Guardhouse

A guardhouse (also known as a watch house, guard building, guard booth, guard shack, security booth, security building, or sentry building) is a building used to house personnel and security equipment. Guardhouses have historically been dormitories for sentries or guards, and places where sentries not posted to sentry posts wait "on call". Some guardhouses also function as jails.

Modern guard houses

In 21st century commercial, industrial, institutional, governmental, or residential facilities, guardhouses are generally placed at the entrance as checkpoints for securing and monitoring personnel and traffic.

One of the general orders of a sentry in the United States Navy and Marine corps is to "Repeat all calls more distant from the guardhouse than my own." Guardhouses thus serve as central communications hubs for sentry posts, being where the Corporal of the Guard is stationed. [cite web|url=http://www.nsgreatlakes.navy.mil/otcp/ocs/gen_orders.htm|title=General Orders of a Sentry|publisher=Officer Training Command Pensacola] When sentries are relieved by their replacements, the sentry stationed at the guardhouse, designated "No. 1", is conventionally relieved first. [cite book|chapter=The Corporal|title=Customs of Service for Non Commissioned Officers and Soldiers (as practised in the Army of the United States)|date=1864|author=August V. Kautz|chapterurl=http://www.usregulars.com/COS01.html|location=Philadelphia|publisher=J. B. Lippincott & Co.] [cite web|title=Procedures for Posting and Relieving Sentries|date=2005-11-18|work=Army Wives|url=http://www.armywives.com/index.php/component/option,com_content/task,view/id,153/Itemid,209/|publisher=Miro International Pty Ltd]

Historical guard houses

In the Fortress of Louisbourg in the 18th century, guardhouses were where sentries were stationed to eat and sleep between periods of sentry duty at the 21 sentry posts around the town. The town had five guardhouses (the Dauphine Gate, the townside entrance to the King's Bastion, the Queen's Gate, the Maurepas Gate, and the Pièce de la Grave), and whilst not sleeping sentries would be "on call" from those guardhouses at need. [cite web|work=THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE AT THE FORTRESS OF LOUISBOURG 1713 – 1758|publisher=L'Institut de Louisbourg|title=The Town Guard|url=http://fortress.uccb.ns.ca/justice/HF39R-2.htm]

In the guardhouse at Fort Scott National Historic Site, typical funishings for guard quarters included benches, tables, shelves, a platform bed for the men resting between assignments, arm racks, a fireplace or stove, and leather buckets (used for firefighting — another duty of guards). Prison cells were unfurnished, containing simply a slop bucket and iron rings on walls for the attachment of shackles. [cite web|title=Guardhouse: A Birds Eye View|work=Life on the Frontier|publisher=U.S. National Park Service|url=http://www.nps.gov/archive/fosc/guard3.htm]

References

In the Fortress of Louisbourg in the 18th century, guardhouses were where sentries were stationed to eat and sleep between periods of sentry duty at the 21 sentry posts around the town. The town had five guardhouses (the Dauphine Gate, the townside entrance to the King's Bastion, the Queen's Gate, the Maurepas Gate, and the Pièce de la Grave), and whilst not sleeping sentries would be "on call" from those guardhouses at need. [4]

In the guardhouse at Fort Scott National Historic Site, typical furnishings for guard quarters included benches, tables, shelves, a platform bed for the men resting between assignments, arm racks, a fireplace or stove, and leather buckets (used for firefighting — another duty of guards). Prison cells were unfurnished, containing simply a slop bucket and iron rings on walls for the attachment of shackles. [5]

Further reading

* — a description of the guardhouse at Colonial Williamsburg
*
* — a description of the guardhouse at Arsenal Technical High School, tracing its history from being a combined guardhouse and jail for the U.S. Army barracks through being a school "beanery" to its current function as a school security office
* — an archaeological report on the guardhouse at the Macquarie Street entrance of the Lancer Barracks in Parramatta, New South Wales
* — an extract from the Fort Concho Medical History Record of May 1871, describing in detail the now nonexistent guardhouse

See also

* gatehouse
* Neue Wache


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guardhouse — Guard house , n. (Mil.) A building which is occupied by the guard, and in which soldiers are confined for misconduct; hence, a lock up. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • guardhouse — (also guardroom) ► NOUN ▪ a building used to accommodate a military guard or to detain military prisoners …   English terms dictionary

  • guardhouse — [gärd′hous΄] n. Mil. 1. a building used by the members of a guard when not walking a post 2. a building where personnel are confined for minor offenses or while awaiting court martial …   English World dictionary

  • guardhouse — UK [ˈɡɑː(r)dˌhaʊs] / US [ˈɡɑrdˌhaʊs] noun [countable] Word forms guardhouse : singular guardhouse plural guardhouses UK [ˈɡɑː(r)dˌhaʊzɪz] / US [ˈɡɑrdˌhaʊzəz] a building for soldiers who are working as guards, sometimes also used as a place for… …   English dictionary

  • guardhouse — noun Date: 1592 1. a building occupied by a guard or used as a headquarters by soldiers on guard duty 2. a military jail …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • guardhouse — /gahrd hows /, n., pl. guardhouses / how ziz/. 1. a building used for housing military personnel on guard duty. 2. a building used for the temporary detention of military prisoners. [1585 95; GUARD + HOUSE] * * * …   Universalium

  • guardhouse — noun a) The building housing military police b) A small security station, often at the entrance to a facility or a city …   Wiktionary

  • guardhouse — Synonyms and related words: POW camp, bastille, black hole, borstal, borstal institution, bridewell, brig, cell, concentration camp, condemned cell, death cell, death house, death row, detention camp, federal prison, forced labor camp, gaol,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • guardhouse — guard|house [ˈga:dhaus US ˈga:rd ] n a building for soldiers who are guarding the entrance to a military camp …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • guardhouse — guard|house [ gard,haus ] noun count a building for soldiers who are working as guards, sometimes also used as a place for keeping military prisoners …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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