- Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
name = Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
image_size = 180px
December 25, 1876
death_date = death date and age|1959|6|9|1876|12|25
Organic chemistry biochemistry
Nobel Prize for Chemistry(1928)
Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus (
December 25, 1876– June 9, 1959) was a German chemistwho won a Nobel Prize in Chemistryin 1928 for his work on sterols and their relation to vitamins. He was the doctoral advisor of Adolf Butenandtwho also won a Nobel Prize in Chemistryin 1939.
Adolf Windaus was born in Berlin. His interest in chemistry was raised by lectures of
Emil Fischer. He started studying medicine and chemistry in Berlin and later in Freiburg. He got his phd in early 1900 and focused on cholesteroland other sterols at the University of Freiburg. In 1913 he became professor for chemistry at the University of Innsbruckbut already in 1915 he changed to the University of Göttingenwhere he stayed until his retirement in 1944.
He was involved in the discovery of the transformation of
cholesterolthrough several steps to vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol). He gave his patents to Merck and Bayerand they brought out the medical Vigantolin 1927 [cite journal | quotes = yes | last=Haas | first=Jochen | authorlink= | year=2007 | month= | title= [Vigantol--Adolf Windaus and the history of vitamin D] | journal=Wurzbg Medizinhist Mitt | volume=26 | issue= | pages=144–81| pmid = 18354894 ] .
*cite journal | title=Das Portrait: Adolf Windaus 1876-1959 | author=
Karl Dimroth| journal=Chemie in unserer Zeit | volume=10 | issue=6 | pages= 175–179 | year=1976 | doi=10.1002/ciuz.19760100603
*cite journal | title=Adolf Windaus zum Gedächtnis | author= H. H. Inhoffen | journal=Naturwissenschaften | volume=47 | issue=5 | pages=1960 | year=97-99 | doi=10.1007/BF00628571
*cite journal | title=The Discovery of Vitamin D: The Contribution of Adolf Windaus | author=George Wolf | journal=J. Nutr. | volume=134 | issue= | pages= 1299–1302 | year=2004 | url=http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/reprint/134/6/1299.pdf
*cite journal | title=Zur Geschichte der Sterin- und Vitamin-Forschung. Adolf Windaus zum Gedächtnis | author=
Adolf Butenandt| journal=J. Nutr. | volume=72 | issue=18 | pages= 645–651 | year=1960 | doi=10.1002/ange.19600721802
* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1928/windaus-bio.html Windaus biography at nobelprize.org]
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