Campus
Joseph Jacques Ramée's original plan for Union College in Schenectady, New York, the first comprehensively planned campus in the United States[1]

A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings are situated. Usually a campus includes libraries, lecture halls, residence halls and park-like settings. The definition currently describes a collection of buildings that belong to a given institution, either academic or non-academic.

The word derives from a Latin word for "field" and first was used to describe the grounds of a college at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) during the 18th century.[2] Some other American colleges later adopted the word to describe individual fields at their own institutions, but "campus" did not yet describe the whole university property. A school might have one space called a campus, one called a field, and another called a yard.

The meaning expanded to include the whole institutional property during the 20th century, with the old meaning persisting into the 1950s in some places. Sometimes the lands on which company office buildings sit, along with the buildings, are called campuses. The Microsoft Campus in Redmond, Washington, as well as hospitals use the term to describe the territory of their facilities. The word "campus" has also been applied to European universities, although most such institutions are characterized by ownership of individual buildings in urban settings rather than park-like lawns in which buildings are placed.

References

  1. ^ Turner, Paul V. (1996). Joseph Ramée: International Architect of the Revolutionary Era. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 190. 
  2. ^ Douglas Harper, Campus, Online Etymology Dictionary, accessed October 2, 2011

See also


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  • campus — [ kɑ̃pys ] n. m. • 1894; mot angl. amér., du lat. « champ » ♦ Aux États Unis, Parc d un collège, d une université. « J ai fait mardi une conférence à Mills College. Le campus est un parc luxuriant accroché au flanc d une colline » (Beauvoir). Par …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Campus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Campus de Azurém de la Universidad del Miño, en Guimarães, Portugal. Un campus es el conjunto de terrenos y edificios que pertenecen a una universidad. El término proviene del inglés campus, y éste a su vez del lat …   Wikipedia Español

  • campus — CÁMPUS, campusuri, s.n. Complex universitar cuprinzând construcţii şi dotări pentru învăţământ, cercetare, locuit, agrement etc. – Din engl. campus. Trimis de valeriu, 11.02.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  cámpus s. n., pl. cámpusuri Trimis de siveco,… …   Dicționar Român

  • campus — cam‧pus [ˈkæmpəs] noun [countable, uncountable] PROPERTY 1. an area of land where a university has its buildings and facilities: • Many students live on campus. • Berkeley is the oldest of the University of California campuses. 2. a large area… …   Financial and business terms

  • campus — (plural campus) sustantivo masculino 1. Ámbito o espacio físico de una universidad: La universidad de León se trasladará a un nuevo campus. La Facultad de Letras proyecta trasladarse a un nuevo campus. Los campus universitarios españoles suelen… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Campus — Cam pus, n. [L., a field.] 1. The principal grounds of a college or school, between the buildings or within the main inclosure; as, the college campus. [1913 Webster] 2. a college or university. [PJC] 3. a division of a university with its own… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • CAMPUS — idem Longobardis, quod Regia, Aimoinus, Francor l. 4. c. 86. inquit, Hunnorum Regia, ab iis Rhingus, a Longobardis Campus vocatur. Statio Graeci Imper. duplex fult: domestica, quae Palatium, et campeltris, quae Follatum dicebatur. Sic Longobardis …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • campus — ☆ campus [kam′pəs ] n. pl. campuses [L, a field < IE * kampos, a corner, cove < base * kamp , to bend > Gr kampē, bend, curve, Lith kam̃pas, corner, area] 1. the grounds, sometimes including the buildings, of a school or college 2. the… …   English World dictionary

  • Campus — Campus, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 145 Housing Units (2000): 45 Land area (2000): 0.099373 sq. miles (0.257376 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.099373 sq. miles (0.257376 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • campus — (Del ingl. campus, y este del lat. campus, llanura). m. Conjunto de terrenos y edificios pertenecientes a una universidad …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Campus — (lat.), 1) Ebene, Fläche; 2) bes. flaches Feld, Acker; 3) (röm. Ant.), Platz in Rom, zu Festen, Volksversammlungen, Waffenübungen u. Ähnlichem; so bes. der Campus Martius, das Marsfeld, s.u. Rom (a. Geogr.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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