headquarters of Sea Launch, a commercial space vehicle launch enterprise whose largest stockholder is Boeing.

Huntington Beach contains a small industrial district in its northwest corner, near the borders with Westminster and Seal Beach.

urf City USA trademarks

While the City of Huntington Beach retains its 15 year trademark of Surf City Huntington Beach, the Huntington Beach Conference and Visitors Bureau filed four applications to register the Surf City USA trademark in November 2004. The idea was to market the city by creating an authentic brand based on Southern California's beach culture and active outdoor lifestyle while at the same time creating a family of product licensees who operate like a franchise family producing a revenue stream that could also be dedicated to promoting the brand and city. A ruling by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office released on May 12, 2006 awarded three trademark registrations to the Bureau; nine additional trademark registrations have been granted since this time and ten other Surf City USA trademarks are now under consideration. [cite web |url=http://www.primezone.com/newsroom/news.html?d=99014 |title=Huntington Beach Officially Registers Surf City USA Trademark |accessdate=2008-03-14 |author= |date=May 12, 2006 |work=Huntington Beach Conference and Visitors Bureau press release |publisher=] One of the first products the Bureau developed to promote its brand was the Surf City USA Beach Cruiser by Felt Bicycles in 2006. The product has sold out every year in markets worldwide and created demand for a second rental bicycle model that will be marketed to resort locations across the globe starting in 2009. [cite web |url=http://www.feltracing.com/06/06_cruiser/surf_city.html |title=Felt Bicycles and Huntington Beach Join to Create Official Surf City USA Beach Cruiser |accessdate=2008-03-15 |author= |date=November 5, 2005 |work= |publisher=Felt Bicycles] The Bureau now has dozens of other licensed products on the market from Surf City USA soft drinks to clothing to glassware. As of April 2008, the Bureau had more than 20 licensing partners with over 50 different products being prepared to enter the market over the next 18 months. [cite news |first=Jennifer |last=Muir |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Surf City musical wants to merge art and commerce |url=http://www.ocregister.com/ocregister/homepage/abox/article_1234091.php |work=Orange County Register |publisher= |date=August 4, 2006 |accessdate=2008-03-15 ] Four of the Bureau's registrations of the trademark are now on the principal register and the remaining ten trademark applications are expected to follow. The Bureau is actively considering registration of the Surf City USA trademark in several different countries and anticipates a growing market for its branded products overseas in coming years.

An ongoing dispute between Huntington Beach and Santa Cruz, California over the trademark garnered negative national publicity in 2007 when a law firm representing Huntington Beach sent a cease-and-desist letter to a Santa Cruz t-shirt vendor. [cite news |url=http://www.sacbee.com/468/story/176686.html | title=The question remains: Which city is Surf City?|date=May 14, 2007|accessdate=2008-07-22|work=Sacramento Bee |author=Allen Pierloni] A settlement was reached in January, 2008, which allows the Huntington Beach Conference and Visitors Bureau to retain the trademark. [cite news |url=http://www.ocregister.com/news/city-surf-bureau-1964274-beach-huntington | title=Huntington Beach settles Surf City USA lawsuit|date=Tuesday, January 22, 2008|accessdate=2008-09-28|work=Orange County Register |author=Cindy Carcamo]

Tourism

The downtown district includes an active art center, a colorful shopping district, and the International Surfing Museum. This district was also once the home of the famous restaurant and music club "The Golden Bear." In the late '60s and '70s it hosted many famous bands and acts. Some of the popular tourist attractions include the following:

* The beaches and surfing. Major surf competitions are held here each year.
* Also many other competitions including volleyball, bmx riding, paintballing and many distance races are held here annually.
* The Huntington Beach Pier, which stretches from Main Street into the Pacific Ocean. At the end of the pier is a Ruby's Diner.
* Downtown, including many local surf shops, cafés, restaurants and bars.
* A favorite hamburger place of the locals is T.K. located right off of Pacific Coast Highway and First Street.

Arts and culture

pecial events

Many of the events at Huntington Beach are focused around the beach during the summer. The U.S. Open of Surfing and Beach Games are featured on the south side of the pier. Huntington Beach is a stop on the AVP beach volleyball tour. A biathlon (swim/run) hosted by the [http://www.hsbla.com Bolsa Chica & Huntington State Beach Lifeguards] takes place in July, early at dawn. The race begins at the Santa Ana River Jetties and ends at Warner Avenue, Bolsa Chica State Beach. Huntington Beach Junior Lifeguard day camps are held which teaches preadolescents and adolescents ocean swimming, running, and first-aid medical knowledge.

In addition to the beach-focused events, the Fourth of July parade has been held since 1904. The [http://www.socalfilmfest.com/ SoCal Independent Film Festival] takes place every September.

During the winter the annual Cruise of Lights Boat Tour is held in the Huntington Harbour neighborhood. This is a parade of colorful lighted boats as well as boat tours to view the decorated homes. The annual Kite Festival is held just north of the pier in late February.

Surf City Nights is held during the entire year. The community-spirited event features a farmer's market, unique entertainment, food, kiddie rides and a carnival atmosphere, each Tuesday evening. Surf City Nights is presented by the Huntington Beach Downtown Business Improvement District (HBDBID) and the City of Huntington Beach. The event takes place in the first three blocks of Main Street from Pacific Coast Highway to Orange Avenue.

Sports

Huntington Beach is the site of the world surfing championships, held in the summer every year. The city is often referred to as "Surf City" because of this high profile event, its history and culture of surfing. It is often called the "Surfing Capital of the World", not for the height of the waves, but rather for the consistent quality of surf.

urf and beaches

Apart from sponsored surf events, Huntington Beach has some of the best surf breaks in the State of California and that of the United States. Huntington Beach has four different facing beaches: Northwest, West, Southwest, and South. Northwest consists of Bolsa Chica State Beach (3.3 Miles), the West consist of "The Cliffs" or "Dog Beach", Southwest is considered everything north of the pier which is operated by the City of Huntington Beach. South consists in everything south of the pier which primarily focuses on Huntington State Beach (2.2 Miles), which almost faces true South.

Bolsa Chica State Beach is operated by the State of California, Dept. Parks & Recreation, and the [http://www.hsbla.com Bolsa Chica State Beach Lifeguards] . The beach is very narrow and the sand is very coarse. Bolsa Chica tends to have better surf with NW/W swells during the winter season. During the summer months the beach picks up south/southwest swells at a very steep angle. Due to the bottom of the beach, surf at Bolsa Chica tends to be slowed down and refined to soft shoulders. Longboards are the best option for surfing in the Bolsa Chica area.

"The Cliffs" or "Dog Beach" is also another popular surf spot. This segment of Huntington Beach obtains these names because dogs are allowed around the cliff area. Beach is very restricted and often is submerged with high tides. Surf at this location tends to be even bigger than Bolsa Chica during the winter and often better. During the summer most of the South/Southwest swells slide right by and often break poorly. The best option is to take out a longboard, but shortboards will do at times. Dolphins have also been sighted in this area. [cite news |last= Lyons |first=Matt |title= Dolphins descend on Huntington |publisher= The Orange County Register |date= July 27, 2008 |url=http://www.ocregister.com/articles/dolphins-descend-on-2106116-huntington |accessdate= 2008-07-29 ]

Just north and south of the Huntington Beach Pier are some well defined sandbars that shift throughout the year with the different swells. Southside of the Pier is often a popular destination during the summer for good surf, but the Northside can be just as well during the winter. Around the Pier it all depends on the swell and the sandbars. Shortboard is your best option for surfing around the Pier.

South Huntington Beach, also known as Huntington State Beach, is where all the south swells impact the coastline. Huntington State Beach is operated by the State of California, Department of Parks & Recreation, and [http://www.hsbla.com Huntington State Beach Lifeguards] . This beach is very wide with plenty of sand. Sandbars dramatically shift during the spring, summer and fall seasons. Thus creating excellent surf conditions with a combo South/West/Northwest swell. Due to the Santa Ana River jetties located at the southern most end of the beach, large sandbars extend across and upcoast, forcing swells to break extremely fast and hollow. Best seasons for surfing at this beach is the summer and fall. The best option for surfing in this area is a shortboard. Huntington Beach is also a popular destination for kite surfing, and this sport can be viewed on the beach northwest of the pier.

Huntington Beach is the host city of the National Professional Paintball League Super 7 Paintball Championships. The NPPL holds its first event of the year traditionally between the dates of March 23rd through March 26th.

Parks and recreation

Huntington Beach has a very large Central Park, located between Gothard and Edwards Streets to the east and west, and Slater and Ellis Avenues to the north and south. The park is vegetated with xeric (low water use) plants, and inhabited by native wildlife. Thick forests encircling the park are supplemented with Australian trees, particularly eucalyptus, a high water use plant.

The Huntington Beach Public Library is located in Central Park in a notable building designed by Richard Neutra and Dion Neutra. It houses almost a half-million volumes, as well as a theater, gift shop and fountains. The library was founded as a Carnegie library in 1914, and has been continuously supported by the city and local activists, with new buildings and active branches at Banning, Oak View, Main Street, and Graham. The library has significant local historical materials and has a special genealogical reference collection. It is independent of the state and county library systems.

The park is also home of Huntington Central Park Equestrian Center, a top class boarding facility that also offers horse rentals to the public, with guided trail rides through the park. There is also a "mud park" available for kids. The world's second oldest disc golf course is available in the park, as are two small dining areas, a sports complex for adult use, the Shipley Nature Center.

The Bolsa Chica Wetlands, which are diminishing rapidly due to development, contains numerous trails and scenic routes. The wetlands themselves have recently been connected with the ocean again, in effort to maintain its previous, unaltered conditions.

Government

In the state legislature Huntington Beach is located in the 35th Senate District, represented by Republican Tom Harman, and in the 67th Assembly District, represented by Republican Jim Silva. Federally, Huntington Beach is located in California's 46th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +6 [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2008-02-10] and is represented by Republican Dana Rohrabacher.

City police and government controversies

The city has had bleak history of politics and police enforcement with the local politicians many times in its history being convicted of one form of corruption or another, and the police force repeatedly accused of aggressive tactics that have been immortalized in punk songs by bands NOFX, UK Subs, HB Surround Sound, and the Vandals.

Former pro-development mayor, Pam Julien Houchen, was sentenced in September 2006 to a 37-month sentence and ordered to pay $140,000 in restitution for a scheme that illegally converted Huntington Beach apartments into condominiums. [cite news |first=Jennifer |last=Muir |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Prison for ex-mayor |url=http://www.ocregister.com/ocregister/news/local/crimecourts/article_1287780.php |work=Orange County Register |publisher= |date=September 26, 2006 ]

Former mayor Dave Garofalo pleaded guilty to a felony and 15 misdemeanors and was sentenced to community service and probation for violating conflict-of-interest laws in January 2002. [cite news |first=Anthony |last=Pignataro |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Garofollies |url=http://www.ocweekly.com/news/news/garofollies/20724/ |work=OC Weekly |publisher= |date=August 14, 2003 |accessdate=2008-03-15 ]

Former mayor Jack Kelly was fined $4,000 by the California Fair Political Practices Commission on two counts of improper financial disclosure in 1988. [ [http://www.ocweekly.com/columns/letters/letters/23221/ Orange County Weekly - Letters ] ]

Ashley MacDonald, age 18, was shot and killed by police on the early morning of August 25, 2006 in an empty park. MacDonald had an argument with her mother, grabbed a knife and slashed her mother. She then ran out of the house and went to a city park down the street. Officers found MacDonald in the park with the knife in her hand and with bloody clothes. Officers repeatedly ordered MacDonald to drop the knife, but instead she started walking towards the officers. At which time the two police officers shot her. The events surrounding the shooting are in dispute between the police department, witnesses and MacDonald's family. The family has since filed a $20 million lawsuit against the police department. [cite web |url=http://www.ocweekly.com/news/news/inside-the-kill-zone/26853/ |title=Inside the Kill Zone |author=Nick Schou |date=March 15, 2007 |work= |publisher=OC Weekly]

Education

Huntington Beach is the home of Golden West College, which offers two-year associates of arts degrees, and transfers programs to state universities.

Huntington Beach is in the Huntington Beach Union High School District, which includes Edison High School, Huntington Beach High School, Marina High School, and Ocean View High School in the city of Huntington Beach, Fountain Valley High School in the city of Fountain Valley, and Westminster High School in the city of Westminster.

The district also has an alternative school, Valley Vista High School, and an independent study school, Coast High School.

Huntington Beach High School, which is the district's flagship school, celebrated its 100 year anniversary in 2006.

The city has two elementary school districts: Huntington Beach City with 9 schools and Ocean View with 15. A small part of the city is served by the Fountain Valley School District.

Media

The city was featured in the TruTV series "Ocean Force: Huntington Beach". The "West Wing" character Sam Seaborn was stated in the episode "Game On" to be from Huntington Beach. Also, the city is mentioned in the Beach Boys song Surfin' Safari and in Surfer Joe by The Surfaris.

A live camera is set up at the Huntington Beach Pier and shown on screens at the California-themed Hollister apparel stores.

The public television station KOCE-TV operates from the Golden West College campus, in conjunction with the Golden West College Media Arts program.

Two weekly newspapers cover Huntington Beach: The Huntington Beach Independent [http://www.hbindependent.com/] and The Wave Section of The Orange County Register [http://www.ocregister.com/ocregister/sections/news/local/huntingtonbeach/] .

Notable natives and residents

Musicians

*Dean Torrence, from the 1960s Pop group, Jan and Dean, who co-authored the famous song "Surf City" (#1 in 1963) said that Huntington Beach embodies the song's spirit of freedom and California fun.cite web|url=http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0720/p01s02-ussc.html |title=Where's the real Surf City, USA? |accessdate=2005-07-20 |publisher=Christian Science Monitor ]
* The metal band Avenged Sevenfold grew up and currently reside here. Lead guitarist Synyster Gates has said he enjoys nothing more than cruising Huntington Beach on his chopper. [ [http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/avengedsevenfold/articles/story/8829380/disorderly_conduct Disorderly Conduct: Avenged Sevenfold : Rolling Stone ] ]
* The members of the band hellogoodbye originate from Huntington Beach.Fact|date=August 2008
* Ska punk band Reel Big Fish formed in Huntington Beach.Fact|date=August 2008
* Punk rock legends The Offspring originated from Huntington Beach in 1984.Fact|date=September 2008
* Members of Suburban Legends met at and attended Huntington Beach High SchoolFact|date=August 2008
* The "G-punk" band Hed PE is from Huntington Beach.Fact|date=August 2008
* Christian Jacobs, The MC Bat Commander of The Aquabats, resides in Huntington Beach. [cite news |first=Peter |last=Larsen |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Monsters of kids' rock |url=http://www.ocregister.com/entertainment/yo-gabba-gabba-1813203-nickelodeon-aquabats |work=Orange County Register |publisher= |date=August 19, 2007 |accessdate=2008-03-25 ]
* Nadine Coyle, member of British all-girl group Girls AloudFact|date=August 2008
* Matt Costa, the folk pop singer, was born in Huntington Beach. [cite news |first=Roy |last=Atizado |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Interview with Matt Costa |url=http://www.nowontour.com/news/interviews/67-matt-costa |work= |publisher=NowOnTour.com |date= |accessdate=2008-03-25 ]
* The Vandals, a punk rock band formed in Huntington Beach [cite news |first=Kate |last=Carraway |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Huntington Beach Punk Heroes the Vandals Rock Iraq, Afghanistan, Anaheim |url=http://www.ocweekly.com/music/music/huntington-beach-punk-heroes-the-vandals-rock-iraq-afghanistan-anaheim/28809/ |work=Orange County Weekly |publisher= |date=May 15, 2008 |accessdate=2008-06-17]
* David Silveria from the rock band KORN resides in Huntington Beach and owns two restaurants in downtown Huntington Beach (Silvera's Steakhouse and Tuna Town) [cite news |first=Purnima |last=Mudnal |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Steak? The 'ayes' have it |url=http://www.hbindependent.com/articles/2006/05/11/business/hbi-silvera11.txt |work=Huntington Beach Independent |publisher= |date=August 2, 2006 |accessdate=2008-06-08]

Athletes

* Professional wrestler & current TNA World Heavyweight Champion Samoa Joe was born and raised in Huntington Beach and attended Ocean View High School.Fact|date=August 2008
* Huntington Beach is the home to pro skateboarders like: Geoff Rowley, [cite web |title =Geoff Rowley | work =Volcom web site | url =http://www.volcom.com/team/team_rider_detail.asp?TeamID=2&riderID=12&SectionId=1 | accessdate =2008-04-16] Arto Saari, [ [http://expn.go.com/athletes/bios/SAARI_ARTO.html Arto Saari, EXPN web site] ] Tosh Townend, [ [http://www.theskateboardindustry.com/tsi/skater.aspx?ID=590 The Skateboard Industry] ] Mark Appleyard, [ [http://www.globe.tv/skate/team.php?id=15 Globe Team web site] ] Brian Sumner [ [http://www.briansumner.net/ ‡ Brian Sumner ‡ ] ] , Greg Lutzka [cite web |url=http://expn.go.com/expn/athletes/bio?id=24948 |title=GREG LUTZKA |accessdate=2008-06-23 |author= |date= |work=EXPN Web Site |publisher=] and Ed Templeton [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CEFD71230F935A15751C1A965958260 THE YEAR IN REVIEW - 1993; The Year's Champions - New York Times ] ] .
* Former NHL hockey player John Blue is from Huntington Beach. [cite web |url=http://www.legendsofhockey.net:8080/LegendsOfHockey/jsp/SearchPlayer.jsp?player=18221 |title=NHL Player Search: John Blue |accessdate=2008-06-04 |author= |date= |work=www.legendsofhockey.net |publisher=Hockey Hall of Fame]
* It is also home of MMA fighters Tito "The Huntington Beach Bad Boy" Ortiz [ [http://www.ufc.com/index.cfm?fa=fighter.detail&pid=131 UFC : Ultimate Fighting Championship ] ] , David "Tank" Abbott [ [http://www.mmamadness.com/fighters.html?fighter_id=6 MMA Madness - Fighter Profile - David Abbott ] ] and former WEC Lightweight Champion "Razor" Rob McCullough.
* New York Yankees pitcher Ian Kennedy was born in Huntington Beach. [ [http://mlb.com/team/player.jsp?player_id=453178 MLB Player File] ]
* Former Seattle Mariners pitcher Bob Wolcott was born in Huntington Beach. [ [http://www.baseball-reference.com/bio/CA_born_place.shtml Players Born in California - Baseball-Reference.com ] ]
*Roller Derby Blonde Amazon Joan Weston. [cite news |first=Robert |last=Thomas, Jr. |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Joanie Weston, 62, a Big Star In the World of Roller Derbies |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE4D91038F93BA25756C0A961958260&scp=1&sq=weston%20%22huntington%20beach%22&st=cse |work=The New York Times |publisher= |date=1997-05-18 |accessdate=2008-07-13]
*Tony Gonzalez of the Kansas City Chiefs grew up in Huntington Beach and attended Huntington Beach High School. [cite web |url=http://www.kcchiefs.com/player/tony_gonzalez/ |title=TONY GONZALEZ #88 |accessdate=2008-06-25 |author= |date= |work=Kansas City Chiefs web site |publisher=]
* Jeff Kent, recipient of the 2000 MVP Baseball award and currently playing for the Los Angeles Dodgers was raised in Huntington Beach and attended Edison High School. [cite web |url=http://www.jockbio.com/Bios/Kent/Kent_bio.html |title=Jeff Kent: Biography |accessdate=2008-04-17 |author= |date= |work=Jockbio.com |publisher=]
* Jessie Godderz - A professional bodybuilder with the World Natural Body Building Federation that is also a contestant on Big Brother 10 [ [http://www.cbs.com/primetime/big_brother/bio/jessie_10/bio.php Jessie's bio] , "CBS.com". Retrieved 2008-07-08]
* Hank Conger - a professional baseball player for the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim and attended Huntington Beach High SchoolFact|date=September 2008

Actors

* Willie Aames attended Edison High School. [cite web |url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/22672365/ |title=Excerpt: ‘Grace Is Enough’ |accessdate=2008-03-27 |author= |date=January 16, 2008 |work=msnbc.com web site |publisher=]
* Amy Grabow grew up in Huntington Beach and attended the Academy for the Performing Arts. [cite web |url=http://www.soapcentral.com/gh/theactors/grabow.php |title=About the Actors, Amy Grabow |accessdate=2008-03-06 |author= |date= |work=www.soapcentral.com |publisher=]
* Jason Lee, who plays the lead character Earl in the television show "My Name is Earl", grew up in Huntington Beach and graduated from Ocean View High School. [cite web |url=http://www.tvguide.com/celebrities/jason-lee/bio/155987 |title=Jason Lee: Biography |accessdate=2008-03-27 |author= |date= |work=tvguide.com |publisher=]

Writers

Art critic and writer Andrew Berardini was born and raised in the city, attending Marina High School.Fact|date=August 2008

Safety

Fire protection in Huntington Beach is provided by the Huntington Beach Fire Department. Law enforcement is provided by the Huntington Beach Police Department. Huntington Beach Marine Safety Officers and its seasonal lifeguards are recognized as some of the best in the world with a top notch safety record. It has an active Community Emergency Response Team training program, that trains citizens as FEMA-Certified Disaster Service Workers as a part of a free program run by the fire department's Office of Emergency Services.

Emergency services are also provided at State Beach locations. Peace Officers and lifeguards can be found at Bolsa Chica and Huntington State Beach. Such services consist of: aquatic rescues, boat rescues, first aid and law enforcement. All services are provided by the State of California, Dept. Parks & Recreation.

In 1926, the Santa Ana River dam failed, and flash-flooded its entire delta. The southern oceanic terminus of this delta is now a settled area of Huntington Beach. The distant dam is still functional, but silting up, which is expected to reduce its storage volume, and therefore its effectiveness at flood-prevention. The flood and dam-endangered areas are protected by a levee, but lenders require expensive flood insurance in the delta. There have been serious discussions to eliminate the need for flood insurance and this requirement has already been waived in some areas and may one day no longer be considered a credible threat.

Since it is a seaside city, Huntington Beach has had tsunami warnings, storm surge (its pier has been rebuilt three times), sewage spills, tornadoes and waterspouts. The cold offshore current prevents hurricanes. The Pier that was rebuilt in the 90s was engineered to withstand severe storms or earthquakes.

Large fractions of the settled delta are in earthquake liquefaction zones above known active faults. Most of the local faults are named after city streets.

Many residents (and even city hall) live within sight and sound of active oil extraction and drilling operations. These occasionally spew oil, causing expensive clean-ups. Large parts of the developed land have been contaminated by heavy metals from the water separated from oil.

The local oil has such extreme mercury contamination that metallic mercury is regularly drained from oil pipelines and equipment. Oil operations increase when the price of oil rises. Some oil fields have been approved for development. The worst-polluted areas have been reclaimed as parks. At least one Superfund site, too contaminated to be a park, is at the junction of Magnolia and Hamilton streets, near Edison High School. [ [http://www.ci.huntington-beach.ca.us/Business/redevelopment/southeast_coast_projects.cfm#ascon Ascon Superfund Site] ]

ister cities

Huntington Beach has the following sister city relationships, according to the Huntington Beach Sister City Association: [ [http://www.hbsistercity.org/ Huntington Beach Sister City Association] ]

*flagicon|Japan Anjo, Aichi, Japan
*flagicon|New Zealand Waitakere, New Zealand

References

External links

* [http://www.ci.huntington-beach.ca.us/ Official City Website]
* [http://www.hbchamber.org Huntington Beach Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.surfcityusa.com/ Huntington Beach Conference and Visitors Bureau ]
* [http://www.hsbla.com Huntington State Beach Lifeguard Association]
* [http://www.parks.ca.gov California State Parks]
* [http://www.hbcams.com Live Webcams in Huntington Beach]
* [http://www.yesterdayla.com/Graphics/huntington2.jpgAerial photograph of Huntington Beach, circa 1950s]
* [http://www.carnegie-libraries.org/california/regions/orangecounty/huntingtonbeach.html Carnegie Libraries' Web Site Entry for Huntington Beach]
* [http://terraserver.microsoft.com/image.aspx?T=4&S=13&Z=11&X=254&Y=2327&W=1&qs=%7cHuntington+Beach%7cCA%7c Aerial photo of Huntington Beach from Microsoft Terraserver, 2004]
* [http://www.hbpl.org/info_library_photo.htm Historical photos of Huntington Beach]


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